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Fungal community of necrotic and healthy galls in chestnut trees colonized by Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae)

E Jordán Muñoz-Adalia (1)   , Daniel Rodríguez (2), María Casado (2), Julio Diez (3-4), Mercedes Fernández (2-4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 411-417 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3014-012
Published: Aug 13, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Research Articles


Dryocosmus kuriphilus is a non-native pest that has recently spread through Europe with a special incidence along the Mediterranean Basin. The presence of this exotic wasp (originally from Asia) threatens stands and orchards of sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) as it reduces tree growth and consequently fruit production. In this study the living mycobiota in leaves, healthy and necrotic galls collected from two sites in Cantabria (Northern Spain) was investigated. A total of twenty-two fungal taxa based on morphological and molecular traits were determined. In addition, we calculated fungal diversity and identified the dominant taxa among members of the mycobiota. Seven log-linear models were used to analyse whether fungal abundance varied between sites, types of plant material or fungal taxa. Our findings highlight the complex interactions between plant hosts, insect and the endophytic community, and are of potential interest in relation to the biological control of this important pest.

  Keywords


ACGW, Biological Control, Castanea sativa, Endophytic Fungi, Entomopathogens, Fungal Community, Necrotic Gall

Authors’ address

(1)
E Jordán Muñoz-Adalia 0000-0002-0900-6981
Forest Sciences Center of Catalonia (CTFC), Carretera St. Llorenç de Morunys, km.2, 25280 Solsona (Spain)
(2)
Daniel Rodríguez
María Casado
Mercedes Fernández
Department of Agroforestry Sciences, University of Valladolid. Avenida de Madrid 44, 34071 Palencia (Spain)
(3)
Julio Diez 0000-0003-0558-8141
Department of Vegetal Production and Forest Resources, University of Valladolid. Avenida de Madrid 44, 34071 Palencia (Spain)
(4)
Julio Diez 0000-0003-0558-8141
Mercedes Fernández
Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid - INIA, Avenida de Madrid 44, 34071 Palencia (Spain)

Corresponding author

 
E Jordán Muñoz-Adalia
e.jordan.munoz.adalia@gmail.com

Citation

Muñoz-Adalia EJ, Rodríguez D, Casado M, Diez J, Fernández M (2019). Fungal community of necrotic and healthy galls in chestnut trees colonized by Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). iForest 12: 411-417. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3014-012

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Dec 01, 2018
Accepted: Jun 06, 2019

First online: Aug 13, 2019
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2019
Publication Time: 2.27 months

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