*

Effects of different mechanical treatments on Quercus variabilis, Q. wutaishanica and Q. robur acorn germination

Yan Liu (1), Longyu Hou (2), Qingmei Li (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 6, Pages 728-734 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1423-008
Published: May 05, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Technical Reports


Delayed and uneven germination of acorns has a negative effect on seedling quality and yield in seedlings. To address this issue, the effects of different mechanical treatments were studied, including a control (CK), removal of cup scar (RS), removal of pericarp (RP), removal of pericarp and 1/2 of the cotyledon (HC) and removal of pericarp and 2/3 cotyledon (TC), on the germination of Quercus variabilis, Q. wutaishanica and Q. robur acorns and pericarp thickness. The results showed that (1) RP and HC treatments significantly decreased root and shoot mean germination time, increased rooting and shooting germination percentage, and improved the root and shoot synchronization and vigor indexes of the three species’ acorns; (2) the acorns from the TC treatment significantly reduced root and shoot mean germination time and significantly induced the root and shoot synchronization index for all three species; and (3) the RS treatment significantly reduced the root and shoot mean germination time of the three species. Therefore, RP and HC treatments can effectively accelerate germination and regular seedling, which are important in the propagation of Q. variabilis, Q. wutaishanica and Q. robur seedlings. Even and quick germination help reduce acorn predation.

  Keywords


Pericarp and Cotyledon Excision, Pericarp Thickness, Acorn Germination, Quercus wutaishanica

Authors’ address

(1)
Yan Liu
Qingmei Li
State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091 (China)
(2)
Longyu Hou
Grassland Science Department, Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193 (China)

Corresponding author

 
Qingmei Li
liqm99@163.com

Citation

Liu Y, Hou L, Li Q (2015). Effects of different mechanical treatments on Quercus variabilis, Q. wutaishanica and Q. robur acorn germination. iForest 8: 728-734. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1423-008

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Aug 06, 2014
Accepted: Jan 23, 2015

First online: May 05, 2015
Publication Date: Dec 01, 2015
Publication Time: 3.40 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 8998
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 6038
Abstract Page Views: 188
PDF Downloads: 2090
Citation/Reference Downloads: 11
XML Downloads: 671

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 1601
Overall contacts: 8998
Avg. contacts per week: 39.34

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2015): 1
Average cites per year: 0.20

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Andersson C, Frost I (1996)
Growth of Quercus robur seedlings after experimental grazing and cotyledon removal. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 45: 85-94.
Online | Gscholar
(2)
Bonner FT, Vozzo JA (1987)
Seed biology and technology of Quercus. General Technical Report SO-66, Southern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, New Orleans, USA, pp. 34.
Online | Gscholar
(3)
Bonner FT (1968)
Water uptake and germination of red oak acorns. Botanical Gazette 129: 83-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Brown RC, Mogensen HL (1972)
Late ovule and early embryo development in Quercus gambelii. American Journal of Botany 59: 311-316.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Dalling JW, Harms KE (1999)
Damage tolerance and cotyledonary resource use in the tropical tree Gustavia superba. Oikos 85 (2): 257.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Finch-Savage WE, Clay HA (1994)
Water relations of germination in the recalcitrant seeds of Quercus robur L. Seed Science Research 4: 315-322.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Frost I, Rydin H (1997)
Effects of competition, grazing and cotyledon nutrient supply on growth of Quercus robur seedlings. Oikos 79: 53-58.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Fukumoto H, Kajimura H (2000)
Effects of insect predation on hypocotyl survival and germination success of mature Quercus variabilis acorns. Journal of Forest Research 5: 31-34.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Giertych MJ, Suszka J (2010)
Influence of cutting off distal ends of Quercus robur acorns on seedling growth and their infection by the fungus Erysiphe alphitoides in different light conditions. Dendrobiology 64: 73-77.
Online | Gscholar
(10)
Giertych MJ, Suszka J (2011)
Consequences of cutting off distal ends of cotyledons of Quercus robur acorns before sowing. Annals of Forest Science 68: 433-442.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Hou X, Yi X, Yang Y, Liu W (2010)
Acorn germination and seedling survival of Q. variabilis: effects of cotyledon excision. Annals of Forest Science 67 (7): 711.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Hulme PE, Benkman CW (2002)
Granivory. In: “Plant-Animal Interactions: An Evolutionary Approach” (Herrera CM, Pellmyr O eds). Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 77-106.
Online | Gscholar
(13)
ISTA (1999)
Proceedings of the International Seed Testing Association. International rules for seed testing. Seed Science Technology 27: 1-333.
Gscholar
(14)
Kabeya D, Sakai S (2003)
The role of roots and cotyledons as storage organs in early stages of establishment in Quercus crispula: a quantitative analysis of the nonstructural carbohydrate in cotyledons and roots. Annals of Botany 92: 537 - 545.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Kennedy PG, Hausmann NJ, Wenk EH, Dawson TE (2004)
The importance of seed reserves for seedling performance: an integrated approach using morphological, physiological, and stable isotope techniques. Oecologia 141: 547-554.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Liu Y, Liu G, Li Q, Liu Y, Hou L, Li GL (2012)
Influence of pericarp, cotyledon and inhibitory substances on Sharp Tooth Oak (Quercus aliena var. acuteserrata) germination. PLoS One 7: e47682.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Nyandiga CO, McPherson GR (1992)
Germination of 2 warm-temperate oaks, Quercus emoryi and Quercus arizonica. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22: 1395-1401.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Peterson JK (1983)
Mechanisms involved in delayed germination of Quercus nigra L seeds. Annals of Botany 52: 81-92.
Online | Gscholar
(19)
Prewein C, Endemann M, Reinohl V, Salaj J, Sunderlikova V, Wilhelm E (2006)
Physiological and morphological characteristics during development of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) zygotic embryos. Trees 20: 53-60.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Rakić S, Povrenovic D, Tesevic V, Simic M, Maletic R (2006)
Oak acorn, polyphenols and antioxidant activity in functional food. Journal of Food Engineering 74: 416-423.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Ranal M, Santana DG (2006)
How and why to measure the germination process. Revista Brasileira de Botanica 29 (1): 1-11.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Shimada T (2001)
Nutrient compositions of acorns, and horse chestnuts in relation to seed-hoarding. Ecological Research 16 (4): 803-808.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(23)
Siemens DH, Lischke H, Maggiulli H, Schürchl, Roy BA (2003)
Cost of resistance and tolerance under competition: the defense-stress benefit hypothesis. Evolutionary Ecology 17 (3): 247-263.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Sobrino-Vesperinas E, Viviani AB (2000)
Pericarp micromorphology and dehydration characteristics of Quercus suber L. acorns. Seed Science Research 10: 401-407.
Online | Gscholar
(25)
Suszka B (2006)
Generative propagation. In: “Deby (Quercus robur L, Q. petraea (Matt) Liebl) - Nasze drzewa lesne Bogucki Wydawnic - two Naukowe” (Bugala W eds). Poznan, Poland, pp. 305-388.
Gscholar
(26)
Suszka B, Muller C, Bonnet-Masimbert M (2000)
Nasiona Drzew Lesnych. Odzbioru do siewu [Seeds of forest broadleaves from harvest to sowing]. PWN, Warszawa-Poznan, Poland, pp. 307. [in Polish]
Gscholar
(27)
Takahashi A, Ichihara Y, Isagi Y, Shimada T (2010)
Effects of acorn tannin content on infection by the fungus Ciboria batschiana. Forest Pathology 40: 96-99.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Yi XF, Yang YQ (2010)
Large acorns benefit seedling recruitment by satiating weevil larvae in Quercus aliena. Plant Ecology 209: 291-300.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Yi X, Zhang Z (2008)
Influence of insect-infested cotyledons on early seedling growth of Mongolian oak, Quercus mongolica. Photosynthetica 46: 139-142.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website