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Tree-oriented silviculture: a new approach for coppice stands

Maria Chiara Manetti, Claudia Becagli, Dalila Sansone, Francesco Pelleri   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 791-800 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1827-009
Published: Aug 04, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: IUFRO division 8.02 - Mendel University Brno (Czech Republic) 2015
Coppice forests: past, present and future
Guest Editors: Tomas Vrska, Renzo Motta, Alex Mosseler


Tree-oriented silviculture is an innovative approach of forest management aimed at enhancing a limited number of early-selected crop trees whose growth is favored over the full rotation period by applying frequent thinning in their neighborhood. This approach was originally applied to high forests, but can also be applied to coppices to maintain or improve biodiversity by selecting valuable timber trees and/or minority species as target trees. The main limitation of this silvicultural option is the need of specialized and qualified operators in all the phases, from selection of crop trees to logging operations. In this study, experimental trials were established by the Forest Research Centre of Arezzo (Italy) to verify the suitability of this approach to different structural and enviromental conditions. In coppices characterized by fast growing species such as chestnut, tree-oriented silviculture has been applied to a limited number of crop trees (50-100 ha) to obtain more valuable and larger-sized assortments in a shorter rotation period, reducing at the same time the silvicultural costs. In mixed coppices, where the ordinary management (coppicing) was applied, the abandonment or the conversion into high forest gave rise to a progressive loss in terms of species composition. Contrastingly, thinning focused around a few (5-20) trees of sporadic species allowed to maintain a high level of biodiversity, and led to favorable conditions for growth and regeneration of these species.

  Keywords


Tree-oriented Silviculture, Valuable Timber, Biodiversity, Thinning Practice

Authors’ address

(1)
Maria Chiara Manetti
Claudia Becagli
Dalila Sansone
Francesco Pelleri
CREA - Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria, Forestry Research Centre, v.le Santa Margherita 80 - I-52100 Arezzo (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
Francesco Pelleri
francesco.pelleri@crea.gov.it

Citation

Manetti MC, Becagli C, Sansone D, Pelleri F (2016). Tree-oriented silviculture: a new approach for coppice stands. iForest 9: 791-800. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1827-009

Academic Editor

Tomas Vrska

Paper history

Received: Aug 28, 2015
Accepted: May 06, 2016

First online: Aug 04, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 3.00 months

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