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Effects of understory removal on root production, turnover and total belowground carbon allocation in Moso bamboo forests

Xiaolu Tang (1), Shaohui Fan (1)   , Lianghua Qi (1), Fengying Guan (1), Guanglu Liu (1), Manyi Du (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 187-194 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1674-008
Published: Nov 20, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles


Although the role of roots has been highlighted in carbon and nutrient cycles in forest ecosystems, root production, turnover and total belowground carbon allocation (TBCA) under different management regimes in Moso bamboo forests have not been determined to date. In this study, sequential soil cores were collected at two soil depths (0-20 cm and 20-40 cm) to assess the effects of understory removal on root production, turnover, and TBCA in Moso bamboo forests in subtropical China. A total of 1080 sequential soil cores were collected from April 2011 to March 2012. Understory removal significantly reduced fine root biomass and production for both soil layers (p < 0.05). Total fine root biomass was 781.9, 419.2, and 638.7 g m-2 for an unmanaged stand (stand I), pesticide-treated stand (stand II), and hand-weeded stand (stand III), and fine root production was 467.5, 235.1, and 321.6 g m-2 a-1, respectively. Understory removal did not significantly affect fine root turnover (0.5-0.6 a-1). Fine root turnover showed a strong relationship with fine root production, but not with fine root biomass, indicating that fine root production was the main driver of fine root turnover. TBCA calculated from the component cumulative approach was in order of stand I (481.9 g C m-2 a-1) > stand II (457.7 g C m-2 a-1) > stand III (404.9 g C m-2 a-1), though the differences were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, TBCA calculated from the mass balance approach showed a reverse trend compared to the component cumulative approach. The TBCA of stand III was significantly higher than that of stand I and stand II (p < 0.05), demonstrating that the belowground process is complex and standardizing the method of estimation of TBCA is extremely important in global carbon cycle modeling.

  Keywords


Fine Root, Coarse Root, Production, TBCA, Moso Bamboo Forest

Authors’ address

(1)
Xiaolu Tang
Shaohui Fan
Lianghua Qi
Fengying Guan
Guanglu Liu
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo andRattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102 (China)
(2)
Manyi Du
Experimental Center ofForestry in North China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, No. 1 Shuizaxilu, Mentougou, Beijing102300 (China)

Corresponding author

 
Shaohui Fan
fansh@icbr.ac.cn

Citation

Tang X, Fan S, Qi L, Guan F, Liu G, Du M (2015). Effects of understory removal on root production, turnover and total belowground carbon allocation in Moso bamboo forests. iForest 9: 187-194. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1674-008

Academic Editor

Arthur Gessler

Paper history

Received: Apr 13, 2015
Accepted: Aug 17, 2015

First online: Nov 20, 2015
Publication Date: Apr 26, 2016
Publication Time: 3.17 months

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