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Soil microorganisms at the windthrow plots: the effect of post-disturbance management and the time since disturbance

Erika Gömöryová (1)   , Peter Fleischer (1-2), Viliam Pichler (1), Marián Homolák (1), Richard Gere (1), Dušan Gömöry (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 515-521 (2017)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2304-010
Published: Apr 20, 2017 - Copyright © 2017 SISEF

Research Articles


Wind disturbance is a major natural driver of forest dynamics in a large part of Europe and can affect soil properties in different ways and for different time. The present study focuses on the effects of post-disturbance management of windthrow plots in the Tatra Mountains, Slovakia, on soil microorganisms ten years after the disturbance. Their comparison with the microbial characteristics at a new windthrow plot caused by strong wind in 2014 was also carried out. Three research plots differing in the way of their management after the windstorm in 2004 (EXT, salvage plot; FIR, salvage plot affected by fire; NEX, unsalvaged plot) and the plot destroyed by strong wind in May 2014 (REX) were used for study. Ten soil samples were taken from the mineral A-horizon (depth: 0-10 cm) at each plot in autumn 2014. In soil samples, soil chemical and microbial characteristics (microbial biomass C, basal and substrate-induced respiration, N-mineralisation, catalase activity, richness and diversity of soil microbial functional groups based on the Biolog approach) were determined. Ten years after the disturbance we still observed significant differences in microbial characteristics between FIR and the other plots, with higher microbial activity at the FIR, while no significant differences were found among the other plots. The results indicate that at a higher altitude the effect of fire on soil microorganisms is more distinct than removing or not removing of fallen trees and persists even over a decade.

  Keywords


Forest Soil, Soil Microorganisms, Windthrow, Fire, Postdisturbance Management

Authors’ address

(1)
Erika Gömöryová
Peter Fleischer
Viliam Pichler
Marián Homolák
Richard Gere
Dušan Gömöry
Technical University in Zvolen, Faculty of Forestry, T. G. Masaryka 24, SK-960 53 Zvolen (Slovakia)
(2)
Peter Fleischer
Research Station and Museum of the Tatra National Park, SK-059 60 Tatranská Lomnica (Slovakia)

Corresponding author

 
Erika Gömöryová
gomoryova@tuzvo.sk

Citation

Gömöryová E, Fleischer P, Pichler V, Homolák M, Gere R, Gömöry D (2017). Soil microorganisms at the windthrow plots: the effect of post-disturbance management and the time since disturbance. iForest 10: 515-521. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2304-010

Academic Editor

Rupert Seidl

Paper history

Received: Dec 11, 2016
Accepted: Mar 17, 2017

First online: Apr 20, 2017
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2017
Publication Time: 1.13 months

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