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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Soil of the parent plant and AMF mix improve Cerrado’s seedlings growth in forest nurseries

Gustavo Mattos Abreu (1)   , Haroldo Nogueira de Paiva (1), Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya (2), Samuel Dutra de Paula (1), Bruna Duque Guirardi (1), Guilherme de Moura Araújo (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 3, Pages 197-205 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3833-015
Published: May 28, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles


The soil microbiota plays an extremely important role in the growth and survival of plants. The presence of some microorganisms can positively and significantly impact the growth of tree species, which can improve the performance of seedlings after planting for commercial purposes and/or for ecosystem restoration. The present study aimed to evaluate the initial growth of seedlings of Hancornia speciosa and Brosimum gaudichaudii associated with microorganisms from the soil of the parent tree and/or inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Four substrates were tested: T1 (control) = Autoclaved dystrophic Red-Yellow Latosol (Aut-dRYL) + autoclaved commercial substrate (Aut-CS); T2 = Aut-dRYL + Aut-CS + inoculum of AMF (Mix); T3 = Aut-dRYL + Aut-CS + soil of the parent plant (SPP); and T4 = Aut-dRYL + Aut-CS + SPP + Mix. The AMF inoculum comprised a mix of the species Gigaspora decipiens, Rhizophagus clarus, and Scutellospora heterogama. Seedling growth was determined 270-350 days after transplanting by measuring the following parameters: mycorrhizal colonization rate (MC), abundance of spores (AS), height (H), stem diameter (D), H/D ratio, volume of roots (VR), dry matter of shoot (SDM), roots (RDM), total (TDM), shoot / root dry matter ratio (SDM/RDM), height / shoot dry matter ratio (H/SDM), and Dickson quality index (DQI). The results showed that the addition of SPP improved the growth and DQI of the seedlings, while the AMF mix minimally changed both growth and DQI. The use of symbiotic microorganisms in the nursery in Brazil is scarse due to the difficulty of acquiring these microorganisms and the lack of commercialization of specific isolates for species native to the Cerrado biome. The present study evaluated the use of soil from naturally occurring areas as a source of inoculum. The higher growth and biomass production of inoculated plants support the use of SPP as a form of inoculum and/or inoculation with native AMF to produce seedlings of H. speciosa and B. gaudichaudii.

  Keywords


Forest Nurseries, Biological Inoculants, Dickson Quality Index

Authors’ address

(1)
(2)
Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya 0000-0002-9539-9370
Departamento de Microbiologia/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais (Brazil)
(3)
Guilherme de Moura Araújo 0000-0002-3846-9387
Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Gustavo Mattos Abreu
mattos_florestal@hotmail.com

Citation

Abreu GM, Paiva HN, Megumi Kasuya MC, Paula SD, Guirardi BD, Araújo GM (2022). Soil of the parent plant and AMF mix improve Cerrado’s seedlings growth in forest nurseries. iForest 15: 197-205. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3833-015

Academic Editor

Maurizio Ventura

Paper history

Received: Mar 30, 2021
Accepted: Mar 01, 2022

First online: May 28, 2022
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2022
Publication Time: 2.93 months

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