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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Effects of functional traits on the spatial distribution and hyperdominance of tree species in the Cerrado biome

Hallefy Junio De Souza (1)   , Eder Pereira Miguel (1), Rafael Tassinari Resende (2), Eraldo Aparecido Trondoli Matricardi (1), Alba Valéria Rezende (1), Fabrício Assis Leal (1), Mario Lima Dos Santos (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 5, Pages 339-348 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3920-015
Published: Sep 01, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles


The ecological influence of functional traits on species persistence as well as on their role over the organization of forest communities in the Brazilian Cerrado biome have not been fully understood yet. In this study, we assessed the effects of six functional groups, characterized by three seed dispersal syndromes (i.e., anemochory, autochory, and zoochory) and three wood density classes (i.e., hardwood, lightwood, and softwood), on tree spatial distribution patterns, habitat occupancy, and ecosystem services (biomass hyper dominance and abundance) provided by a forest community located in the “Parque do Lajeado”, state of Tocantins, Brazil. The similarity among study sites was characterized by applying the tree dominant height approach and the environmental and soil variables as input. The floristic similarity was assessed by applying the Bray-Curtis index. The zoochoric species showed more aggregated spatial pattern at local scale, which indicates that it is more sensitive to environmental gradients than other dispersal syndromes. Meanwhile, hardwood density species were more established in the community, being more persistent to environmental filters. We observed that a small number of species contributed with about 50% of the abundance and biomass of the community, whose functional traits (wood density and dispersal syndrome) indirectly affect the relationship among the community species richness and their ecosystem functions. We observed that the functional traits related to seed dispersal and wood density functional groups resulted in different spatial distribution patterns of those tree species. Therefore, functional traits and environmental factors combined have substantially affected the structure and composition of forest communities at local scale.

  Keywords


Seed Dispersal, Wood Density, Species Abundance Distribution, Spatial Patterns, Brazilian Savanna

Authors’ address

(2)
Rafael Tassinari Resende 0000-0002-7139-708X
Goias Federal University, Department of forest improvement, Avenida Esperança W/N, Samambaia Campus, 74690-900 Goinia, GO (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Hallefy Junio De Souza
hallefyj.souza@gmail.com

Citation

De Souza HJ, Miguel EP, Resende RT, Matricardi EAT, Rezende AV, Leal FA, Dos Santos ML (2022). Effects of functional traits on the spatial distribution and hyperdominance of tree species in the Cerrado biome. iForest 15: 339-348. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3920-015

Academic Editor

Michele Carbognani

Paper history

Received: Jul 05, 2021
Accepted: Jul 05, 2022

First online: Sep 01, 2022
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2022
Publication Time: 1.93 months

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