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Carbohydrate metabolism during new root growth in transplanted Larix olgensis seedlings: post-transplant response to nursery-applied inorganic fertilizer and organic amendment

Hongxu Wei (1), Peng Guo (2)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 15-22 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1988-009
Published: Sep 22, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles


Sustainable agriculture often requires the incorporation of organic matter into cultural protocols as an amendment to mitigate problems caused by chemical inputs, but the responses of transplanted seedlings to such additions have not been well quantified. In this study, bare-root Changbai larch (Larix olgensis Henry) seedlings were applied with 100 or 200 kg nitrogen (N) ha-1 of inorganic fertilizer with or without chicken manure added at a rate of 10.000 kg ha-1 during nursery cultivation, obtaining four treatment combinations designated as F100+, F200+, F100-, and F200-, respectively. Over-winter seedlings were transplanted into pots and placed in a growth chamber, where the carbohydrate metabolism, biomass accumulation, root respiration, and new root number were quantified. Both initial soluble sugar and total non-structural carbohydrate (TNC) accumulation were the lowest in the F100+ treatment. However, two months later, root soluble sugar content was the highest in this treatment, while coarse-root (diameter > 2mm) carbohydrate content was the highest in the low rate of inorganic fertilizer treatment. During the two-month post-transplant period, the net carbohydrate accumulation rate (NCAR) for starch was negative for all treatments, but the NCAR value for soluble sugars was the highest in the F100+ treatment at both the root and whole-plant scales. Relative to the F200- treatment, the NCAR value for soluble sugars, final sugar content, and biomass accumulation in coarse roots, respiration rate of fine roots (diameter ≤ 2 mm), and new root number were all greater in the F100+ treatment, while new root number was increased by organic matter additions. In conclusion, the use of chicken manure as an organic amendment had the potential to enhance transplanted larch seedling performance by improving post-transplant new root number, but this application must be considered within the context of the interaction between organic amendment treatments and inorganic fertilizer applications.

  Keywords


Changbai Larch, Organic Additive, Mineral Fertilizer, New Root Egress, Starch, Soluble Sugars

Authors’ address

(1)
Hongxu Wei
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun City, Jilin Province, 130102 (China)
(2)
Peng Guo
Environment and Resources College, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian City, Liaoning Province, 116600 (China)

Corresponding author

 
Peng Guo
gp@dlnu.edu.cn

Citation

Wei H, Guo P (2016). Carbohydrate metabolism during new root growth in transplanted Larix olgensis seedlings: post-transplant response to nursery-applied inorganic fertilizer and organic amendment. iForest 10: 15-22. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1988-009

Academic Editor

Claudia Cocozza

Paper history

Received: Jan 19, 2016
Accepted: Jun 21, 2016

First online: Sep 22, 2016
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 3.10 months

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