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Thinning effects on soil and microbial respiration in a coppice-originated Carpinus betulus L. stand in Turkey

Serdar Akburak, Ender Makineci   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 783-790 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1810-009
Published: May 29, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: IUFRO division 8.02 - Mendel University Brno (Czech Republic) 2015
Coppice forests: past, present and future
Guest Editors: Tomas Vrska, Renzo Motta, Alex Mosseler


Effects of thinning on soil respiration and microbial respiration were examined over a 2-year period (2010-2012) in a coppice-originated European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) stand in Istanbul, Turkey. Four plots within the stand were selected; tree density was reduced by 50% of the basal area in two plots (thinning treatment), and the other two plots served as controls. The study focused on the main factors that affect soil respiration (RS) and microbial respiration on the forest floor (RFFM) and in soil (RSM): soil temperature (TS), soil moisture (MS), soil carbon (C), soil nitrogen (N), soil pH, ground cover biomass (GC), forest floor mass (FF), forest floor carbon (FFC) and nitrogen (FFN), and fine root biomass (FRB). Every 2 months, soil respiration was measured using the soda-lime method, and microbial respiration was measured with the incubation method separately for the soil and forest floor. Results were evaluated yearly and over the 2-year research period. During the first year after treatment, RS was significantly higher (11%) in the thinned plots (1.76 g C m-2 d-1) than in the controls (1.59 g C m-2 d-1). However, there were no significant differences in either the second year or the 2-year study period. In the thinned plots during the research period, RS was linearly correlated with GC, Ts and FRB. Thinning treatments did not affect RSM, but interestingly, they did affect RFFM, which was greater in the control plots than in the thinned plots. RSM had a significant and positive correlation with soil N and soil pH, while RFFM was linearly correlated with FFC and C/N ratio of the forest floor in both thinned and control plots during the research period.

  Keywords


CO2 Flux, Fine Root, Forest Floor, Ground Cover, Soil Temperature, Soil Moisture

Authors’ address

(1)
Serdar Akburak
Ender Makineci
Istanbul University, Faculty of Forestry, Soil Science and Ecology Department, 34473 Bahcekoy, Sariyer, Istanbul (Turkey)

Corresponding author

 
Ender Makineci
emak@istanbul.edu.tr

Citation

Akburak S, Makineci E (2016). Thinning effects on soil and microbial respiration in a coppice-originated Carpinus betulus L. stand in Turkey. iForest 9: 783-790. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1810-009

Academic Editor

Tomas Vrska

Paper history

Received: Aug 12, 2015
Accepted: Apr 04, 2016

First online: May 29, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 1.83 months

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