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Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in black poplar roots after defoliation by a non-native and a native insect

Elisa Zampieri (1), Edoardo Petrucco Toffolo (2), Antonietta Mello (3), Achille Giorcelli (4), Massimo Faccoli (2), Raffaella Balestrini (3), Paolo Gonthier (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 868-874 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1911-009
Published: Aug 29, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles


A major goal in ecology is to understand how interactions among organisms influence ecosystem services. This work compares the effects of two Lepidoptera defoliators, one non-native (Hyphantria cunea) and one native (Lymantria dispar) to Europe, on the colonization of black poplar (the Populus nigra clone “Jean Pourtet”) roots by an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiotic fungus (Funneliformis mosseae) in a pot experiment. The effects of defoliation have also been assessed on the expression of fungal and plant genes playing a role during symbiosis. Both control and defoliated poplars have shown a low level of mycorrhization. Additionally, neither the non-native nor the native insect seem to strongly affect the AM colonization, at least at the time of observation (eight days from the end of the defoliation). Concerning the gene expression analysis, our results suggest that defoliation does not influence neither the expression of genes coding for a fungal and a plant phosphate transporter nor that of a gene coding for a fungal ATPase, and that there were no differences between defoliation carried out by the non-native and the native insect.

  Keywords


Exotic, Defoliators, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, qPCR, Poplar, Gene Expression

Authors’ address

(1)
Elisa Zampieri
Paolo Gonthier
Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari (DISAFA), Università di Torino, l.go Paolo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco, TO (Italy)
(2)
Edoardo Petrucco Toffolo
Massimo Faccoli
Dipartimento di Agronomia, Animali, Alimenti, Risorse naturali e Ambiente -Agripolis-, Università di Padova, v.le dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, PD (Italy)
(3)
Antonietta Mello
Raffaella Balestrini
Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante, CNR, SS Torino, v.le Mattioli 25, I-10125 Torino (Italy)
(4)
Achille Giorcelli
CREA - Consiglio per la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l’Analisi dell’Economia Agraria - Unità di Ricerca per le Produzioni Legnose Fuori Foresta (CREA-PLF), str. Frassineto 35, 15033 Casale M.to, AL (Italy)

Corresponding author

 
Paolo Gonthier
paolo.gonthier@unito.it

Citation

Zampieri E, Petrucco Toffolo E, Mello A, Giorcelli A, Faccoli M, Balestrini R, Gonthier P (2016). Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in black poplar roots after defoliation by a non-native and a native insect. iForest 9: 868-874. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1911-009

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Nov 06, 2015
Accepted: May 21, 2016

First online: Aug 29, 2016
Publication Date: Dec 14, 2016
Publication Time: 3.33 months

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