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Influence of pH, nitrogen and sulphur deposition on species composition of lowland and montane coniferous communities in the Tatrzanski and Slowinski National Parks, Poland

Aldona Katarzyna Uzieblo (1)   , Tomasz Staszewski (2), Damian Chmura (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 141-148 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2203-012
Published: Feb 27, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Research Articles


Nitrogen and sulphur deposition is considered as a negative factor for biodiversity, usually leading to changes in species composition and structure of plant communities, and ultimately to the impoverishment of biodiversity. In this study we investigated the variation over time (2001, 2006, 2011) in species composition and structure of the understory vegetation at varying levels of sulphur and nitrogen deposition in two conifer plantations (>100 year-old) growing in different climate areas of Poland (Scots pine at the Slowinski National Park, northern seaside; Norway spruce at the Tatrzanski National Park, southern mountains). The structure of the floor vegetation at both sites changed markedly during the studied decade, as clearly confirmed by principal component analysis. Among the environmental variables analyzed (NH4+, NO3-, SO42-, pH in the throughfall and in soil solution sampled at two different depths), only nitrates were non-significantly correlated with PC axes. The results confirmed the negative effects of the concentration of both elements on undergrowth and tree recruitment in the coastal stand (Empetro nigri-Pinetum). On the other hand, in the mountain stand (Abieti-Piceetum) we observed an increase over time of nitrophilous species typical of the beech forest, which represent the natural vegetation of this area, suggesting a gradual natural restoration of the native vegetation in the long run.

  Keywords


Nitrogen Deposition, Sulphur Deposition, Climatic Changes, Coniferous Communities, Biodiversity

Authors’ address

(1)
Aldona Katarzyna Uzieblo
University of Silesia, Department of Ecology, 28 Jagiellonska St., 40-032 Katowice (Poland)
(2)
Tomasz Staszewski
Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas, 6 Kossutha St., 40-844 Katowice (Poland)
(3)
Damian Chmura
University of Bielsko-Biala, Department of Ecology and Nature Conservation, 2 Willowa St., 43-309 Bielsko-Biala (Poland)

Corresponding author

 
Aldona Katarzyna Uzieblo
aldona.uzieblo@us.edu.pl

Citation

Uzieblo AK, Staszewski T, Chmura D (2019). Influence of pH, nitrogen and sulphur deposition on species composition of lowland and montane coniferous communities in the Tatrzanski and Slowinski National Parks, Poland. iForest 12: 141-148. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2203-012

Academic Editor

Giustino Tonon

Paper history

Received: Aug 21, 2016
Accepted: Jan 12, 2019

First online: Feb 27, 2019
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2019
Publication Time: 1.53 months

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