iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Magnolia grandiflora L. shows better responses to drought than Magnolia × soulangeana in urban environment

Erna Vastag (1-2)   , Saša Orlović (2), Alena Konôpková (3), Daniel Kurjak (3), Claudia Cocozza (4), Eva Pšidová (5), Katharina Lapin (6), Lazar Kesić (2), Srdan Stojnić (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 6, Pages 575-583 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3596-013
Published: Dec 07, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles

Drought tolerance is becoming an increasingly important criterion for the selection of tree species, especially in urban areas characterized by low water availability. Apart from drought tolerance, the introduction of non-native species should be considered for new planting programs under such conditions to enhance the resilience of urban forests. The present study is aimed at evaluating the in situ physiological responses of Magnolia grandiflora and Magnolia × soulangeana to severe drought that frequently occurs in urban environments in the Southeastern Europe. Transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, intercellular CO2 concentration, water-use efficiency and intrinsic water-use efficiency showed notable differences both between species and between the measured periods (wet and dry). Among the chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters, effective photochemical quantum yield of PS II, quantum yield of light-induced non-photochemical fluorescence quenching, quantum yield of non-regulated heat dissipation, fluorescence emission and index of susceptibility of leaves to light stress revealed significant differences both between the two species and the periods of measurements. The reduction of net photosynthesis in both magnolia species occurs as the result of non-stomatal limitation obtained by the reduction of electron transport rate coupled with simultaneous increase in intercellular CO2 concentration. Moreover, M. grandiflora was the species less vulnerable to water shortage conditions, while M. soulangeana exhibited a photosynthetic capacity sensitive to drought-induced stress. M. grandiflora can therefore be considered as a promising alternative to M. soulangeana for urban sites under the predicted climate change scenarios.


Chlorophyll a Fluorescence, Drought, Leaf Gas Exchange, Photosynthesis, Urban Tree Selection

Authors’ address

Erna Vastag 0000-0002-8618-3041
Department of Fruit Growing, Viticulture, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad (Serbia)
Erna Vastag 0000-0002-8618-3041
Saša Orlović 0000-0002-2724-1862
Lazar Kesić 0000-0003-2643-9727
Srdan Stojnić 0000-0001-5014-7244
Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, University of Novi Sad, Antona Cehova 13d, 21000 Novi Sad (Serbia)
Alena Konôpková 0000-0002-4314-4122
Daniel Kurjak 0000-0002-2489-8463
Department of Integrated Forest and Landscape Protection, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, T. G. Masaryka 24, 960 01 Zvolen (Slovakia)
Claudia Cocozza 0000-0002-0167-8863
Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry, University of Florence, 50145 Florence (Italy)
Eva Pšidová 0000-0002-8786-7226
Department of Plant Ecophysiology, Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Štúrova 2, 960 53 Zvolen (Slovakia)
Katharina Lapin 0000-0003-4462-2058
Department of Forest Growth and Silviculture, Protection Forest and Natural Forest Reserves, Federal Research and Training Centre for Forest, Natural Hazards and Landscape, Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8, 1131 Vienna (Austria)

Corresponding author

Erna Vastag


Vastag E, Orlović S, Konôpková A, Kurjak D, Cocozza C, Pšidová E, Lapin K, Kesić L, Stojnić S (2020). Magnolia grandiflora L. shows better responses to drought than Magnolia × soulangeana in urban environment. iForest 13: 575-583. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3596-013

Academic Editor

Werther Guidi Nissim

Paper history

Received: Jul 21, 2020
Accepted: Oct 01, 2020

First online: Dec 07, 2020
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.23 months

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