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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Impact of rotation length of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. on wood production, kraft pulping, and forest value

Fernando Resquin (1)   , Ismael Fariña (2), Cecilia Rachid-Casnati (1), Agustín Rava (2), Javier Doldán (2), Andrés Hirigoyen (1), Fiorella Inderkum (3), Sofía Alen (3), Virginia Morales Olmos (4), Leonidas Carrasco-Letelier (5)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 5, Pages 433-443 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4040-015
Published: Oct 20, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles


Most of the wood from Eucalyptus globulus Labill. plantations in Uruguay is harvested for pulp industry at an average age of 11 years. In this study we evaluated the volume and quality of the wood produced and the economic return for owners using different rotation length (from 6 to 13 years) and two different provenances (Jeeralang, Australia and Chivilingo, Chile) in experimental plots planted at two different sites (southwest and southeast of Uruguay). Silvicultural practices, industrial process, and economic aspects of the plantations were evaluated by measuring the following variables: survival, individual and per hectare growth, basic density, cellulose yield, wood consumption, cellulose production per hectare, dry solids content, fiber length, paper resistance, internal rate of return, and soil expectation value. The results showed that an increase in the harvest age generates: (i) an increase in the production of wood and cellulose per hectare at decreasing rates; (ii) an increase in wood density and yield; (iii) a reduction in the consumption of wood and solid contents in the cooking liquor; and (iv) a reduction in economic profitability at the farm level. No differences were found in the fiber length and resistance properties of the paper from wood harvested at different ages.

  Keywords


Eucalyptus globulus, Harvest Age, Pulping Kraft, Fiber Length, Forest Value

Authors’ address

(1)
Fernando Resquin 0000-0002-8141-9617
Cecilia Rachid-Casnati 0000-0002-8621-7061
Andrés Hirigoyen 0000-0002-2116-1095
Programa Nacional de Investigación Forestal, INIA - Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Ruta 5 km 368, CP 45000,Tacuarembó (Uruguay)
(2)
Ismael Fariña
Agustín Rava
Javier Doldán
Departamento de Proyectos Forestales, Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay, Avenida Italia 6201, 11500, CP 12900, Montevideo (Uruguay)
(3)
Fiorella Inderkum
Sofía Alen
Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias de la Universidad de la Empresa, Av. Dr. Luis Alberto de Herrera 2890, CP 11600 Montevideo (Uruguay)
(4)
Virginia Morales Olmos 0000-0002-3963-7864
PDU Departamento de Ciencias Económicas, CENUR Noreste - Universidad de la República, CP 45000, Tacuarembó (Uruguay)
(5)
Leonidas Carrasco-Letelier 0000-0002-2894-3700
Programa Nacional de Investigación en Producción y Sustentabilidad Ambiental, INIA - Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Ruta 50 km 11, CP 70000, Colonia (Uruguay)

Corresponding author

 
Fernando Resquin
fresquin@inia.org.uy

Citation

Resquin F, Fariña I, Rachid-Casnati C, Rava A, Doldán J, Hirigoyen A, Inderkum F, Alen S, Morales Olmos V, Carrasco-Letelier L (2022). Impact of rotation length of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. on wood production, kraft pulping, and forest value. iForest 15: 433-443. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4040-015

Academic Editor

Rodolfo Picchio

Paper history

Received: Dec 17, 2021
Accepted: Aug 08, 2022

First online: Oct 20, 2022
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2022
Publication Time: 2.43 months

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