*

Growth dynamics and productivity of pure and mixed Castanea sativa Mill. and Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco plantations in northern Portugal

Leónia Nunes (1)   , Stith T Gower (4), Maria L Monteiro (5), Domingos Lopes (2), Francisco C Rego (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 92-102 (2014)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1087-007
Published: Dec 18, 2013 - Copyright © 2014 SISEF

Research Articles


Since the late 1980’s the productivity of monocultures versus mixed-species forests has been the object of special interest and study by forest managers and ecologists. All over the world mixed plantations have been established in different proportions to analyse if mixtures can provide greater yields and more benefits than monocultures of the component species and also to understand if they can be an interesting economic option. An experimental design trial was set up in the north of Portugal in a replacement series with pure and mixed Castanea sativa Mill. and Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco. The objective of this study was to assess growth dynamics and compare the aboveground biomass and net primary production of the two species in pure and mixed treatments in proportions 1:1 and 1:3. The growth was measured at 7, 11, 15, 17, 19, 27 and 28 years after planting and aboveground net primary production was estimated at age 28 years. As a component of the mixed treatments, P. menziesii exhibited greater height, diameter and aboveground biomass than C. sativa. Relative yield total indicated a higher productivity in the mixtures compared with the pure treatments. Early in the development the pure treatments had a similar aboveground biomass per hectare as the mixtures, but later the mixtures had more yield than the pure treatments. The mixture productivity increase trough time appears to be a result of both canopy stratification and better use of site resources. The aboveground net primary production was also higher in mixed than in the pure treatments. This study shows the importance of comparing mixed and pure stands.

  Keywords


Growth, Productivity, Biomass, Mixed-species, Interactions, Replacement Series

Authors’ address

(1)
Leónia Nunes
Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (ISPV), Estrada de Nelas, Quinta da Alagoa, 3500-606 Viseu (Portugal)
(2)
Domingos Lopes
CITAB, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Apartado 1013, 5000-911 Vila Real (Portugal)
(3)
Francisco C Rego
CEABN, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa (Portugal)
(4)
Stith T Gower
Department of Forestry, 1630 Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53706 Wisconsin (USA)
(5)
Maria L Monteiro
CIMO, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança (IPB), Escola Superior Agrária, Bragança (Portugal)

Corresponding author

 
Leónia Nunes
leonianunes@gmail.com

Citation

Nunes L, Gower ST, Monteiro ML, Lopes D, Rego FC (2014). Growth dynamics and productivity of pure and mixed Castanea sativa Mill. and Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco plantations in northern Portugal. iForest 7: 92-102. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1087-007

Academic Editor

Roberto Tognetti

Paper history

Received: Jul 26, 2013
Accepted: Sep 27, 2013

First online: Dec 18, 2013
Publication Date: Apr 02, 2014
Publication Time: 2.73 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 15397
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 10829
Abstract Page Views: 369
PDF Downloads: 3069
Citation/Reference Downloads: 38
XML Downloads: 1092

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2301
Overall contacts: 15397
Avg. contacts per week: 46.84

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Jan 2020)

Total number of cites (since 2014): 1
Average cites per year: 0.13

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
AFN (2010)
Inventário Florestal Nacional, Portugal Continental - IFN5 2005-2006. Relatório Final. Autoridade Florestal Nacional, Lisboa, pp. 209.
Gscholar
(2)
Albuquerque JPM (1954)
Carta ecológica de Portugal. Ministério da Economia, Direcção General dos Serviços Agrícolas, Repartição de Estudos, Informação e Propaganda, Lisboa, pp. 58.
Gscholar
(3)
Amoroso MM, Turnblom EC (2006)
Comparing productivity of pure and mixed Douglas-fir and western hemlock plantations in Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 1484-1496.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Bauhus J, Khanna PK, Menden N (2000)
Aboveground and belowground interactions in mixed plantations of and . Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30: 1886-1894.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Bauhus J, van Winden AP, Nicotra AB (2004)
Aboveground interactions and productivity in mixed-species plantations of and . Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 686-694.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Binkley D (1983)
Ecosystem production in Douglas-fir plantations: interaction of red alder and site fertility. Forest Ecology and Management 5: 215-227.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Binkley D, Ryan MG (1998)
Net primary production and nutrient cycling in replicated stands of and . Forest Ecology and Management 112: 79-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Binkley D, Senock R, Bird S, Cole TG (2003)
Twenty years of stand development in pure and mixed stands of and N-fixing . Forest Ecology and Management 182: 93-102.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Binkley D, Campoe OC, Gsalptl M, Forrester D (2013)
Light absorption and use efficiency in forests: why patterns differ for trees and stands. Forest Ecology and Management 288: 5-13. -
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Brown AHF (1992)
Functioning of mixed-species stands at Gisburn, NW England. In: “The Ecology of Mixed-Species Stands of Trees” (Cannell MGR, Malcolm DC, Robertson PA eds). Blackwell, London, UK, pp. 125-150.
Gscholar
(11)
Callaway RM, Walker LR (1997)
Competition and facilitation: a synthetic approach to interactions in plant communities. Ecology 78: 1958-1965.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Campoe OC, Stape JL, Nouvellon Y, Laclau J-P, Bauerle W, Binkley D, Le Maire G (2013)
Stem production, light absorption and light use efficiency between dominant and non-dominant trees of across a productivity gradient in Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 288: 14-20.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
DeBell DS, Cole TG, Whitesell CD (1997)
Growth, development and yield in pure and mixed stands of and . Forest Science 43: 286-298.
Gscholar
(14)
Fontes L, Tomé M, Thompson F, Yeomans A, Luís JS, Savill P (2003)
Modelling the Douglas-fir ( (Mirb.) Franco) site index from site factors in Portugal. Forestry 76 (5): 491-507.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Khanna PK (2004)
Growth dynamics in a mixed-species plantation of and . Forest Ecology and Management 193: 81-95.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Cowie AL (2005)
On the success and failure of mixed-species tree plantations: lessons learned from a model system of and . Forest Ecology and Management 209: 147-155.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Cowie AL (2006a)
Carbon allocation in a mixed-species plantation of and . Forest Ecology and Management 233: 275-284.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Cowie AL, Vanclay JK (2006b)
Mixed-species plantations of with nitrogen-fixing trees: a review. Forest Ecology and Management 233: 211-230.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Forrester DI, Cowie AL, Bauhus J, Wood J, Forrester RI (2006c)
Effects of changing the supply of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and interactions between and in a pot trial. Plant Soil 280: 267-277.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Fridley JD (2002)
Resource availability dominates and alters the relationship between species diversity and ecosystem productivity in experimental plant communities. Oecologia 132: 271-277.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Garber SM, Maguire DA (2004)
Stand productivity and development in two mixed-species spacing trials in the Central Oregon Cascades. Forest Science 50 (1): 92-105.
Gscholar
(22)
Gomes-Laranjo J, Anjos R, Pinto T, Ferreira-Cardoso J, Peixoto F (2009)
Distribuição do castanheiro em Portugal. Avaliação do potencial de crescimento da cultura. In: “Castanheiros, Técnicas e Práticas” (Gomes-Laranjo J, Peixoto F, Ferreira-Cardoso J eds). Pulido Consulting, Indústria Criativa & Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal, pp. 7-24.
Gscholar
(23)
Gomes MA, Raposo F (1939)
Estudos dendrológicos. O género “Pseudotsuga” no Parque da Pena (Sintra). Anais do Instituto Superior de Agronomia 10: 121-135.
Gscholar
(24)
Gower ST, Grier CC, Vogt DJ, Vogt KA (1987)
Allometric relations of deciduous (Larix occidentalis) and evergreen conifers (Pinus contorta and Pseudotsuga menziesii) of the Cascade Mountains in central Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 7: 630-634. -
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Gower ST, Grier CC (1989)
Aboveground organic matter and production of a montane forest on the eastern slopes of the Washington Cascade Range. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 515-518.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Gspaltl M, Bauerle W, Binkley D, Sterba H (2013)
Leaf area and light use efficiency patterns of Norway spruce under different thinning regimes and age classes. Forest Ecology and Management 288: 49-59.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Harper JL (1977)
Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, New York, USA, pp. 900.
Gscholar
(28)
Kaye JP, Resh SC, Kaye MW, Chimmer RA (2000)
Nutrient and carbon dynamics in a replacement series of and trees. Ecology 81: 3267-3273.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Kelty MJ (1989)
Productivity of New England hemlock/hardwood stands as affected by species composition and canopy structure. Forest Ecology and Management 28: 237-257.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
Kelty MJ (1992)
Comparative productivity of monocultures and mixed species stands. In: “The ecology and silviculture of mixed- species forests” (Kelty MJ, Larson BC, Oliver CD eds). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 125-141.
Gscholar
(31)
Kelty MJ (2006)
The role of species mixtures in plantation forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 233: 195-204.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Khanna PK (1997)
Comparison of growth and nutrition of young monocultures and mixed stands of and . Forest Ecology and Management 94: 105-113.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Kramer H (1994)
Investigations of stem development and growth in even-aged and uneven-aged coniferous stands by stem analysis. In: “Mixed Stands, Research plots, Measurement and Results, Models” (Pinto da Costa ME, Preuhsler T eds). Proceedings from Symposium of the IUFRO Working groups S4.01-03 and S4.01-04. Lousã, Portugal, pp. 105-121.
Gscholar
(34)
Laclau JP, Bouillet J-P, Gonçalves JLM, Silva EV, Jourdan C, Cunha MCS, Moreira MR, Saint-André L, Maquère V, Nouvellon Y, Ranger J (2008)
Mixed-species plantations of and in Brazil: 1. Growth dynamics and aboveground net primary production. Forest Ecology and Management 225: 3905-3917.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(35)
Le Maire G, Nouvellon Y, Christina M, Ponzoni FJ, Gonçalves JLM, Bouillet J-P, Laclau J-P (2013)
Tree and stand light use efficiencies over a full rotation of single- and mixed-species and plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 288: 31-42.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Louro V, Cabrita P (1989)
Pseudotsuga, contribuição para o conhecimento da sua cultura em Portugal. Estudos e Informação 298. Direcção Geral das Florestas, Lisboa, Portugal.
Gscholar
(37)
Luís JFS, Monteiro ML (1998)
Dynamics of a broad-leaved () conifer () mixed stands in Northern Portugal. Forest Ecology and Management 107: 83-190.
Gscholar
(38)
Luís JFS (1989)
Crescimento e competição em povoamentos de (Mirb.) Franco em Portugal. Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal, pp. 278.
Gscholar
(39)
Maia MLM (1988)
A silvicultura do castanheiro na região de Trás-os-Montes - Resultados Preliminares. INIA/EFN, Bragança, Portugal, pp. 241.
Gscholar
(40)
Maia MLM, Luís JFS, Oliveira AC (1990)
Crescimento e produção de povoamentos de Castanea sativa Miller em Alto Fuste: primeiros resultados. In: Proceedings of the “II Congresso Florestal Nacional”. Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais, Porto, Portugal, pp. 360-370.
Gscholar
(41)
Man R, Lieffers VJ (1999)
Are mixtures of aspen and white spruce more productive than single species stands? Forestry Chronicle 75 (3): 505-512.
Gscholar
(42)
Menalled FD, Kelty MJ, Ewel JJ (1998)
Canopy development in tropical tree plantations: a comparison of species mixtures and monocultures. Forest Ecology and Management 104: 249-263. -
CrossRef | Gscholar
(43)
Montagnini F (2000)
Accumulation in above-ground biomass and soil storage of mineral nutrients in pure and mixed plantations in a humid tropical lowland. Forest Ecology and Management 134: 257-270.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(44)
Monteiro ML, Luís JS, Jordão MF, Saraiva DA (1994)
Eleven years results in a Castanea sativa and Pseudotsuga menziesii mixed stand in Northern Portugal. In: “Mixed Stands, Research plots, Measurement and Results, Models” (Pinto da Costa ME, Preuhsler T eds). Proceedings from Symposium of the IUFRO Working groups S4.01-03 and S4.01-04. Lousã, Portugal, pp. 199-206.
Gscholar
(45)
Newton M, Cole EC (2008)
Twenty-six-year response of ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir plantations to woody competitor density in treated stands of madrone and whiteleaf manzanita. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 410-420.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(46)
Nunes L, Coutinho J, Nunes LF, Rego FC, Lopes D (2011)
Growth, soil properties and foliage chemical analysis comparison between pure and mixed stands of Mill. and (Mirb.) Franco, in Northern Portugal. Forest Systems 20(3): 496-507.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(47)
Oliver CD, Larson BC (1996)
Forest stand dynamics. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA, pp. 467.
Gscholar
(48)
Olsthoorn AFM, Bartelink HH, Gardiner JJ, Pretzsch H, Hekhuis HJ, Franc A (1999)
Management of mixed-species forest: silviculture and economics. IBN Scientific Contributions 15: 1-389.
Gscholar
(49)
Patrício MSF (2006)
Análise da potencialidade produtiva do castanheiro em Portugal. Ph.D. thesis, ISA, Lisboa, pp. 254.
Gscholar
(50)
Patrício MS, Nunes LF, Monteiro ML, Lopes DM (2010)
Contributo da para a valorização de espécies folhosas produtoras de madeira de qualidade: um caso de estudo. Silva Lusitana 18: 1-11.
Gscholar
(51)
Pretzsch H, Block J, Dieler J, Dong PH, Kohnle U, Nagel J, Spellmann H, Zingg A (2010)
Comparison between the productivity of pure and mixed stands of Norway spruce and European beech along an ecological gradient. Annals of Forest Science 67: 712.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(52)
Pretzsch H (2013)
Facilitation and competition in mixed-species forests analysed along an ecological gradient. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 114, 391: 159-174.
Gscholar
(53)
Pretzsch H, Bielak K, Block J, Bruchwald A, Dieler J, Ehrhart H-P, Kohnle U, Nagel J, Spell-mann H, Zasada M, Zingg A (2013)
Productivity of mixed versus pure stands of oak ((Matt.) Liebl. and L.) and European beech ( L.) along an ecological gradient. European Journal of Forest Research.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(54)
Redondo-Brenes A, Montagnini F (2006)
Growth, productivity, aboveground biomass, and carbon sequestration of pure and mixed native tree plantations in the Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management 232: 168-178.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(55)
Resh SC, Binkley D, Parrotta JA (2002)
Greater soil carbon sequestration under nitrogen-fixing trees compared with species. Ecosystems 5: 217-231.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(56)
Richards AE, Forrester DI, Bauhus J, Scherer-Lorenzen M (2010)
The influence of mixed tree plantations on the nutrition of individual species: a review. Tree Physiology 30: 1192-1208.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(57)
Rothe A, Binkley D (2001)
Nutritional interactions in mixed species forests: a synthesis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 1855-1870. -
CrossRef | Gscholar
(58)
Ruas LM (1997)
Revisão de par’metros meteorológicos locais para a indexação de risco de incêndio. Master thesis, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal, pp. 159.
Gscholar
(59)
Ruiz-Peinado R, Montero G, Del Río M (2012)
Biomass models to estimate carbon stocks for hardwood tree species. Forest Systems 21 (1): 42-52.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(60)
Smith DM, Larson BC, Kelty MJ, Ashton PMS (1997)
The practice of silviculture: applied forest ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA.
Gscholar
(61)
Vandermeer JH (1989)
The ecology of intercropping. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Gscholar
(62)
Wang JR, Letchford T, Comeau P, Kimmins JP (2000)
Above- and below-ground biomass nutrient distribution of a paper birch and subalpine fir mixed-stand in the Sub-Boreal Spruce zone of British Columbia. Forest Ecology and Management 130: 17-26.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(63)
Zianis D, Mencuccini M (2005)
Aboveground net primary productivity of a beech () forest: a case study on Naousa, northern Greece. Tree Physiology 60: 439-448.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info