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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Soil fungal communities across land use types

Sujan Balami (1)   , Martina Vašutová (1-2), Douglas Godbold (2-3), Petr Kotas (4), Pavel Cudlín (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 6, Pages 548-558 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3231-013
Published: Nov 23, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Review Papers


Land use change is one of the major causes of biodiversity loss, mostly due to habitat change and fragmentation. Belowground fungal diversity is very important in terrestrial ecosystems, however, the effect of land use change on soil fungal community is poorly understood. In this review, a total of 190 studies worldwide were analyzed. To monitor the effect of land use change, different fungal parameters such as richness, diversity, community composition, root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, spore density, ergosterol, and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) content and AM fungal glomalin related soil protein (GRSP) were studied. In general, results from analyzed studies often showed a negative response of fungal quantitative parameters after land use change from less-intensive site management to intensive site management. Land use change mostly showed significant shifts in fungal community composition. Considering land use change types, only 18 out of 91 land use change types were included in more than 10 studies, conversion of primary and secondary forest to various, more intensive land use was most often represented. All these 18 types of land use change influenced fungal community composition, however, the effects on quantitative parameters were mostly inconsistent. Current knowledge is not sufficient to conclude general land use impacts on soil fungi as the reviewed studies are fragmented and limited by the local context of land use change. Unification of the methodology, detailed descriptions of environmental factors, more reference sequences in public databases, and especially data on ecology and quantitative parameters of key fungal species would significantly improve the understanding of this issue.

  Keywords


Soil Fungi, Land Use Change, Fungal Diversity, Species Composition, Mycorrhizal Fungi

Authors’ address

(1)
Sujan Balami 0000-0002-0217-5168
Martina Vašutová 0000-0003-0128-874X
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Na Zlaté stoce 1, Ceské Budejovice 37005 (Czech Republic)
(2)
Martina Vašutová 0000-0003-0128-874X
Douglas Godbold 0000-0001-5607-5800
Pavel Cudlín 0000-0003-1464-5160
Department of Carbon Storage in the Landscape, Czech Academy of Sciences, Lipová 1789/9, Ceské Budejovice 37005 (Czech Republic)
(3)
Douglas Godbold 0000-0001-5607-5800
Institute of Forest Ecology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Peter-Jordan-Straße 82, Wien 1190, Vienna (Austria)
(4)
Petr Kotas 0000-0002-4729-5147
Department of Ecosystem Biology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 1760, Ceské Budejovice 37005 (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Sujan Balami
balamisujan@gmail.com

Citation

Balami S, Vašutová M, Godbold D, Kotas P, Cudlín P (2020). Soil fungal communities across land use types. iForest 13: 548-558. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3231-013

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Sep 08, 2019
Accepted: Sep 17, 2020

First online: Nov 23, 2020
Publication Date: Dec 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.23 months

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