*

Hot spot maps of forest presence in the Mediterranean basin

Sergio Noce   , Alessio Collalti, Riccardo Valentini, Monia Santini

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 766-774 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1802-009
Published: Jun 13, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Technical Reports


The Mediterranean basin is one of the most varied areas worldwide in terms of biodiversity and species richness due to its climatic and geomorphological features, and it is characterized by multi-faceted habitats where forests play a crucial role. Nowadays, the geographic distribution of forest species is well known and multiple geographic datasets are available with different spatial details. However, protection and conservation strategies need more specific information to identify areas with high conservation priority or more vulnerable to the ongoing environmental change (“hot spots”). To this purpose, tree species distribution data were investigated through hot spot analysis using Geographic Information Systems. The analysis was carried out on presence data of ten relevant forest tree species/classes across Mediterranean Europe. By combining spatial analysis and spatial statistics, we identified high and very high hot spot areas for the selected species/classes, which were validated by assessing their biological significance. Given the sub-continental extent of the study, a multiple scale approach was applied ranging from regional, sub-regional to local scale, coherently with the potential multi-level and multi-sector users of similar data and tools. Our results confirm the feasibility of the approach used to increase the quality and quantity of information achievable from available forest distribution datasets. The hot spot maps obtained are a useful support for further spatial evaluations, and may help environmental decision makers to identify priority areas for forest protection and conservation.

  Keywords


Forest, GIS, Spatial Analysis, Hot Spot, Mediterranean Basin

Authors’ address

(1)
Sergio Noce
Alessio Collalti
Riccardo Valentini
Monia Santini
Impact on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services Division (IAFES), Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Viterbo (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
Sergio Noce
sergio.noce@cmcc.it

Citation

Noce S, Collalti A, Valentini R, Santini M (2016). Hot spot maps of forest presence in the Mediterranean basin. iForest 9: 766-774. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1802-009

Academic Editor

Matteo Garbarino

Paper history

Received: Aug 11, 2015
Accepted: Jun 10, 2016

First online: Jun 13, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 0.10 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 9126
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 6048
Abstract Page Views: 248
PDF Downloads: 2149
Citation/Reference Downloads: 69
XML Downloads: 612

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 1247
Overall contacts: 9126
Avg. contacts per week: 51.23

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Aug 2019)

Total number of cites (since 2016): 10
Average cites per year: 2.50

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Alessandri A, De Felice M, Zeng N, Mariotti A, Pan Y, Cherchi A, Lee J-Y, Wang B, Ha K-J, Ruti P, Artale V (2014)
Robust assessment of the expansion and retreat of Mediterranean climate in the 21st century. Scientific Reports. 4:7211.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Brus DJ, Hengeveld GM, Walvoort DJJ, Goedhart PW, Heidema a H, Nabuurs GJ, Gunia K (2012)
Statistical mapping of tree species over Europe. European Journal of Forest Research 131: 145-157.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Burrough PA (2001)
GIS and geostatistics: essential partners for spatial analysis. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 8: 361-377.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Culiberg M (1991)
Late glacial vegetation in Slovenia. In: “Classis IV: Historia Naturalis 29”. Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica, Ljubljana, pp. 1-52.
Gscholar
(5)
Davis MB (1983)
Quaternary history of deciduous forests of eastern North America and Europe. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 70: 550-563.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
EUFORGEN (2011)
Distribution maps. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, Bioversity International, Rome, Italy.
Online | Gscholar
(7)
FAO (2014)
Global land cover-SHARE of year 2014 (GLC_SHARE). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Online | Gscholar
(8)
Getis A, Morrison AC, Gray K, Scott TW (2003)
Characteristics of the spatial pattern of the dengue vector, Aedesaegypti, in Iquitos, Peru. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 69: 494-505.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Getis A, Ord JK (1992)
The analysis of spatial association. Geographical Analysis 24: 189-206.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Giorgi F (2006)
Climate change hot-spots. Geophysical Research Letters 33: 1-4.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Goodchild MF (1986)
Spatial autocorrelation. Concepts and Techniques in Modern Geography vol. 47, Geo Books, Norwich, UK, pp. 56.
Gscholar
(12)
Hartigan JA (1975)
Clustering algorithms. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, USA, pp. 351.
Online | Gscholar
(13)
Jenks GF (1963)
Generalization in statistical mapping. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 53(1): 15-26.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(14)
Köble R, Seufert G (2001)
Novel maps for forest tree species in Europe. In: Proceedings of the 8th European Symposium on the Physico-Chemical Behaviour of Air Pollutants: “A Changing Atmosphere!”. Turin (Italy) 17-20 Sep 2001, pp. 17-20.
Online | Gscholar
(15)
Liepelt S, Cheddadi R, De Beaulieu JL, Fady B, Gömöry D, Hussendörfer E, Konnert M, Litt T, Longauer R, Terhürne-Berson R, Ziegenhagen B (2008)
Postglacial range expansion and its genetic imprints in Abies alba (Mill.) - A synthesis from palaeobotanic and genetic data. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 153: 139-149.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Lindner M, Maroschek M, Netherer S, Kremer A, Barbati A, Garcia-Gonzalo J, Seidl R, Delzon S, Corona P, Kolström M, Lexer MJ, Marchetti M (2010)
Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 698-709.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Magri D (2008)
Patterns of post-glacial spread and the extent of glacial refugia of European beech (Fagus sylvatica). Journal of Biogeography 35: 450-463.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Matteucci G, Cammarano M, Dezi S, Mancini M, Scarascia Mugnozza G, Magnani F (2013)
Climate change impacts on forests and forest products in the Mediterranean area. In: “Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean. Volume 2: Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services and People” (Navarra A, Tubiana L eds). Springer, Netherlands, pp. 71-100.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Moran PAP (1950)
Notes on continuous stochastic phenomena. Biometrika 37: 17-23.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Murayama Y, Thapa RB (2011)
Spatial analysis and modeling in geographical transformation process: GIS-based applications. Springer, Netherlands, pp. 302.
Online | Gscholar
(21)
Ord JK, Getis A (1995)
Local spatial autocorrelation statistics: distributional issues and an application. Geographical Analysis 27: 286-306.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Palahi M, Mavsar R, Gracia C, Birot Y (2008)
Mediterranean forests under focus. International Forestry Review 10: 676-688.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(23)
Prasannakumar V, Vijith H, Charutha R, Geetha N (2011)
Spatio-temporal clustering of road accidents: GIS based analysis and assessment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 21: 317-325.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Prendergast JR, Wood SN, Lawton JH, Eversham BC (1993)
Correcting for variation in recording effort in analyses of diversity hotspots. Biodiversity Letters 1: 39-53.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Sala OE, Chapin FS, Armesto JJ, Berlow E, Bloomfield J, Dirzo R, Huber-Sanwald E, Huenneke LF, Jackson RB, Kinzig A, Leemans R, Lodge DM, Mooney HA, Oesterheld M, Poff NL, Sykes MT, Walker BH, Walker M, Wall DH (2000)
Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 1770-1774.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Santini M, Collalti A, Valentini R (2014)
Climate change impacts on vegetation and water cycle in the Euro-Mediterranean region, studied by a likelihood approach. Regional Environmental Change 14: 1405-1418.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Sercelj A (1996)
The origins and development of forests in Slovenia. In: “Classis IV: Historia Naturalis 35”. Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica, Ljubljana, Slovenia, pp. 81-143.
Gscholar
(28)
Tattoni C, Ciolli M, Ferretti F (2011)
The fate of priority areas for conservation in protected areas: a fine-scale Markov chain approach. Environmental Management 47: 263-278.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Trombik J, Hlásny T (2013)
Free European data on forest distribution: overview and evaluation. Journal of Forest Science 59: 447-457.
Online | Gscholar
(30)
Vettraino AM, Franceschini S, Natili G, Paganini D, Alicicco G, Vuono G, Vannini A (2009)
Integrated control protocol (ICP) of ink disease of chestnut in Central Italy: principles and future perspectives. Acta Horticulturae 866: 425-430.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Williams JW, Shuman BN, Webb T, Bartlein PJ, Leduc PL (2004)
Late-Quaternary vegetation dynamics in North America: scaling from taxa to biomes. Ecological Monographs 74: 309-334.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Zimmermann NE, Yoccoz NG, Edwards TC, Meier ES, Thuiller W, Guisan A, Schmatz DR, Pearman PB (2009)
Climatic extremes improve predictions of spatial patterns of tree species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106 (Suppl 2): 19723-19728.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website