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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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The conversion into high forest of Turkey oak coppice stands: methods, silviculture and perspectives

Maria Chiara Manetti (1)   , Claudia Becagli (1), Giada Bertini (1), Paolo Cantiani (1), Maurizio Marchi (2), Francesco Pelleri (1), Dalila Sansone (1), Gianfranco Fabbio (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 309-317 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3483-013
Published: Jul 10, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles


The goal of this study is to assess the impact of different thinning approaches for coppice conversion into high forest of Turkey oak stands in Italy. The stand structure and the tree/shrub diversity were analyzed in 27 long-term monitoring plots from 7 experimental trials in the Colline Metallifere district (Tuscany, Central Italy) to verify the consistency of the original cultivation goals with the current stand structures. Three different approaches were applied from 1969 onwards: thinning from below, selective thinning, and no-management. Three indexes of specific diversity (Specific Richness, Shannon index and Importance Value) and two indexes of vertical diversity (Vertical Evenness and Coefficient of variation of tree height) were used to analyze and compare the outcome of management practices. The results showed a significantly higher dimensional variability and basal area, and a more complex vertical diversity in control plots and in the plots subject to selective thinning, as compared with plots subject to thinning from below. Tree species richness was high in all plots, independently of the thinning type applied. Based on our results, we suggest Turkey oak-dominated transitory stands to be initially managed by thinning from below, which is easy to be implemented and economically feasible. Selective thinning may be applied later with the aim of promoting sporadic but valuable tree species and increasing tree species diversity.

  Keywords


Forest Monitoring, Thinning from Below, Selective Thinning, Biodiversity, Mediterranean Area

Authors’ address

(1)
Maria Chiara Manetti 0000-0001-9755-4605
Claudia Becagli 0000-0001-5182-2352
Giada Bertini 0000-0003-0882-3127
Paolo Cantiani 0000-0001-8179-2115
Francesco Pelleri 0000-0003-2055-0280
Dalila Sansone
Gianfranco Fabbio 0000-0002-3407-4994
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Forestry and Wood (CREA-FL), v.le Santa Margherita 80, I-52100 Arezzo (Italy)
(2)
Maurizio Marchi 0000-0002-6134-1744
CNR - Institute of Biosciences and BioResources (IBBR), v. Madonna del Piano 10, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
Maria Chiara Manetti
mariachiara.manetti@crea.gov.it

Citation

Manetti MC, Becagli C, Bertini G, Cantiani P, Marchi M, Pelleri F, Sansone D, Fabbio G (2020). The conversion into high forest of Turkey oak coppice stands: methods, silviculture and perspectives. iForest 13: 309-317. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3483-013

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Oct 10, 2019
Accepted: Apr 30, 2020

First online: Jul 10, 2020
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.37 months

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