iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Assessing Pinus pinea L. resilience to three consecutive droughts in central-western Italian Peninsula

Sergio Piraino   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 246-250 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3320-013
Published: Jun 19, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Short Communications

Climate projections for the Mediterranean area forecast drier and hotter conditions and increasing trend in extreme climatic events such as drought. Scientific evidences reported that extreme dry spells affected the stem growth of different Mediterranean low-elevational pine forests inducing a decrease in tree resilience, defined as the capacity to resist to environmental stress and to recover pre-disturbance functioning. Despite its ecological and economic importance, thus far no study examined Pinus pinea L. (stone pine) resilience to drought events. This research reconstructed stone pine resilience by considering resistance, recovery, and the proportion of trees showing high values of both indexes of several planted stands to three consecutive spring-summer droughts occurred during the second half of the 20th century. Local climatic conditions during dry spells modulated the species resistance and recovery. In this sense, wetter conditions promoted recovery, whereas warmer spring-summer affected stone pine resistance. Moreover, spring rather than summer droughts influenced stone pine resistance and recovery, confirming the species sensitivity to climatic conditions at the beginning of the growing season. Results indicated that while recovery did not significantly changed, the species resistance diminished along the analyzed period. Furthermore, more than 60% of the examined trees were not able to reach pre-drought growth, suggesting a moderate resilience of P. pinea to adverse climatic conditions. The results contribute to improve our understanding of stone pine growth dynamics in the climate-change context of increasing aridity actually occurring in the Mediterranean area, providing useful information for the sustainable management of these natural resources.


Climate Change, Disturbance, Dry Spell, Tree Growth

Authors’ address

Sergio Piraino 0000-0001-9866-2421
Cátedra de Dasonomía, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Almirante Brown 500, Chacras de Coría - Luján de Cuyo, CPA M5528AHB Mendoza (Argentina)

Corresponding author

Sergio Piraino


Piraino S (2020). Assessing Pinus pinea L. resilience to three consecutive droughts in central-western Italian Peninsula. iForest 13: 246-250. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3320-013

Academic Editor

Tamir Klein

Paper history

Received: Dec 09, 2019
Accepted: Apr 15, 2020

First online: Jun 19, 2020
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2020
Publication Time: 2.17 months

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