iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Leaf transpiration of drought tolerant plant can be captured by hyperspectral reflectance using PLSR analysis

Quan Wang (1)   , Jia Jin (2-3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 30-37 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1634-008
Published: Oct 05, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles

A clear understanding of plant transpiration is a crucial step for water cycle and climate modeling, especially for arid ecosystems in which water is one of the major constraints. Traditional field measurements of leaf scale transpiration are always time-consuming and often unfeasible in the context of large spatial and temporal scales. This study focused on a dominant native plant in the arid land of central Asia, Haloxylon ammondendron, with the aim of deriving the leaf-scale transpiration through hyperspectral reflectance using Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) analysis. The results revealed that the PLSR model based on the first-order derivative spectra at wavelengths selected through stepwise regression analysis can closely trace leaf transpiration with a high accuracy (R2 = 0.78, RMSE = 1.62 µmol g-1 s-1). The accuracy is also relatively stable even at a spectral resolution of 10 nm, which is very close to the bandwidths of several running satellite-borne hyperspectral sensors such as Hyperion. The results also proved that the first-order derivative spectra within the shortwave infrared (SWIR) domain, especially at 2435, 2440, 2445, and 2470 nm, were critical for PLSR models to predict leaf transpiration. These findings highlight a promising strategy for developing remote sensing methods to potentially characterize transpiration at broad scales.


Arid Land, Leaf Transpiration, PLSR, Derivative Spectra, Drought-tolerant, Haloxylon ammondendron

Authors’ address

Quan Wang
Graduate School of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan)
Jia Jin
Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011 (China)
Jia Jin
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

Corresponding author


Wang Q, Jin J (2015). Leaf transpiration of drought tolerant plant can be captured by hyperspectral reflectance using PLSR analysis. iForest 9: 30-37. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1634-008

Academic Editor

Davide Travaglini

Paper history

Received: Mar 05, 2015
Accepted: Aug 06, 2015

First online: Oct 05, 2015
Publication Date: Feb 21, 2016
Publication Time: 2.00 months

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