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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Effects of drought and nutrient deficiency on grafts originating from sound and shaken sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa Mill.)

Celestin Mutabaruka (1), Hadrian F Cook (2), G Peter Buckley (3)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 109-114 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1572-008
Published: Jul 19, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles


Scions taken from felled, shaken or sound sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa Mill.) were grafted and grown for one year in a polythene tunnel in order to compare their responses to water and nutrient stresses. Phenological characteristics of the original trees were strongly reproduced in the grafts grown both in this controlled environment and later on in the field. Grafts originating from shaken trees flushed up to six days later, senesced earlier and produced larger spring vessels. Artificially imposed drought reduced stomatal densities by 5.6% and xylem vessel diameters by up to 35%. Fertiliser additions significantly increased stem increments and promoted earlier flowering, with hermaphrodite flowering filaments more common in grafts from shaken trees. It is considered that, because of their larger spring vessels, shaken trees may be more vulnerable to cavitation and therefore to drought, even though moisture stress is mitigated by some plasticity in earlywood vessel diameter.

  Keywords


Shake Defect, Castanea Sativa, Moisture Stress, Soil Fertility

Authors’ address

(1)
Celestin Mutabaruka
51 Hurst Road, Ashford, Kent TN24 9RS (UK)
(2)
Hadrian F Cook
40 Milton Road, East Harnham, Salisbury SP2 8AX (UK)
(3)
G Peter Buckley
8 Long Row, Mersham, Ashford, Kent TN25 7HD (UK)

Corresponding author

Citation

Mutabaruka C, Cook HF, Buckley GP (2015). Effects of drought and nutrient deficiency on grafts originating from sound and shaken sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa Mill.). iForest 9: 109-114. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1572-008

Academic Editor

Tamir Klein

Paper history

Received: Jan 23, 2015
Accepted: Jun 03, 2015

First online: Jul 19, 2015
Publication Date: Feb 21, 2016
Publication Time: 1.53 months

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