iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Spruce budworm biological and nutritional performance responses to varying levels of monoterpenes

M Kumbasli (1)   , É Bauce (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 6, Issue 6, Pages 310-314 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0956-006
Published: Jul 16, 2013 - Copyright © 2013 SISEF

Research Articles

Dose effect of six monoterpenes (α-pinene, bornyl acetate, camphene, δ-3-carene, terpinolene, tricyclene) found in the foliage of host trees was tested on sixth-instar spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) using artificial diet. The larval mortality, growth and food utilization have been observed. Two monoterpenes, α-pinene and δ-3-carene caused 22 and 12% mortality respectively at concentrations found in balsam fir foliage. Bornyl acetate and camphene reduced larval survival when their concentration was higher than the foliage. Terpinolene and tricyclene have no effect on mortality. All six tested monoterpenes reduced larval growth rate. Spruce budworm tried to minimize this negative growth impact by increasing his digestibility in presence of camphene and δ-3-carene, and by increasing his efficiency of conversion of ingested-digested food with α-pinene and bornyl acetate. These results support the traditional theory that monoterpenes are a defense agent against spruce budworm and that each monoterpene has a different mode of action and effects which are not necessarily proportional to its concentration.


Herbivore Defense, Monoterpenes, Insect-plant Interaction

Authors’ address

M Kumbasli
Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, 34473 Bahçeköy, Istanbul (Turkey)
É Bauce
Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Faculté de Foresterie et de Géomatique, Université Laval, G1V 0A6 Québec, QC (Canada)

Corresponding author



Kumbasli M, Bauce É (2013). Spruce budworm biological and nutritional performance responses to varying levels of monoterpenes. iForest 6: 310-314. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0956-006

Academic Editor

Massimo Faccoli

Paper history

Received: Jan 24, 2013
Accepted: Apr 09, 2013

First online: Jul 16, 2013
Publication Date: Dec 02, 2013
Publication Time: 3.27 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 43960
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 37635
Abstract Page Views: 1925
PDF Downloads: 3194
Citation/Reference Downloads: 18
XML Downloads: 1188

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3991
Overall contacts: 43960
Avg. contacts per week: 77.10

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2013): 8
Average cites per year: 0.73


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Bauce E, Crépin M, Carisey N (1994)
Spruce budworm growth, development and food utilization on young and old balsam fir trees. Oecologia 97: 499-507.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bauce E (1996)
One and 2 years impact of commercial thinning on spruce budworm feeding ecology and host tree foliage production and chemistry. Forestry Chronicle 72 (4): 393-398.
Bauce E, Kumbasli M (2007)
Natural resistance of fast growing white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench), trees against spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.). In: Proceeding of the International Symposium “Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources” (Demir M, Yilmaz E eds). Istanbul (Turkey) 17-19 October 2007, pp. 687-695.
Björkman C, Kyto M, Larsson S, Niemela P (1998)
Different responses of two carbon-based defences in Scots pine needles to nitrogen fertilization. Écoscience 5 (4): 502-507.
Bryant JP, Chapin III FS, Reichardt PB, Clausen TP (1987)
Response of winter chemical defense in Alaskan paper birch and green alder to manipulation of plant carbon/nutrient balance. Oecologia 72: 510-514.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Carisey N, Bauce É (1997a)
Impact of balsam fir foliage age on sixth-instar spruce budworm growth, development and food utilization. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 257-264.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Carisey N, Bauce É (1997b)
Impact of balsam fir flowering on pollen and foliage biochemistry in relation to spruce budworm growth, development and food utilization. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 85: 17-31.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Carisey N, Bauce É (1997c)
Balsam fir foliar chemistry in middle and lower crowns and spruce budworm growth, development, food and nitrogen utilization. Journal of Chemical Ecology 23: 1963-1978.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Cates RG, Henderson CB, Redak RA (1987)
Responses of the western spruce budworm to varying levels of nitrogen and terpenes. Oecologia 73: 312-316.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Chen Z, Kolb TE, Clancy KM (2002)
The role of monoterpenes in resistance of Douglas-fir to western spruce budworm defoliation. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28 (5): 897-920.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Elsayed G (2011)
Plant secondary substances and insects behaviour. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 44: 1534-1549.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Fuentealba A, Bauce É (2012)
Site factors and management influence short-term host resistance to spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.), in a species-specific manner. Pest Management Science 68: 245-253.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Grant GG, Guo J, MacDonald L, Coppens MD (2007)
Oviposition response of spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to host terpenes and green volatiles. Canadian Entomologist 139 (4): 564-575.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gref R, Tenow O (1987)
Resin acid variation in sun and shade needles of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 346-349.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kumbasli M, Bauce É, Rochefort S, Crépin M (2011)
Effects of tree age and stand thinning related variations in balsam fir secondary compounds on spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana development, growth and food utilization. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 13: 131-141.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lamontagne M, Margolis H, Bauce É (2000)
Testing the ecophysiological basis for the control of monoterpene concentrations along canopy profiles in thinned and unthinned balsam fir stands. Oecologia 124: 318-331.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mattson WJ, Haack RA, Lawrence RK, Slocum SS (1991)
Considering the nutritional ecology of the spruce budworm in its management. Forest Ecology and Management 39: 183-210.
CrossRef | Gscholar
McMorran A (1965)
A synthetic diet for the spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist 97: 58-62.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Miller CA (1977)
The feeding impact of spruce budworm on balsam fir. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 7: 76-84.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sanders CJ (1991)
Biology of North American spruce budworms. In: “Tortricid Pests, their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control” (Van der Geest LPS, Evenhuis HH eds). Elsevier Science Publishers BV, The Netherlands, pp. 579-620.
SAS Institute (2003)
SAS/STAT User’s Guide, release 9.1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Spring O, Priester T, Hager A (1986)
Light-induced accumulation of sesquiterpene lactones in sunflower seedlings. Journal of Plant Physiology 123: 79-89.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Städler E (1974)
Host plant stimuli affecting oviposition behaviour of the Eastern spruce budworm. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 17(2): 176-188.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Waldbauer GP (1968)
The consumption and utilization of food by insects. Advances in Insect Physiology 5: 229-288.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info