iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Responses of Taxus chinensis and Phoebe chekiangensis seedlings to controlled-release fertilizer in various formulations and application rates

Xiuli Chu (1), Xiuhua Wang (2), Dongbei Zhang (2), Xiaolin Wu (2), Zhichun Zhou (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 254-261 (2019)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2714-012
Published: May 03, 2019 - Copyright © 2019 SISEF

Research Articles

Decline of species population, low natural regeneration, and heavy competition on field sites require the planting of large seedling stocks to restore Taxus chinensis and Phoebe chekiangensis in tropical China. In this study, we examined the effects of different formulations and application rates of controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) on nursery seedling growth and nutritional attributes. The objective was to determine optimum formulation (N:P2O5 ratio) and application rate to increase nutrient reserves of the seedlings before transplanting to the field. Four formulations (17-9-13 to 19-6-14 N-P2O5-K2O ratios) and four application rates (1.5 kg m-3 to 4.5 kg m-3) were used in a double-factors factorial design with 3 replications. The results showed that CRF formulation can affect nutritional attributes, while application rate modified seedling growth and nutritional attributes. The optimum seedling response occurred with the 17-6-16 formulation at the rate of 3.5kg m-3. These findings will guide nursery practice in the production of high-quality seedlings for optimum survival and growth in the field.


Taxus chinensis, Phoebe chekiangensis, Controlled-Release Fertilizer, Formulation and Application Rate, Nutrient Utilization Efficiency

Authors’ address

Xiuli Chu
Zhichun Zhou
Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding, 311400, Hangzhou (China)
Xiuhua Wang
Dongbei Zhang
Xiaolin Wu
Experimental Forest Farm of Qingyuan County, Zhejiang Province, Qingyuan 323800, Zhejiang (China)

Corresponding author

Zhichun Zhou


Chu X, Wang X, Zhang D, Wu X, Zhou Z (2019). Responses of Taxus chinensis and Phoebe chekiangensis seedlings to controlled-release fertilizer in various formulations and application rates. iForest 12: 254-261. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2714-012

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Dec 20, 2017
Accepted: Feb 01, 2019

First online: May 03, 2019
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2019
Publication Time: 3.03 months

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