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Adaptive variation in physiological traits of beech provenances in Central Europe

Jana Kučerová (1)   , Alena Konôpková (2), Eva Pšidová (1), Daniel Kurjak (2), Gabriela Jamnická (1), Kristína Slugenová (1), Dušan Gömöry (2), Lubica Ditmarová (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 24-31 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2291-010
Published: Jan 09, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


Current climate changes can led to a decline of local beech populations fully adapted to previous climate conditions. In this context, the issue of variation in adaptive traits becomes important. A field experiment with 18-year-old trees of Fagus sylvatica L. was conducted on provenance plot located in Tále (Central Slovakia), where physiological responses of five beech provenances originating from contrasting sites along an altitudinal gradient from 55 to 1100 m a.s.l. across the range of the natural beech distribution were studied. Stomatal characteristics, parameters of chlorophyll a fluorescence and gas exchange parameters were determined. Overall, we observed a significant increase in physiological performance at the leaf level with increasing altitude of origin. Provenances from the higher altitudes showed higher CO2 assimilation rate, stomatal density, potential conductance indices and photochemical efficiency, and lower capability for dissipation of energy by heat. A similar pattern of response was recorded in relation to the precipitation regime of sites of origin. Moreover, in the context of the temperature regime, several negative trends were observed.

  Keywords


Adaptation, Provenance Trial, Fagus sylvatica L., Chlorophyll a Fluorescence, Stomatal Traits, Gas Exchange

Authors’ address

(1)
Jana Kučerová
Eva Pšidová
Gabriela Jamnická
Kristína Slugenová
Lubica Ditmarová
Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Zvolen (Slovakia)
(2)
Alena Konôpková
Daniel Kurjak
Dušan Gömöry
Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen (Slovakia)

Corresponding author

 
Jana Kučerová
jmajerova8@gmail.com

Citation

Kučerová J, Konôpková A, Pšidová E, Kurjak D, Jamnická G, Slugenová K, Gömöry D, Ditmarová L (2018). Adaptive variation in physiological traits of beech provenances in Central Europe. iForest 11: 24-31. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2291-010

Academic Editor

Angelo Nolè

Paper history

Received: Nov 23, 2016
Accepted: Oct 12, 2017

First online: Jan 09, 2018
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2018
Publication Time: 2.97 months

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