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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Impact of deforestation on the soil physical and chemical attributes, and humic fraction of organic matter in dry environments in Brazil

Jefrejan Souza Rezende (1)   , Fernando José Freire (2), José Coelho de Araújo Filho (3), Maria Betânia Galvão Dos Santos Freire (2), Brivaldo Gomes de Almeida (2), Leandro Reis Costa Santos (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 6, Pages 465-475 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4016-015
Published: Nov 18, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles


Deforestation of Caatinga and inadequate land use of these dry environments have impacted soil quality in Northeastern Brazil. The objectives of this study were: (a) to evaluate the effect of deforestation and different agricultural uses on the physical and chemical properties of soil, and humic fractions of soil organic matter in dry environments; and (b) to detect the soil properties that were most affected by anthropic actions. We evaluated four dry areas in Chapada do Araripe, NE Brazil: preserved native vegetation; degraded native vegetation; cassava conventional cultivation; and eucalyptus agro-energy cultivation. Soil fertility, total organic carbon and humic fractions of soil organic matter were lower in the degraded native vegetation area. The best indicators for soil quality evaluation were: macroporosity; bulk density; soil resistance penetration; sum of bases (mainly Ca2+); available P; and saturation by Al3+. Total organic carbon and humic acid fractions of soil organic matter were important in improving soil quality. These properties were influenced by deforestation and agricultural uses, suggesting that the deforestation of native vegetation in dry environments has high capacity to degrade the soil, preventing its regeneration.

  Keywords


Degraded Soil, Forest Soil, Land Use Change, Soil Quality

Authors’ address

(1)
Jefrejan Souza Rezende 0000-0002-2606-9386
Universidade Estadual do Piauí, Campus Prof. Barros Araújo, Rodovia BR-316, KM 299, Altamira 64602000 Picos, PI (Brazil)
(2)
Fernando José Freire 0000-0002-3264-712X
Maria Betânia Galvão Dos Santos Freire 0000-0002-0872-5909
Brivaldo Gomes de Almeida 0000-0003-3260-0767
Leandro Reis Costa Santos
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, Dois Irmãos, 52171-900 Recife, PE (Brazil)
(3)
José Coelho de Araújo Filho 0000-0002-8318-7418
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA), Rua Antônio Falcão, 402, Boa Viagem 51020-240 Recife, PE (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Jefrejan Souza Rezende
jefrejansouza@pcs.uespi.br

Citation

Souza Rezende J, Freire FJ, Araújo Filho JC, Dos Santos Freire MBG, Gomes de Almeida B, Costa Santos LR (2022). Impact of deforestation on the soil physical and chemical attributes, and humic fraction of organic matter in dry environments in Brazil. iForest 15: 465-475. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4016-015

Academic Editor

Giorgio Alberti

Paper history

Received: Nov 10, 2021
Accepted: Sep 12, 2022

First online: Nov 18, 2022
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2022
Publication Time: 2.23 months

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