iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Long-term changes in surface-active beetle communities in a post-fire successional gradient in Pinus brutia forests

Burçin Yenisey Kaynas   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 376-382 (2017)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2140-009
Published: Mar 16, 2017 - Copyright © 2017 SISEF

Research Articles

Fire is one of the most important ecological factors for many ecosystem types. Since prehistoric times, synergistic effects of fires and humans have led to changes in Eastern Mediterranean ecosystems. The effects of fire on different trophic levels, particularly regarding plants, have been examined intensively in fire-induced ecosystems. In this study, we aimed to study long-term changes in beetle community structure after fire in Pinus brutia Ten. forests. Five sites burned in different years and a control site unburned for at least 50 years were selected. Beetle sampling was conducted using four pit-fall traps in each of four transects in three replication plots at every successional site and in two plots at the control site. Microhabitat variables related to vegetation structure and litter layer were recorded and associated with abundances of beetles and feeding groups. The results showed that total, wood-eating, and predator beetles showed a decreasing trend of abundance along the successional gradient after fire. In contrast to these groups, herbivores tended to increase towards the late successional stages. Middle and late successional stages were important in terms of species richness, species diversity and evenness of beetle communities and feeding groups. The characteristics of vegetation and litter layer changed with successional gradient, playing a decisive role in the structure of beetle communities at successional sites. According to the data presented here, a mosaic structure consisting of different successional stages is very important to sustain high species diversity in beetle communities.


Forest Fires, Coleoptera, Brutia Pine, Resilience, Autosuccession

Authors’ address

Burçin Yenisey Kaynas
Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of Biology, Istiklal Campus, Burdur (Turkey)

Corresponding author

Burçin Yenisey Kaynas


Kaynas BY (2017). Long-term changes in surface-active beetle communities in a post-fire successional gradient in Pinus brutia forests. iForest 10: 376-382. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2140-009

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Jun 16, 2016
Accepted: Oct 12, 2016

First online: Mar 16, 2017
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2017
Publication Time: 5.17 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 42239
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 36778
Abstract Page Views: 1774
PDF Downloads: 2802
Citation/Reference Downloads: 21
XML Downloads: 864

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2678
Overall contacts: 42239
Avg. contacts per week: 110.41

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2017): 5
Average cites per year: 0.71


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Abbott I, Burbidge T, Strehlow K, Mellican A, Wills A (2003)
Logging and burning impacts on cockroaches, crickets and grasshoppers, and spiders in Jarrah forest, Western Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 174: 383-399.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Andersen AN, Müller WJ (2000)
Arthropod responses to experimental fire regimes in an Australian tropical savannah: ordinal-level analysis. Austral Ecology 25: 199-209.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Apigian KO, Dahlsten DL, Stephens S (2006)
Fire and fire surrogate treatment effects on leaf litter arthropods in a western Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 221: 110-122.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Azeria ET, Ibarzabal J, Hébert C (2012)
Effects of habitat characteristics and interspecific interactions on co-occurrence patterns of saproxylic beetles breeding in tree boles after forest fire: null model analyses. Community Ecology 168: 1123-1135.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Booth RG, Cox ML, Madge RB (1990)
IIE guides to insects of importance to man. Coleoptera. International Institute of Entomology, CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 384.
Online | Gscholar
Brown VK (1985)
Insect herbivores and plant succession. Oikos 44 (1): 17-22.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Campbell JW, Hanula JL, Waldrop TA (2007)
Effects of prescribed fire and fire surrogates on floral visiting insects of the blue ridge province in North Carolina. Biological Conservation 134: 393-404.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Cook WM, Holt RD (2006)
Fire frequency and mosaic burning effects on a tallgrass prairie ground beetle assemblage. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 2301-2323.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Fernández Fernández MM, Salgado Costas JM (2004)
Recolonization of a burnt pine forest (Pinus pinaster) by Carabidae (Coleoptera). European Journal of Soil Biology 40: 47-53.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gardner SM, Cabido MR, Valladares GR, Sandra D (1995)
The influence of habitat structure on arthropod diversity in Argentine semi-arid Cahco forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 349-356.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hanes TL (1971)
Succession after fire in the chaparral of southern California. Ecological Monographs 41: 27-52.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hanula JL, Wade DD (2003)
Influence of long-term dormant-season burning and fire exclusion on ground-dwelling arthropod populations in longleaf pine flatwoods ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 175: 163-184.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hjältén J, Gibb H, Ball JP (2010)
How will low-intensity burning after clear-felling affect mid-boreal insect assemblages? Basic and Applied Ecology 11: 363-372.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kaynas BY (2008)
Studies on long-term effects of fire on small mammal community and changes of community structure after fire in Pinus brutia forest ecosystems, PhD Thesis, Institute of Natural Sciences, Hacettepe University, Turkey, pp. 112. [in Turkish with English abstract]
Kaya Z, Raynal DJ (2001)
Biodiversity and conservation of Turkish forest. Biological Conservation 97: 131-141.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kim TN, Holt RD (2012)
The direct and indirect effects of fire on the assembly of insect herbivore communities: examples from the Florida scrub habitat. Oecologia 168: 997-1012.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Keeley JE (1986)
Resilience of Mediterranean shrub communities to fires. In: “Resilience in Mediterranean-type ecosystems” (Dell B, Hopkins AJM, Lamont BB eds). Dr W Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 95-111.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Koivula M, Kukkonen J, Niemelä J (2002)
Boreal carabid-beetle (Coleoptera, Carabidae) assemblages along the clear-cut originated succession gradient. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 1269-1288.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lassau SA, Hochuli DF, Cassis G, Reid CAM (2005)
Effects of habitat complexity on forest beetle diversity: do functional groups respond consistently? Diversity and Distributions 11: 73-82.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lawton JH (1983)
Plant architecture and the diversity of phytophagous insects. Annual Review of Entomology 28: 23-39.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Leach E, Nakamura A, Turco F, Burwell CJ, Catterall CP, Kitching RL (2013)
Potential of ants and beetles as indicators of rainforest restoration: characterising pasture and rainforest remnants as reference habitats. Ecological Management and Restoration 14: 202-209.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Magura T, Tóthmérész B, Elek Z (2003)
Diversity and composition of carabids during a forest cycle. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 73-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mateos E, Santos X, Pujade-Villar J (2011)
Taxonomic and functional responses to fire and post-fire management of a Mediterranean Hymenoptera community. Environmental Management 48: 1000-1012.
CrossRef | Gscholar
McHugh CW, Kolb TE, Wilson JL (2003)
Bark beetle attacks on Ponderosa pine following fire in Northern Arizona. Environmental Entomology 32 (3): 510-522.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moretti M, Barbalat S (2004)
The effects of wildfires on wood-eating beetles in deciduous forests on the southern slope of the Swiss Alps. Forest Ecology and Management 187: 85-103.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moretti M, Obrist MK, Duelli P (2004)
Arthropod biodiversity after forest fires: winners and losers in the winter fire regime of the southern Alps. Ecography 27: 173-186.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moretti M, De Bello F, Roberts SPM, Potts SG (2009)
Taxonomical vs. functional responses of bee communities to fire in two contrasting climatic regions. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 98-108.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Muona J, Rutanen I (1994)
The short-term impact of fire on beetle fauna in boreal coniferous forest. Annales Zoologici Fennici 31: 109-121.
Online | Gscholar
Parr CL, Robertson HG, Biggs HC, Chown SL (2004)
Response of African savanna ants to long-term fire regimes. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 630-642.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Prodon R, Fons R, Athias-Binche F (1987)
The impact of fire on animal communities in Mediterranean Area. In: “The Role of Fire in Ecological Systems” (Trabaud L ed). SPA Academic Publishing, The Hague, Netherlands, pp. 121-157.
Radea C, Arianoutsou M (2000)
Cellulose decomposition rates and soil arthropod community in a Pinus halepensis Mill. forest of Greece after a wildfire. European Journal of Soil Biology 36: 57-64.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Saint-Germain M, Drapeau P, Hébert C (2004)
Comparison of Coleoptera assemblages from a recently burned and unburned black spruce forests of northeastern North America. Biological Conservation 118: 583-592.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Santolamazza-Carbone S, Pestaña M, Vega JA (2011)
Post-fire attractiveness of maritime pines (Pinus pinaster Ait.) to xylophagous insects. Journal of Pest Science 84 (3): 343-353.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Santoro AE, Lombardero MJ, Ayres MP, Ruel JJ (2001)
Interactions between fire and bark beetles in an old growth pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management 144: 245-254.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sgardelis SP, Margaris NS (1993)
Effects of fire on soil microarthropods of a phryganic system. Pedobiologia 37: 83-94.
Sgardelis SP, Pantis JD, Argyropoulou MD, Stamou GP (1995)
Effects of fire on soil macroinertebrates in a Mediterranean phryganic ecosystem. International Journal of Wildland Fire 5: 113-121.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Shelef O, Groner E (2011)
Linking landscape and species: effect of shrubs on patch preference of beetles in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Journal of Arid Environments 75: 960-967.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Siemann E, Haarstad J, Tilman D (1999)
Dynamics of plant and arthropod diversity during old field succession. Ecography 22: 406-414.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Siemann E (1998)
Experimental tests of effects of plant reproductivity and diversity on grassland arthropod diversity. Ecology 79 (6): 2057-2070.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Southwood TRE, Brown VK, Reader PM (1979)
The relationships plant and insects diversities in succession. Biological Journal of Linnean Society 12: 327-348.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sutherland WJ (2006)
Ecological census techniques, a handbook (2nd edn). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 446.
Online | Gscholar
Stamou GP, Stamou GV, Papatheodorou EM, Argyropoulou MD, Tzafestas SG (2004)
Population dynamics and life history tactics of arthropodsfrom Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Oikos 104: 98-108.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tavsanoglu C, Gürkan B (2009)
Post-fire regeneration of a Pinus brutia (Pinaceae) forest in Marmaris National Park, Turkey. International Journal of Botany 5: 107-111.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ter Braak CJF, Smilauer P (2002)
Canoco for Windows version 4.5. Biometris-Plant Research International, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Thanos CA, Marcou S (1989)
Early post-fire regeneration in Pinus brutia forest ecosystems of Samos island (Greece). Acta Oecologica 10 (1): 79-94.
Toivanen T, Kotiaho JS (2007)
Mimicking natural disturbances of boreal forests: the effects of controlled burning and creating dead wood on beetle diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 3193-3211.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Trabaud L (2000)
Post-fire regeneration of Pinus halepensis forests in the West Mediterranean. In: “Ecology, Biogeography and Managenement of Pinus halepensis and Pinus brutia Forest Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Basin (Ne’eman G, Trabaud L eds). Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 257-268.
Trabaud L (1994)
Postfire plant community dynamics in the Mediterranean Basin. In: “The Role of Fire in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems” (Moreno JM, Oechel WC eds). Springer-Verlag, New York, USA, pp. 1-15.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ulyshen MD, Hanula JL, Horn S, Kilgo JC, Moorman CE (2006)
The response of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to selection cutting in a South Carolina bottomland hardwood forest. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 261-274.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Whelan RJ (1995)
The ecology of fire. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 346.
Wikars L-O (1992)
Forest fires and insects. Entomologisk Tidskrift 113: 1-11. [in Swedish]
Wikars L-O, Schimmel J (1998)
Effects of experimental burning on ground-living invertebrates in a Swedish pine forest: interactions between fire-severity and logging. In: Proceedings of the “3rd International Conference on Forest Fire Research, 14th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology” (Viegas DX ed). Luso (Coimbra, Portugal) 16-20 Nov 1998, vol. II, pp. 1447-1464.
Wikars L-O, Schimmel J (2001)
Immediate effects of fire-severity on soil invertebrates in cut and uncut pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 141: 189-200.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Wikars L-O (2002)
Dependence on fire in wood-living insects: an experiment with burned and unburned spruce and birch logs. Journal of Insect Conservation 6: 1-12.
CrossRef | Gscholar
York A (2002)
Pyrophilic or pyrophobic? The response of forest beetle communities to an altered fire regime. In: Proceeding of Conference “Forest Fire Research and Wildland Fire Safety” (Viegas X ed). Luso, Coimbra (Portugal) 18-23 Nov 2002. Millpress, Rotterdam, Netherlands. [CD-ROM]

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info