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Is it needed to integrate mixture degree in Stand Density Management Diagram (SDMD)?

Ali Askarieh (1-2)   , Irene Ruano (1-2), Felipe Bravo (1-2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 16, Issue 5, Pages 274-281 (2023)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4005-016
Published: Oct 28, 2023 - Copyright © 2023 SISEF

Research Articles


Stand density management diagrams (SDMDs) are robust decision-support tools available to forest managers under limited information. SDMDs which are based on empirical models at stand level, graphically represent the temporal relationships among stand density, and different stand variables such as quadratic mean diameter, dominant height, and mean tree volume. They are used to define initial planting spacing or thinning interventions, to meet various management objectives. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in mixed-species forests as an option for adaptive forest management, where they are considered a guarantor to safeguarding a wide variety of ecosystem services within the framework of sustainability. But there is still a lack of knowledge and efficient tools and models for mixed stands such as SDMDs. This study aims to develop an SDMD for Pinus sylvestris L. and Pinus pinaster Ait. mixed stands in the Sierra de la Demanda (Spain) using data from the third Spanish National Forest Inventory. Both species are two of the most important conifers in Europe and the western Mediterranean basin. Different variables can be used to develop an SDMD. In this case, quadratic mean diameter, dominant height, total stand volume, number of trees per hectare, and stand density index were used. These equations were fit by simultaneous fitting including a new variable representing the proportion of both species in the mixed stand. The results of the simultaneous fitting showed the new variable representing the proportion of both species was not significant. Based on that, the SDMD was constructed without including mixture degree. This SDMD can be used by forest managers as an efficient tool to plan thinning operations.

  Keywords


Reineke Index, Dominant Height, Silviculture, Thinning, Pinus sylvestris L, Pinus pinaster Ait.

Authors’ address

(1)
Ali Askarieh 0000-0003-0253-1123
Irene Ruano 0000-0003-4059-1928
Felipe Bravo 0000-0001-7348-6695
Instituto Universitario de Investigación y Gestión Forestal Sostenible (iuFOR), Unidad Asociada de I+D+i al CSIC, Universidad de Valladolid, Avda. Madrid s/n, 34004 Palencia (Spain)
(2)
Ali Askarieh 0000-0003-0253-1123
Irene Ruano 0000-0003-4059-1928
Felipe Bravo 0000-0001-7348-6695
Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, ETS de Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Palencia (Spain)

Corresponding author

 
Ali Askarieh
ali.askarieh@uva.es

Citation

Askarieh A, Ruano I, Bravo F (2023). Is it needed to integrate mixture degree in Stand Density Management Diagram (SDMD)?. iForest 16: 274-281. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4005-016

Academic Editor

Emanuele Lingua

Paper history

Received: Oct 25, 2021
Accepted: Aug 21, 2023

First online: Oct 28, 2023
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2023
Publication Time: 2.27 months

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