iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Relationship between microbiological, physical, and chemical attributes of different soil types under Pinus taeda plantations in southern Brazil

Jair Augusto Zanon (1)   , Renato Marques (1), Diego Herzog de Carvalho (1), Janaina Gabriela Larsen (1), Matheus Severo De Souza Kulmann (2), Mauro Valdir Schumacher (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 29-35 (2024)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4349-016
Published: Feb 28, 2024 - Copyright © 2024 SISEF

Research Articles

Over the last decades, Pinus taeda L. plantations in southern Brazil showed a great increase in average production. However, the gains in productivity obtained by genetic selection and breeding have nowadays stabilized. Research on edaphic factors and silvicultural practices is currently performed with the aim of both increasing the productivity of P. taeda plantations and maintaining the soil quality. To this end, soil microbiological attributes are considered better indicators of soil quality as they are more sensitive than chemical and physical ones. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between microbial activity and the physical and chemical parameters of different soil types under young Pinus taeda plantations at five different sites in southern Brazil. Soil samples were collected at depths of 0-5 and 5-10 cm. The soil microbiological attributes evaluated were: potentially mineralizable nitrogen (PMN), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), microbial basal respiration (MBR), and metabolic quotient (qCO2). We also evaluated some physical and chemical soil parameters. Sites with the highest values of C, clay, and nutrients in the soil, showed higher values for the soil microbiological attributes, compared to the other study sites. The previous management with minimal tillage in some sites seems to positively affect soil quality. The MCB and MBR showed better sensitivity in indicating differences between sites and showed a good relationship with clay content, C/N ratio, K, and pH. These results suggest that site-specific characteristics such as soil type or forest management influence soil microbiological attributes in Pinus taeda plantations during initial growth in southern Brazil.


Soil Microbial Activity, Microbial Biomass Carbon, Microbial Basal Respiration, Forest Management

Authors’ address

Jair Augusto Zanon 0000-0001-9190-9735
Renato Marques 0000-0003-3011-6672
Diego Herzog de Carvalho 0000-0001-5431-285x
Janaina Gabriela Larsen 0000-0002-5603-5208
DSEA-UFPR - Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering - Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná (Brazil)
Matheus Severo De Souza Kulmann 0000-0001-9892-4057
Mauro Valdir Schumacher 0000-0003-3277-5671
SCFL-UFSM - Forest Sciences Department - Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Corresponding author

Jair Augusto Zanon


Zanon JA, Marques R, Herzog de Carvalho D, Larsen JG, De Souza Kulmann MS, Schumacher MV (2024). Relationship between microbiological, physical, and chemical attributes of different soil types under Pinus taeda plantations in southern Brazil. iForest 17: 29-35. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4349-016

Academic Editor

Maurizio Ventura

Paper history

Received: Mar 14, 2023
Accepted: Nov 03, 2023

First online: Feb 28, 2024
Publication Date: Feb 29, 2024
Publication Time: 3.90 months

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