iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Method for classifying sites to Atlantic Rainforest restoration aiming to increase basin’s streamflows

Roberto Avelino Cecílio (1)   , Laís Thomazini Oliveira-Ravani (1), Sidney Sara Zanetti (1), Helder de Amorim Mendes (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 86-94 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3658-013
Published: Feb 19, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles

We propose a method to classify priority sites for Atlantic Rainforest restoration aiming to increase basin streamflows. The Rainfall Forest to Water Production (RFWP) method uses multicriteria analysis supported by GIS techniques and hydrological modeling. The method was applied to the Itapemirim River Basin, southeastern Brazil. The application of RFWP provided a map of areas with different priority for forest restoration by overlapping standardized numerical criteria with different weights (climatological, soil type/land use, and relief). The results indicated the influence of the wide distribution of the restoration sites on the streamflows. The RFWP proved to be suitable for the spatial analysis of the effect of different restoring areas on streamflows. Based on simulated scenarios, an increase in the native forest cover by restoration up to 27.6% of the basin area is expected to significantly enhance water production. The priority areas where forest restoration could better contribute to increase streamflows were delineated, especially at high altitude and in pastures, which are mostly in degraded conditions.


GIS Application, Streamflow, Hydrologic Modeling, DHSVM

Authors’ address

Roberto Avelino Cecílio 0000-0003-2894-2481
Laís Thomazini Oliveira-Ravani 0000-0001-7346-2511
Sidney Sara Zanetti 0000-0001-9135-3925
Department of Forestry and Wood Sciences, UFES - Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória, ES, 29075-910 (Brazil)
Helder de Amorim Mendes 0000-0001-9648-9477
Computer Sciences Department, UFES - Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, 29075-910 (Brazil)

Corresponding author

Roberto Avelino Cecílio


Cecílio RA, Oliveira-Ravani LT, Zanetti SS, Mendes HA (2021). Method for classifying sites to Atlantic Rainforest restoration aiming to increase basin’s streamflows. iForest 14: 86-94. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3658-013

Academic Editor

Carlotta Ferrara

Paper history

Received: Sep 22, 2020
Accepted: Dec 18, 2020

First online: Feb 19, 2021
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2021
Publication Time: 2.10 months

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