iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Retranslocation of foliar nutrients of deciduous tree seedlings in different soil condition under free-air O3 enrichment

Cong Shi (1), Norikazu Eguchi (1-2), Fankang Meng (1-3), Toshihiro Watanabe (1), Fuyuki Satoh (4), Takayoshi Koike (1)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 835-841 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1889-009
Published: Jun 17, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: IUFRO RG7.01.00 - Nice (France 2015)
Global Challenges of Air Pollution and Climate Change to Forests
Guest Editors: Elena Paoletti, Pierre Sicard

Retranslocation is the amount of an element that is depleted from old plant components and is provided for new growth. Leaf senescence is usually accelerated at elevated O3 (eO3), and leaf shedding is influenced by soil nutrient availability (and acidification). In this study, we focused on the net retranslocation and allocation dynamics of foliar nutrients (N, P, Mg, K, Ca, Mn, Fe and Al) to investigate the effect of eO3 on birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica), oak (Quercus mongolica var. crispula), and beech (Fagus crenata) seedlings grown in different soil conditions. Seedlings of the 3 species were planted in a free-air O3 enrichment system under 3 soil types (brown forest soil, serpentine soil, volcanic ash soil) for one growing season. All tree species were grown with 3 replications per each plot at elevated O3 (about 80 ppb) and ambient condition (O3 ranging 25-35 ppb). Leaf samples were taken from the top part of seedlings during the growing season in mid-September, and senescing leaves were sampled in mid-November. Both were collected for chemical composition analysis. Retranslocation rate of P was markedly increased by eO3 in birch and significantly differed among soil types in oak seedlings, while was constant across treatments in beech seedlings. Retranslocation of N in oak seedlings was significantly affected by soil type. Retranslocation of other elements was most sensitive to both eO3 and soil type in beech seedlings. The influence of differential growth patterns among species in modulating the physiological response of seedlings to high levels of ozone and different soil conditions are discussed.


Retranslocation, Foliar Nutrients, Ozone, Volcanic Ash Soil, Serpentine Soil

Authors’ address

Cong Shi
Norikazu Eguchi
Fankang Meng
Toshihiro Watanabe
Takayoshi Koike
Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8689 (Japan)
Norikazu Eguchi
Present address: Aichi Prefectural Forestry Research Institute, Aichi 441-1622 (Japan)
Fankang Meng
College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
Fuyuki Satoh
Hokkaido University Forests, FSC, Sapporo 060-0809 (Japan)

Corresponding author

Takayoshi Koike


Shi C, Eguchi N, Meng F, Watanabe T, Satoh F, Koike T (2016). Retranslocation of foliar nutrients of deciduous tree seedlings in different soil condition under free-air O3 enrichment. iForest 9: 835-841. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1889-009

Academic Editor

Silvano Fares

Paper history

Received: Sep 30, 2015
Accepted: Mar 26, 2016

First online: Jun 17, 2016
Publication Date: Oct 13, 2016
Publication Time: 2.77 months

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