iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Harmonizing forest inventories and forest condition monitoring - the rise or the fall of harmonized forest condition monitoring in Europe?

Marco Ferretti   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 1-4 (2010)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0518-003
Published: Jan 22, 2010 - Copyright © 2010 SISEF

Review Papers

Considerable attention was received by the proposed “harmonization” process between forest condition monitoring (FCM) and “traditional” national forest inventories (NFIs) networks. While some harmonization has been achieved and documented within the FCM at European level, it is not so for NFIs. Since the two systems may show remarkable differences also at country level, the extent to which a fully harmonized European-scale FCM-NFI system can be achieved is rather uncertain, if ever possible. In contrast, different harmonization perspectives may be considered at national level: (i) harmonization of assessment/measurement methods, (ii) functional integration of network while keeping them separate, and (iii) full integration of networks. Unfortunately while the cost-benefit balance of this harmonization processes was not clarified, actions were already undertaken that may lead to the disruption of the FCM data series initiated in the 1980s. The conclusion of the process may be ironical: will the current effort in “harmonizing” NFIs and FCM results into the disruption of the European-wide longest and most harmonized time series of forest condition data?


Networks, Time series, Harmonization, Integration, Forest

Authors’ address

Marco Ferretti
TerraData environmetrics, v. P. A. Mattioli, I-53100 Siena (Italy)

Corresponding author

Marco Ferretti


Ferretti M (2010). Harmonizing forest inventories and forest condition monitoring - the rise or the fall of harmonized forest condition monitoring in Europe?. iForest 3: 1-4. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0518-003

Academic Editor

Marco Borghetti

Paper history

Received: Jul 23, 2009
Accepted: Sep 26, 2009

First online: Jan 22, 2010
Publication Date: Jan 22, 2010
Publication Time: 3.93 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 47400
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 40701
Abstract Page Views: 2214
PDF Downloads: 3751
Citation/Reference Downloads: 59
XML Downloads: 675

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 5239
Overall contacts: 47400
Avg. contacts per week: 63.33

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2010): 12
Average cites per year: 0.86


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Anonymous (1988)
Forest damage and air pollution, report of the 1987 forest damage survey in europe. UN/ECE/UNEP, Geneva, pp. 55.
Anonymous (1994)
Manual on methodologies and criteria for harmonized sampling, assessment, monitoring and analysis of the effects of air pollution on forests. PCCs, UN/ECE, Hamburg, Prague, Geneva, pp. 177.
Bussotti F, Cozzi A, Cenni E, Bettini D, Sarti C, Ferretti M (2009)
Quality assurance and measurement errors in monitoring tree crown conditions in Italy. J. Environ. Monit. 11: 769.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Cozzi A, Ferretti M, Lorenz M (2002)
Quality assurance for crown condition assessment in Europe. Final report. United Nation Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, 111 p. Available from: Dr. Martin Lorenz, PCC ICP Forests, Hamburg, Germany.
Online | Gscholar
Fattorini L, Marcheselli M, Pisani C (2006)
A three-phase sampling strategy for large-scale multiresource forest inventories. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics 11: 296-316.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ferretti M (2004)
Forest health diagnosis, monitoring and evaluation. In: “Encyclopedia of forest sciences” (Burley J, Evans J, Youngquist J eds). Elsevier Science, London, pp. 285-299.
Ferretti M (1997)
Forest health assessment and monitoring. Issues for consideration. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 48: 45-72.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ferretti M, König N, Rautio P, Sase H (2009)
Quality assurance in international forest monitoring programmes: activity, problems and perspectives from East Asia and Europe. Annals of Forest Sciences 66: 403.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gasparini P, Bertani R, De Natale F, Di Cosmo L, Pompei E (2009)
Quality control procedures in the Italian national forest inventory. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 11: 761-768.
CrossRef | Gscholar
INFC (2006)
Procedure di posizionamento e di rilievo degli attributi di terza fase con istruzioni per l’impiego degli applicativi NAV3 e RAS3 (Tabacchi G, Scrinzi G, Tosi V, Floris A, Paletto A, Di Cosmo L, Colle G eds). MiPAF, CFS, CRA - ISAFA, Trento, Italy.
Innes JL (1993)
Forest health: its assessment and status. Commonwealth agricultural bureau, Wallingford, Connecticut, USA, pp. 677.
Innes JL, Landmann G, Mettendorf B (1993)
Consistency of observation of forest tree defoliation in three European countries. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 25: 29-40.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Köhl M, Traub B, Päivinen R (2000)
Harmonization and standardization in multi-national environmental statistics: mission impossible? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 63: 361-380.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lorenz M, Fischer R, Becher G, Iost S, Mues V, Granke O, Braslavskaya T, Bobrinsky A, Clarke N, Lachmanová Z, Lukina N, Schimming C (2009)
Forest condition in Europe - 2009. Technical report of ICP forests, 2nd draft. Work Report Institute for World Forestry, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 94.
MAF-ISAFA (1985)
IFN - Inventario Forestale Nazionale. Sintesi metodologica e risultati. ISAFA-MAF, Trento, pp. 364 + 14 cartography.
Mc Roberts RE, Tomppo EO, Schadauer K, Vidal C, Stahl G, Chirici G, Lanz A, Cienciala E, Winter S, Smith WB (2009)
Harmonizing national forest inventories, Journal of Forestry 107 (4): 179-187.
Moffat AJ, Davies S, Finér L (2008)
Reporting the results of forest monitoring - an evaluation of the European forest monitoring programme. Forestry 81 (1): 75-90.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mues V (2006)
Results of the international cross-comparison courses 2005. Programme Co-ordinating centre of ICP Forests, BFH, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 37.
Neumann M (1993)
Forest damage assessments in Austria. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 28: 183-188.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Olsen AR, Sedrransk J, Edwards D, Gotway CA, Ligget W, Rathbun S, Reckhow KH, Young LJ (1999)
Statistical issues for monitoring ecological and natural resources in the United States, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 54: 1-45.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Percy K, Ferretti M (2004)
Air pollution and forest health: Towards new monitoring concepts. Environmental Pollution 130: 113-126.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Stout BB (1993)
The good, the bad and the ugly of monitoring programs: defining questions and establishing objectives. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 26: 91-98.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Winter S, Chirici G, Mc Roberts RE, Hauk E, Tomppo E (2008)
Possibilities for harmonizing national forest inventory data for use in forest biodiversity assessments, Forestry 81 (1): 33-44.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Working Group on Forest Biodiversity (2007)
The BioSoil forest biodiversity field manual version 1.0/1.1/1.1a for the field assessment 2006-07. Forest Focus demonstration project BioSoil 2004-2005, pp. 49.

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info