iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Light acclimation of leaf gas exchange in two Tunisian cork oak populations from contrasting environmental conditions

Touhami Rzigui (1)   , Habiba Khiari (1), Zouhaier Abbes (2), Khaoula Ben Baaziz (1), Ichrak Jaouadi (3), Zouheir Nasr (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 700-706 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1306-007
Published: Jan 08, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles

Due to diverse environmental conditions, Mediterranean plant populations are exposed to a range of selective pressures that may lead to phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation. We examined the effect of light acclimation on photosynthetic capacity in two Quercus suber (L.) populations that are native to different ecological conditions. Low-light adapted seedlings from both populations were exposed to three light treatments: full sunlight (HL), medium light (ML, 43% sunlight) and low light (LL, 15% sunlight) for one month. Photosynthetic performance was monitored by measuring leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. The light environment influences light-saturated carbon assimilation (Amax) in the leaves of the population inhabiting the hot and dry region (from Gaafour). In contrast, there was no significant difference in Amax between leaves grown in high light and low light from Feija (the population native to a cold and humid climate), which suggests an inability of the Feija population to adjust its photosynthesis to respond to higher irradiance. The inability of the Feija population to adjust its photosynthesis did not result from a light acclimation failure in terms of chlorophyll content and ratio compared with the Gaafour population. Instead, it seems to be the consequence of lower stomatal conductance in the Feija population at HL compared to Gaafour.


Quercus suber L., Photosynthesis, Stomatal Conductance, Light, Acclimation

Authors’ address

Touhami Rzigui
Habiba Khiari
Khaoula Ben Baaziz
Zouheir Nasr
National Research Institute for Rural Engineering, Waters, and Forestry, Box 10, Ariana 2080 (Tunisia)
Zouhaier Abbes
Field Crop Laboratory, Carthage University, National Institute for Agricultural Research of Tunisia (INRAT), Rue Hédi Karray, 2080 Ariana (Tunisia)
Ichrak Jaouadi
EL Manar University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Tunis (Tunisia)

Corresponding author

Touhami Rzigui


Rzigui T, Khiari H, Abbes Z, Baaziz KB, Jaouadi I, Nasr Z (2015). Light acclimation of leaf gas exchange in two Tunisian cork oak populations from contrasting environmental conditions. iForest 8: 700-706. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1306-007

Academic Editor

Silvano Fares

Paper history

Received: Apr 03, 2014
Accepted: Sep 04, 2014

First online: Jan 08, 2015
Publication Date: Oct 01, 2015
Publication Time: 4.20 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 47549
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 40914
Abstract Page Views: 2248
PDF Downloads: 3273
Citation/Reference Downloads: 21
XML Downloads: 1093

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3456
Overall contacts: 47549
Avg. contacts per week: 96.31

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2015): 4
Average cites per year: 0.44


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Anderson JM, Osmond CB (1987)
Shade-sun responses: compromises between acclimation and photoinhibition. In: “Photoinhibition” (Kyle DJ, Osmond CB, Arntzen CJ eds). Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlans, pp. 1-38.
Aranda I, Castro L, Alia R, Pardos JA, Gil L (2005)
Low temperature during winter elicits differential responses among populations of the Mediterranean evergreen cork oak (Quercus suber). Tree Physiology 25: 1085-1090.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Arnon DI (1949)
Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology 24: 1-15.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blaguer L, Martinez-Ferri E, Pérez-Corona ME, Baquedano FJ, Castillo FJ, Manrique E (2001)
Population divergence in the plasticity of the response of Quercus coccifera to the light environment. Functional Ecology 15: 124-135.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Boardman NK (1977)
Comparative photosynthesis of sun and shaded plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 28:355-77.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Dai Y, Shen Z, Liu Y, Wang L, Hannaway D, Lu H (2009)
Effects of shade treatments on the photosynthetic capacity, chlorophyll fluorescence content of Tetrastigma hemleyanum Diels et Gilg. Environmental and experimental Botany 65: 177-182.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Evans JR (1999)
Leaf anatomy enables more equal access to light and CO2 between chloroplasts. New phytologist 143:93-104.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Faria T, Garcia-Plazaola JI, Abadia A, Cerasoli S, Pereira JS, Chaves MM (1996)
Diurnal changes in photoprotective mechanisms in leaves of cork oak (Quercus suber) during summer. Tree Physiology 16 (1-2): 115-123.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Faria T, Silvério D, Breia E, Cabral R, Abadia A, Abadia J, Pereira JS, Chaves MM (1998)
Differences in the response of carbon assimilation to summer stress (water deficits, high light and temperature) in four Mediterranean tree species. Physiologia Plantarum 102: 419-428.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Flexas J, Medrano H (2002)
Drought inhibition of photosynthesis in C3 plants: stomatal and non-stomatal limitations revisited. Annals of Botany 89: 183-189.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ghouil H, Montpied P, Epron D, Ksontini M, Hanchi B, Dreyer E (2003)
Thermal optima of photosynthetic functions and thermostability of photochemistry in crok oak seedlings. Tree Physiology 23: 1031-1039.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gomez-Aparicio L, Valladares F, Zamora R (2006)
Differential light responses of Mediterranean tree saplings: linking ecophysiology with regeneration niche in four co-occuring species. Tree Physiology 26: 947-958.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hall A (1979)
A model of leaf photosynthesis and respiration for predicting carbon dioxide assimilation in different environments. Oecologia 143: 299-316.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hanba YT, Kogami H, Terashima I (2002)
The effect of growth irradiance on leaf anatomy and photosynthesis in Acer species differing in light demand. Plant, Cell and Environment 25: 1021-1030.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Holmgren P (1968)
Leaf factors affecting light-saturated photosynthesis in ecotypes of Solidago virgaurea from exposed and shaded habitats. Physiologia Plantarum 21: 676-98.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hubbard RM, Ryan MG, Stiller V, Sperry JS (2001)
Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis vary linearly with plant hydraulic conductance in ponderosa pine. Plant, Cell and Environment 24: 113-121.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hugh LM, Todd MK, Tracy A, Richard JG (2002)
Photoacclimation of photosynthesis irradiance response curves and photosynthetic pigments in microalgae and cyanobacteria. Journal of Phycology 38: 17-38.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kolber Z, Zehr J, Falkowski P (1988)
Effects of growth irradiance and nitrogen limitation on photosynthetic energy conversion in photosystem II. Plant Physiology 88: 923-929.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Magri D, Vendramin GG, Comps B, Dupanloup I, Geburek T, Gömöry D, Latalowa M, Litt T, Paule L, Roure JM, Tantau I, Van Der Knaap WO, Petit RJ, De Beaulieu JL (2006)
A new scenario for the Quaternary history of European beech populations: palaeobotanical evidence and genetic consequences. New Phytologist 171:199-221.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Magri D, Fineschi S, Bellarosa R, Buonamici A, Sebastiani F, Scirone B, Simeone MC, Vendramini GG (2007)
The distribution of Quercus suber chloroplast haplotypes matches the paleogeographical history of the western Mediterranean. Molecular Ecology 16: 5259-5266.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Marenco RA, Gonçalves JFC, Vieira G (2001)
Leaf gas exchange and carbohydrates in tropical trees differing in successional status in two light environments in central Amazonia. Tree Physio-logy 21 (18): 1311-1318.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mendes MM, Gazarini LC, Rodrigues ML (2001)
Acclimation of Myrtus communis to contrasting Mediterranean light environments - effects on structure and chemical composition of foliage and plant water relations. Environmental and Experimental Botany 45: 165-178.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Meng F, Cao R, Yang D, Niklas KJ, Sun S (2014)
Trade-offs between light interception and leaf water shedding: a comparaison of shade - and sun-adapted species in a subtropical rainforest. Oecologia 174:13-22.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mishra KB, Iannacone R, Petrozza A, Mishra Anamika, Armentano N, La Vecchia G, Trtilek M, Cellini F, Nedbal L (2012)
Engineered drought tolerance in tomato plants is reflected in chlorophyll fluorescence emission. Plant Science 182: 79-86.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Müller P, Xiao-Ping L, Niyogi K (2001)
Non-photochemical quenching. A response to excess light energy. Plant Physiology 125:1558-1566.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ort DR (2001)
When there is too much light. Plant Physiology 25: 29-32.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Priault P, Fresneau C, Noctor G, De Paepe R, Cornic G, Streb P (2006)
The mitochondrial CMSII mutation of Nicotiana sylvestris impairs adjustment of photosynthetic carbon assimilation to higher growth irradiance. Journal of Experimental Botany 57: 2075-2085.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Price GD, von Caemmerer S, Evans JR, Siebke K, Anderson JM, Badger MR (1998)
Photosynthesis is strongly reduced by antisense suppression of chloroplastic cytochrome bf complex in transgenic tobacco. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 25: 445-452.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ramirez-Valiente JA, Sanchez-Gomez D, Aranda I, Valladarres F (2010)
Phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation in leaf ecophysiological traits of 13 contrasting cork oak populations under different water availabilities. Tree Physiology 30: 618-627.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rozendal DMA, Hurtado VH, Poorter L (2006)
Plasticity in leaf traits of 38 tropical species in response to light; relationships with light demand and adult stature. Functional Ecology 20: 207-216.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rzigui T, De Paepe R, Cornic G, Streb P (2013)
In the mitochondrial CMSII mutant of Nicotiana sylvestris photosynthetic activity remains higher than in the WT under persisting mild water stress. Plant Science 205-206: 20-28.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sack L, Holbrook NM (2006)
Leaf hydraulics. Annual Review of Plant Biology 57: 361-381.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sanchez-Gomez D, Valladares F, Zavala M (2006)
Functional traits and plasticity in response to light in seedlings of four Iberian forest tree species. Tree Physiology 26: 1425-1433.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Schluter U, Muschak M, Berger D, Thomas A (2003)
Photosynthetic performance of an Arabidopsis mutant with elevated stomatal density (sdd1-1) under different light regimes. Journal of Experimental Botany 54:867-874.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Staudt M, Ennajah A, Mouillot F, Joffre R (2008)
Do volatile organic compound emissions of Tunisian cork oak populations originating from contrasting climatic conditions differ in their responses to summer drought? Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 2965-2975.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sugiura D, Tateno M (2014)
Effect of the experimental alteration of fine roots on stomatal conductance and photosynthesis: case study of devil maple (Acer diabolicum) in a cool temperate region. Environmental and Experimental Botany 100: 105-113.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sultan SE (2003)
Phenotypic plasticity in plants: a case study in ecological developmet. Evolution and Development 5: 25-33.
Online | Gscholar
Valladares F, Martinez-Ferri E, Blaguer L, Perez-Corna E, Manrique E (2000)
Low leaf-level response to light and nutrients in Mediterranean evergreen oaks: a conservative resource-use strategy? New Phytologist 148: 79-91.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Valladares F, Chico JM, Aranda L, Blaguer P, Dizengremel E, Manrique E, Dreyer E (2002)
The greater high-light seedling tolerance of Quercus robur over Fagus sylvatica is linked to a greater physiological plasticity. Trees 16: 395-403.
Online | Gscholar
Valladares F, Dobarro I, Sanchez-Gomez D, Pearcy RW (2004)
Photoinhibiton and drought in Mediterranean woody saplings: scaling effects and interactions in sun and shade phenotypes. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 483-494.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Valladares F, Arrieta S, Aranda I, Lorenzo D, Sanchez-Gomez D, Tena D, Suarez F, Pardos JA (2005)
Shade tolerance, photoinhibition sensitivity and phenotypic plasticity of Ilex aquifolium in continental Mediterranean sites. Tree Physiology 25: 1041-1052.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Walters RG (2005)
Towards and understanding of photosynthetic acclimation. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 435-447.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info