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Effects of nitrogen loading under low and high phosphorus conditions on above- and below-ground growth of hybrid larch F1 seedlings

Saki Fujita (1), Xiaona Wang (2), Kazuhito Kita (3), Takayoshi Koike (4)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 32-40 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2395-010
Published: Jan 09, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles


Under present environmental conditions, hybrid larch F1 (Larix gmelinii var. japonica × Larix kaempferi) is a promising afforestation species as it has a high growth rate and tolerance against grazing damage, disease and cold. However, the input of nitrogen (N) to forests due to the increase of anthropogenic N is causing imbalances of N compared to other nutrients, especially phosphorus (P), thus affecting the root growth of healthy seedlings. However, knowledge on how different N and P conditions affect F1 root growth is still limited. In this study, various N (3 levels) and P (no addition and addition) conditions were imposed to investigate the effect of N loading on larch F1 seedlings under different P conditions. Needle N: P ratio, aboveground growth, belowground growth as well as fine root production were measured. The results showed that needle N: P ratio was higher under low P loading, and aboveground growth of seedlings increased with N loading at both low and high P conditions. Relative fine root production was decreased by N loading. On the other hand, fine root to total dry proportion was increased by N loading at no P addition, suggesting that limited P availability could increase fine root production. Total root proportion to total dry mass was decreased by N loading at both P conditions. We concluded that N loading has different effects on above- and below-ground growth of larch F1 and its effects may also differ according to P conditions, indicating that both N and P conditions should be carefully considered when planting hybrid larch F1.

  Keywords


Nitrogen Deposition, Phosphorus, Fine Root Production, N: P Ratio, Hybrid Larch F1

Authors’ address

(1)
Saki Fujita
Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589 (Japan)
(2)
Xiaona Wang
Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071-000 (China)
(3)
Kazuhito Kita
Forestry Research Institute, Hokkaido Research Organization, Bibai 079-0198 (Japan)
(4)
Takayoshi Koike
Research faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589 (Japan)

Corresponding author

 

Citation

Fujita S, Wang X, Kita K, Koike T (2018). Effects of nitrogen loading under low and high phosphorus conditions on above- and below-ground growth of hybrid larch F1 seedlings. iForest 11: 32-40. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2395-010

Academic Editor

Giustino Tonon

Paper history

Received: Feb 07, 2017
Accepted: Nov 18, 2017

First online: Jan 09, 2018
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2018
Publication Time: 1.73 months

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