iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Testing Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto Ten.) provenances in Romania

Ecaterina Nicoleta Apostol, Elena Stuparu, Virgil Scarlatescu, Marius Budeanu   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 9-15 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3108-012
Published: Jan 08, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles

In this study ten Hungarian oak provenances from Southern Romania were tested in two comparative trials 10 years after planting. The diameter at breast height (dbh) and tree height (Th) were measured in family progenies and the survival rate was determined. In both trials, the local provenances (Bals and Seaca 2) revealed superior fitness in terms of growth and adaptability traits, confirming the recommendation of using local provenances with priority in afforestation activities. Based on the measured traits, families which ranked in the first ten positions at age 3 and age 10 years were identified in both trials. The analysis of variance revealed statistically significant differences in growth traits between provenances and families in both comparative trials. Duncan’s test for 5% transgression probability revealed different results for dbh and Th in terms of provenance homogeneity in the two test sites, with a superior homogeneity in the Aramadia trial for dbh and in the Bals trial for Th. Growth performances of the Hungarian oak provenances were significantly influenced by the experimental location and by the interactions between provenance, family and locality, suggesting that maximum precaution must be taken in the choice of forest reproductive materials to be planted in different environmental conditions. The family mean heritability (h2f) was significantly lower than the individual heritability (h2i), suggesting the possible adoption of an individual selection strategy in the next stage of the current breeding programme. The juvenile-adult correlations will be made at the age of 40 years and will take advantage of the results of this study to shorten the testing period for the selection of genetically improved material in Hungarian oak.


Age-to-age Correlations, Breeding, Forest Steppe, Oaks’ Adaptability, Selection Strategy

Authors’ address

Ecaterina Nicoleta Apostol
Elena Stuparu
Virgil Scarlatescu
Marius Budeanu 0000-0001-9849-0527
National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Dracea”, Voluntari, 128 Eroilor Boulevard, 077190, Ilfov County (Romania)

Corresponding author

Marius Budeanu


Apostol EN, Stuparu E, Scarlatescu V, Budeanu M (2020). Testing Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto Ten.) provenances in Romania. iForest 13: 9-15. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3108-012

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Mar 25, 2019
Accepted: Oct 23, 2019

First online: Jan 08, 2020
Publication Date: Feb 29, 2020
Publication Time: 2.57 months

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