iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Thinning effects on soil and microbial respiration in a coppice-originated Carpinus betulus L. stand in Turkey

Serdar Akburak, Ender Makineci   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 783-790 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1810-009
Published: May 29, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: IUFRO division 8.02 - Mendel University Brno (Czech Republic) 2015
Coppice forests: past, present and future
Guest Editors: Tomas Vrska, Renzo Motta, Alex Mosseler

Effects of thinning on soil respiration and microbial respiration were examined over a 2-year period (2010-2012) in a coppice-originated European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) stand in Istanbul, Turkey. Four plots within the stand were selected; tree density was reduced by 50% of the basal area in two plots (thinning treatment), and the other two plots served as controls. The study focused on the main factors that affect soil respiration (RS) and microbial respiration on the forest floor (RFFM) and in soil (RSM): soil temperature (TS), soil moisture (MS), soil carbon (C), soil nitrogen (N), soil pH, ground cover biomass (GC), forest floor mass (FF), forest floor carbon (FFC) and nitrogen (FFN), and fine root biomass (FRB). Every 2 months, soil respiration was measured using the soda-lime method, and microbial respiration was measured with the incubation method separately for the soil and forest floor. Results were evaluated yearly and over the 2-year research period. During the first year after treatment, RS was significantly higher (11%) in the thinned plots (1.76 g C m-2 d-1) than in the controls (1.59 g C m-2 d-1). However, there were no significant differences in either the second year or the 2-year study period. In the thinned plots during the research period, RS was linearly correlated with GC, Ts and FRB. Thinning treatments did not affect RSM, but interestingly, they did affect RFFM, which was greater in the control plots than in the thinned plots. RSM had a significant and positive correlation with soil N and soil pH, while RFFM was linearly correlated with FFC and C/N ratio of the forest floor in both thinned and control plots during the research period.


CO2 Flux, Fine Root, Forest Floor, Ground Cover, Soil Temperature, Soil Moisture

Authors’ address

Serdar Akburak
Ender Makineci
Istanbul University, Faculty of Forestry, Soil Science and Ecology Department, 34473 Bahcekoy, Sariyer, Istanbul (Turkey)

Corresponding author

Ender Makineci


Akburak S, Makineci E (2016). Thinning effects on soil and microbial respiration in a coppice-originated Carpinus betulus L. stand in Turkey. iForest 9: 783-790. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1810-009

Academic Editor

Tomas Vrska

Paper history

Received: Aug 12, 2015
Accepted: Apr 04, 2016

First online: May 29, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 1.83 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 42939
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 35853
Abstract Page Views: 2283
PDF Downloads: 3641
Citation/Reference Downloads: 41
XML Downloads: 1121

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2949
Overall contacts: 42939
Avg. contacts per week: 101.92

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2016): 18
Average cites per year: 2.25


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Akburak S (2013)
The effects of thinning on soil respiration and microbial respiration in oak and hornbeam stands. PhD thesis, Science Institute, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 39-52. [in Turkish with English summary]
Akburak S, Makineci E (2015)
Effects of thinning on soil respiration and microbial respiration of forest floor and soil in an oak (Quercus frainetto) forest. Soil Research 53 (5): 522-530.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Alef K, Nannipieri P (1995)
Estimation of microbial activites. In: “Methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry”. Academic press, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 214-216.
Alvarez S, Ortiz C, Díaz-Pinés E, Rubio A (2014)
Influence of tree species composition, thinning intensity and climate change on carbon sequestration in Mediterranean mountain forests: a case study using the CO2 Fix model. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change: 1-14.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ananyeva ND, Susyan EA, Chernova OV, Wirth S (2008)
Microbial respiration activities of soils from different climatic regions of European Russia. European Journal of Soil Biology 44 (2): 147-157.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Burton A, Pregitzer K, Ruess R, Hendrick R, Allen M (2002)
Root respiration in North American forests: effects of nitrogen concentration and temperature across biomes. Oecologia 131 (4): 559-568.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Campbell J, Alberti G, Martin J, Law B (2009)
Carbon dynamics of a ponderosa pine plantation following a thinning treatment in the northern Sierra Nevada. Forest Ecology and Management 257 (2): 453-463.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Campbell JL, Harmon ME, Mitchell SR (2012)
Can fuel-reduction treatments really increase forest carbon storage in the western US by reducing future fire emissions? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10 (2): 83-90.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Cheng X, Han H, Kang F, Liu K, Song Y, Zhou B, Li Y (2014)
Short-term effects of thinning on soil respiration in a pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) plantation. Biology and Fertility of Soils 50 (2): 357-367.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Conant RT, Dalla-Betta P, Klopatek CC, Klopatek JM (2004)
Controls on soil respiration in semiarid soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 36 (6): 945-951.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Dias ATC, Van Ruijven J, Berendse F (2010)
Plant species richness regulates soil respiration through changes in productivity. Oecologia 163 (3): 805-813.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Dore S, Montes Helu M, Hart SC, Hungate BA, Koch GW, Moon JB, Finkral AJ, Kolb TE (2012)
Recovery of ponderosa pine ecosystem carbon and water fluxes from thinning and stand’€ replacing fire. Global Change Biology 18 (10): 3171-3185.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Fu X, Shao M, Wei X, Wang H (2013)
Soil respiration as affected by vegetation types in a semiarid region of China. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 59 (5): 715-726.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Giai C, Boerner REJ (2007)
Effects of ecological restoration on microbial activity, microbial functional diversity, and soil organic matter in mixed-oak forests of southern Ohio, USA. Applied Soil Ecology 35 (2): 281-290.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gong JR, Wang Y, Liu M, Huang Y, Yan X, Zhang Z, Zhang W (2014)
Effects of land use on soil respiration in the temperate steppe of Inner Mongolia, China. Soil and Tillage Research 144: 20-31.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Goulden ML, Crill PM (1997)
Automated measurements of CO2 exchange at the moss surface of a black spruce forest. Tree Physiology 17 (8-9): 537-542.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Grady KC, Hart SC (2006)
Influences of thinning, prescribed burning, and wildfire on soil processes and properties in southwestern ponderosa pine forests: a retrospective study. Forest Ecology and Management 234 (1): 123-135.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Graf A, Herbst M, Weihermüller L, Huisman JA, Prolingheuer N, Bornemann L, Vereecken H (2012)
Analyzing spatiotemporal variability of heterotrophic soil respiration at the field scale using orthogonal functions. Geoderma 181-182: 91-101.
CrossRef | Gscholar
IUSS Working Group WRB (2006)
World reference base for soil resources 2006. World Soil Resources Reports 103, FAO, Rome, Italy, pp. 145.
Joo SJ, Park SU, Park MS, Lee CS (2012)
Estimation of soil respiration using automated chamber systems in an oak (Quercus mongolica) forest at the Nam-San site in Seoul, Korea. The Science of the Total Environment 416: 400-409.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Keith H, Jacobsen K, Raison R (1997)
Effects of soil phosphorus availability, temperature and moisture on soil respiration in Eucalyptus pauciflora forest. Plant and Soil 190 (1): 127-141.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kolari P, Pumpanen J, Kulmala L, Ilvesniemi H, Nikinmaa E, Grönholm T, Hari P (2006)
Forest floor vegetation plays an important role in photosynthetic production of boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management 221 (1): 241-248.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Laughlin DC, Moore MM, Bakker JD, Casey CA, Springer JD, Fulé PZ, Covington WW (2006)
Assessing targets for the restoration of herbaceous vegetation in ponderosa pine forests. Restoration Ecology 14 (4): 548-560.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lavelle P, Spain AV (2001)
Soil organisms. In: “Soil ecology”. Springer, Netherlands, pp. 211.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Law BE, Baldocchi DD, Anthoni PM (1999)
Below-canopy and soil CO2 fluxes in a ponderosa pine forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94 (3): 171-188.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lee MS, Nakane K, Nakatsubo T, Koizumi H (2005)
The importance of root respiration in annual soil carbon fluxes in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 134 (1): 95-101.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Liang F, Ma L, Jia Z, Wang X, You W, Wang W, Wang K (2012)
Aboveground and root carbon stocks for Chinese arborvitae plantation following different silvicultural thinning. Energy Procedia 14: 913-918.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lindo Z, Visser S (2003)
Microbial biomass, nitrogen and phosphorus mineralization, and mesofauna in boreal conifer and deciduous forest floors following partial and clear-cut harvesting. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33 (9): 1610-1620.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Londo A, Messina M, Schoenholtz S (1999)
Forest harvesting effects on soil temperature, moisture, and respiration in a bottomland hardwood forest. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63 (3): 637-644.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Luo Y, Zhou X (2006)
Soil respiration and the environment. Academic press, San Diego, CA, USA. pp. 328.
Lützow MV, Kögel KL, Ekschmitt K, Matzner E, Guggenberger G, Marschner B, Flessa H (2006)
Stabilization of organic matter in temperate soils: mechanisms and their relevance under different soil conditions-a review. European Journal of Soil Science 57 (4): 426-445.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Makineci E (2005)
Long term effects of thinning on soil and forest floor in a sessile oak (Quercus petreae (Matlusch) Lieb.) Forest. Journal of Environmental Biology 26 (2): 257-263.
Online | Gscholar
Makineci E, Ozdemir E, Caliskan S, Yilmaz E, Kumbasli M, Keten A, Beskardes V, Zengin H, Yilmaz H (2015)
Ecosystem carbon pools of coppice-originated oak forests at different development stages. European Journal of Forest Research 134 (2): 319-333.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mäkiranta P, Minkkinen K, Hytönen J, Laine J (2008)
Factors causing temporal and spatial variation in heterotrophic and rhizospheric components of soil respiration in afforested organic soil croplands in Finland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40 (7): 1592-1600.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mariani L, Chang SX, Kabzems R (2006)
Effects of tree harvesting, forest floor removal, and compaction on soil microbial biomass, microbial respiration, and N availability in a boreal aspen forest in British Columbia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38 (7): 1734-1744.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Misson L, Tang J, Xu M, McKay M, Goldstein A (2005)
Influences of recovery from clear-cut, climate variability, and thinning on the carbon balance of a young ponderosa pine plantation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 130 (3): 207-222.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moore MM, Casey CA, Bakker JD, Springer JD, Fulé PZ, Covington WW, Laughlin DC (2006)
Herbaceous vegetation responses (1992-2004) to restoration treatments in a ponderosa pine forest. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59 (2): 135-144.
CrossRef | Gscholar
OGM (2014)
Forests of Turkey. Turkish Ministry of Forest and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Forestry, Ankara, Turkey, pp. 25. [in Turkish]
Olajuyigbe S, Tobin B, Saunders M, Nieuwenhuis M (2012)
Forest thinning and soil respiration in a Sitka spruce forest in Ireland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 157: 86-95.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Pang X, Bao W, Zhu B, Cheng W (2013)
Responses of soil respiration and its temperature sensitivity to thinning in a pine plantation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 171: 57-64.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Parkin TB, Kaspar TC (2003)
Temperature controls on diurnal carbon dioxide flux. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67 (6): 1763-1772.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Rodeghiero M, Cescatti A (2006)
Indirect partitioning of soil respiration in a series of evergreen forest ecosystems. Plant and Soil 284 (1-2): 7-22.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ryu SR, Concilio A, Chen J, North M, Ma S (2009)
Prescribed burning and mechanical thinning effects on belowground conditions and soil respiration in a mixed-conifer forest, California. Forest Ecology and Management 257 (4): 1324-1332.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Selig M, Seiler J (2004)
Soil CO2 efflux trends following the thinning of a 22-year-old loblolly pine plantation on the piedmont of Virginia. General Technical Report SRS-71, Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Asheville, NC, USA, pp. 469-472.
Online | Gscholar
Silver WL, Vogt KA (1993)
Fine root dynamics following single and multiple disturbances in a subtropical wet forest ecosystem. The Journal of Ecology 81 (4): 729.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Son Y, Jun YC, Lee YY, Kim RH, Yang SY (2004)
Soil carbon dioxide evolution, litter decomposition, and nitrogen availability four years after thinning in a Japanese larch plantation. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 35 (7-8): 1111-1122.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sullivan B, Kolb T, Hart S, Kaye J, Dore S, Montes-Helu M (2008)
Thinning reduces soil carbon dioxide but not methane flux from southwestern USA ponderosa pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 255 (12): 4047-4055.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tang J, Qi Y, Xu M, Misson L, Goldstein AH (2005)
Forest thinning and soil respiration in a ponderosa pine plantation in the Sierra Nevada. Tree Physiology 25 (1): 57-66.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tian DL, Peng Y-Y, Yan W-D, Fang X, Kang W-X, Wang G-J, Chen X-Y (2010)
Effects of thinning and litter fall removal on fine root production and soil organic carbon content in Masson pine plantations. Pedosphere 20 (4): 486-493.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Traoré S, Thiombiano L, Millogo JR, Guinko S (2007)
Carbon and nitrogen enhancement in Cambisols and Vertisols by Acacia spp. in eastern Burkina Faso: relation to soil respiration and microbial biomass. Applied Soil Ecology 35 (3): 660-669.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tufekcioglu A, Raich J, Isenhart T, Schultz R (2003)
Biomass, carbon and nitrogen dynamics of multi-species riparian buffers within an agricultural watershed in Iowa, USA. Agroforestry Systems 57 (3): 187-198.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tufekcioglu A, Guner S, Tilki F (2005)
Thinning effects on production, root biomass and some soil properties in a young oriental beech stand in Artvin, Turkey. Journal of environmental biology/Academy of Environmental Biology, India 26 (1): 91-95.
Online | Gscholar
Vesala T, Suni T, Rannik U, Keronen P, Markkanen T, Sevanto S, Grönholm T, Smolander S, Kulmala M, Ilvesniemi H, Ojansuu R, Uotila A, Levula J, Mäkelä A, Pumpanen J, Kolari P, Kulmala L, Altimir N, Berninger F, Nikinmaa E, Hari P (2005)
Effect of thinning on surface fluxes in a boreal forest. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19 (2): 1-11.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Wiseman PE, Seiler JR (2004)
Soil CO2 efflux across four age classes of plantation loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) on the Virginia Piedmont. Forest Ecology and Management 192 (2): 297-311.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Wu Z, Guan L, Chen B, Yang C, Lan G, Xie G, Zhou Z (2013)
Components of soil respiration and its monthly dynamics in rubber plantation ecosystems. In: Proceedings of the “4th International Conference on Digital Manufacturing and Automation” (ICDMA). Qingdao (China), 29-30 Jun 2013. IEEE, pp. 361-369.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info