iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Twenty years of conversion: from Scots pine plantations to oak dominated multifunctional forests

Tomáš Vrška (1-3)   , Jaroslav Ponikelský (2), Petra Pavlicová (3), David Janík (1), Dušan Adam (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 75-82 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1967-009
Published: Oct 19, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

A conversion of previously even-aged pine-dominated forests to uneven-aged and multi-functional oak-dominated forests has been ongoing since 1993 in the Pyramida experimental forest (95 ha) situated in the buffer zone of Podyjí National Park, Czech Republic. Based on repeated surveys in 1992, 2003 and 2013, the conversion was assessed according to changes in: (i) the proportion of species; (ii) the distribution of DBH; (iii) the distribution of patches; and (iv) the distribution of forest types. The proportion of conifers decreased from 61.0% to 42.0%, and the proportion of broadleaved species increased accordingly. A sharp decline in the number of trees in the DBH class 70-109 mm was caused by the intense release of understorey broadleaved trees in young Scots pine small pole stage stands. The number of large habitat trees steadily increased in the DBH classes 430+ mm. The mean size of one patch decreased from 0.8 ha (1992) to 0.4 ha (2013). The spatial proportion of the target forest type (uneven-aged oak-dominated forest) increased from 8.5% in 1992 to 45.0% in 2013, and 35.1% of the area was fully converted during the 20 years. We expect 69.1% of the area to be converted after 30 years (2023).


Scots Pine, Conversion, Oak Dominated Forest, Uneven-aged Silviculture, National Park

Authors’ address

Tomáš Vrška
David Janík
Dušan Adam
Department of Forest Ecology, Silva Tarouca Research Institute, Lidická 25/27, Brno, 602 00 (Czech Republic)
Jaroslav Ponikelský
Podyjí National Park Administration, Na Vyhlídce 5, Znojmo, 669 02 (Czech Republic)
Tomáš Vrška
Petra Pavlicová
Department of Silviculture, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Zemedelská 3, Brno, 613 00 (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

Tomáš Vrška


Vrška T, Ponikelský J, Pavlicová P, Janík D, Adam D (2016). Twenty years of conversion: from Scots pine plantations to oak dominated multifunctional forests. iForest 10: 75-82. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1967-009

Academic Editor

Andrea Cutini

Paper history

Received: Dec 29, 2015
Accepted: Aug 10, 2016

First online: Oct 19, 2016
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2017
Publication Time: 2.33 months

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