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Photosynthesis of three evergreen broad-leaved tree species, Castanopsis sieboldii, Quercus glauca, and Q. myrsinaefolia, under elevated ozone

Makoto Watanabe (1)   , Yoshiyuki Kinose (1-2), Takeshi Izuta (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 360-366 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2493-011
Published: May 04, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


The main goal of this study was to obtain detailed information on photosynthetic responses of evergreen broad-leaved tree species to ozone (O3). For this, two-year-old seedlings of Castanopsis sieboldii, Quercus glauca, and Q. myrsinaefolia were grown for one growing season, from 15 May to 27 October 2014 under three levels of gas treatments, charcoal-filtered air and 1.0 time and 1.5 times ambient O3 concentrations. We analysed the intercellular CO2 concentration-response curve of the net photosynthetic rate, i.e., the A/Ci curve, in July and October, and growth measurement was carried out at the end of the experiment in October. We observed a difference in O3 susceptibility among the species. Negative effects of O3 were observed on the growth and photosynthetic traits of C. sieboldii, while no significant effects on these traits were noted in the two Quercus species. The decrease in light-saturated net photosynthetic rate (Asat) of C. sieboldii under elevated O3 was accompanied with a significant decrease in the maximum rate of carboxylation (Vcmax). Decreases of leaf nitrogen content and nitrogen use efficiency to Rubisco are considered as factors contributing to lower Vcmax in C. sieboldii seedlings under elevated O3. In addition to the decrease in Vcmax, O3 exposure induced marginal increase of stomatal limitation of photosynthesis. These results indicate that both biochemical and diffusion processes in photosynthesis are responsible for the decrease in Asat of C. sieboldii under elevated O3.

  Keywords


Ozone, Photosynthesis, Biochemical Limitation of Photosynthesis, Stomatal Closure, Evergreen Broad-leaved Tree Species

Authors’ address

(1)
Makoto Watanabe
Yoshiyuki Kinose
Takeshi Izuta
Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509 (Japan)
(2)
Yoshiyuki Kinose
Graduate Faculty of Interdisciplinary Research, University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi 400-8510 (Japan)

Corresponding author

 
Makoto Watanabe
nab0602@cc.tuat.ac.jp

Citation

Watanabe M, Kinose Y, Izuta T (2018). Photosynthesis of three evergreen broad-leaved tree species, Castanopsis sieboldii, Quercus glauca, and Q. myrsinaefolia, under elevated ozone. iForest 11: 360-366. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2493-011

Academic Editor

Silvano Fares

Paper history

Received: May 17, 2017
Accepted: Feb 25, 2018

First online: May 04, 2018
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2018
Publication Time: 2.27 months

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