iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Genetic diversity and forest reproductive material - from seed source selection to planting

Vladan Ivetić, Jovana Devetaković   , Marina Nonić, Dragica Stanković, Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 801-812 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1577-009
Published: Jun 13, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Review Papers

How much of genetic diversity is desirable in mass production of forest reproductive material? How mass production of forest reproductive material reduces genetic diversity? Relation between genetic diversity and mass production of forest reproductive material is discussed in a holistic manner. In industrial forest plantations, narrow genetic diversity is desirable and reproductive material is produced at clone level. On the other hand, in conservation forestry a wide genetic diversity is imperative. Beside management goals, a desirable level of genetic diversity is related to rotation cycle and ontogeny of tree species. Risks of failure are lower in short rotations of fast growing species. In production of slow growing species, managed in long rotations, the reduction of genetic diversity increases the risk of failure due to causes unknown or unexpected at the time of planting. This risk is additionally increased in cases of seed transfer and in conditions of climate change. Every step in production of forest reproductive material, from collection to nursery production, has an effect on genetic diversity mainly by directional selection and should be considered. This review revealed no consistent decrease of genetic diversity during forest reproductive material production and planting.


Genetic Diversity, Forest Reproductive Material, Seed Production, Seedling Production, Directional Selection

Authors’ address

Vladan Ivetić
Jovana Devetaković
Marina Nonić
Dragica Stanković
Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade, Kneza Višeslava 1, 11030 Belgrade (Serbia)

Corresponding author

Jovana Devetaković


Ivetić V, Devetaković J, Nonić M, Stanković D, Šijačić-Nikolić M (2016). Genetic diversity and forest reproductive material - from seed source selection to planting. iForest 9: 801-812. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1577-009

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Jan 28, 2015
Accepted: Feb 09, 2016

First online: Jun 13, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 4.17 months

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