iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Large-scale effects of forest management in Mediterranean landscapes of Europe

Raffaele Lafortezza (1)   , Giovanni Sanesi (1), Jiquan Chen (2)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 6, Issue 6, Pages 342-346 (2013)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0960-006
Published: Aug 29, 2013 - Copyright © 2013 SISEF

Review Papers

Forest landscapes are fundamental components of the living environment and consist of complex assemblages of forest and non-forest elements whose arrangement reflects, in part, the magnitude, intensity, and type of management. Because forests change across regions and scales, a variety of approaches have been proposed to support research and applicable goals. The most promising way to analyze forest landscapes is through the application of the landscape ecological approach, which is the study of ecological patterns and processes in heterogeneous, mostly human-modified, landscapes. In this paper, we analyze the role of landscape ecology in the context of forest landscapes. We discuss the main factors related to forest management which may affect landscape composition and configuration by referencing examples from the Mediterranean landscapes of Europe. Finally, we discuss the key issues for incorporating landscape ecological principles into forest planning and management and provide directions for future research in the emerging context of ecosystem services.


Forest Management, Landscape Ecology, Forest Landscapes, Mediterranean Regions, Human Disturbances

Authors’ address

Raffaele Lafortezza
Giovanni Sanesi
Dipartimento di Scienze Agro-Ambientali e Territoriali, Università degli Studi di Bari “A. Moro”, v. Amendola 165/A, I-70126 Bari (Italy)
Jiquan Chen
Landscape Ecology and Ecosystem Science (LEES) Lab, University of Toledo, Ohio (USA)

Corresponding author

Raffaele Lafortezza


Lafortezza R, Sanesi G, Chen J (2013). Large-scale effects of forest management in Mediterranean landscapes of Europe. iForest 6: 342-346. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0960-006

Academic Editor

Luca Salvati

Paper history

Received: Jan 31, 2013
Accepted: Apr 30, 2013

First online: Aug 29, 2013
Publication Date: Dec 02, 2013
Publication Time: 4.03 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 50097
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 42461
Abstract Page Views: 2448
PDF Downloads: 3953
Citation/Reference Downloads: 44
XML Downloads: 1191

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 3973
Overall contacts: 50097
Avg. contacts per week: 88.27

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

Total number of cites (since 2013): 27
Average cites per year: 2.45


Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

Ager AA, Vaillant NM, Finney MA (2010)
A comparison of landscape fuel treatment strategies to mitigate wildland fire risk in the urban interface and preserve old forest structure. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 1556-1570.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Baker WL (1993)
Spatially heterogeneous multi-scale response of landscapes to fire suppression. Oikos 66: 66-71.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Blondel J, Aronson J, Boudiou JY, Boeuf G (2010)
The Mediterranean basin - biological diversity in space and time. Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK.
Bonan GB (2008)
Forests and climate change: forcing, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320: 1444-1449.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Boose ER, Serrano MI, Foster DR (2004)
Landscape and regional impacts of hurricanes in Puerto Rico. Ecological Monograph 74 (2): 335-352.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Boutin S, Hebert D (2002)
Landscape ecology and forest management: developing an effective partnership. Ecological Applications 12: 390-397.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Bruce JW (1998)
Review of tenure terminology. Tenure Briefs 1: 1-8.
Online | Gscholar
Bunker DE, DeClerck F, Bradford JC, Colwell RK, Perfecto I, Phillips OL, Sankaran M, Naeem S (2005)
Species loss and aboveground carbon storage in a tropical forest. Science 310: 1029-1031.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Chazdon RL (2008)
Beyond deforestation: restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands. Science 320: 1458-1460.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Chen J, Saunders SC (2006)
Ecology of multiple ecosystems in time and space. In “Ecology of hierarchical landscapes: from theory to application” (Chen J, Saunders SC, Brosofske KD, Crow TR eds). Nova Publishing, Carbondale, IL, USA, pp. 1-34.
Chen J, Brosofske KD, Lafortezza R (2008)
Ecology and management of forest landscapes. In “Patterns and processes in forest landscapes: multiple use and sustainable management” (Lafortezza R, Chen J, Sanesi G, Crow TR eds). Springer, The Netherlands, pp. 3-15.
Collingham YC, Huntley B (2000)
Impacts of habitat fragmentation and patch size upon migration rates. Ecological Applications 10:131-144.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Corry RC, Lafortezza R (2007)
Sensitivity of landscape measurements to changing grain size for fine-scale design and management. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 3: 47-53.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Crow TR, Host GE, Mladenoff DJ (1999)
Ownership and ecosystem as sources of heterogeneity in a forested landscape, Wisconsin, USA. Landscape Ecology 14: 449-463.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Crow TR (2005)
Landscape ecology and forest management. In: “Issues and perspectives in landscape ecology” (Wiens J, Moss M eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 201-207
CrossRef | Gscholar
de Groot RS, Wilson MA, Boumans RMJ (2002)
A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics 41: 393-408.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Euskirchen E, Chen J, Li H, Gustafson EJ, Crow TR (2002)
Modeling net carbon flows under alternative management regimes at a landscape level. Ecological Modelling 154:75-91.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Ewers RM, Kapos V, Coomes DA, Lafortezza R, Didham RL (2009)
Mapping community change in modified landscapes. Biological Conservation 142: 2872-2880.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Falcucci A, Maiorano L, Boitani L (2007)
Changes in land-use/land-cover patterns in Italy and their implications for biodiversity conservation. Landscape Ecology 22: 617-631.
CrossRef | Gscholar
FAO (2006)
Understanding forest tenure: what rights and for whom? Secure forest tenure for sustainable forest management and poverty alleviation: the case of South and Southeast Asia. Working Paper 14, Forest Policy and Institutions, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, pp. 91.
Feld CK, Da Silva PM, Sousa JP, De Bello F, Bugter R, Grandin U, Hering D, Lavorel S, Mountford O, Pardo I, Pärtel M, Römbke J, Sandin L, Jones BK, Harrison P (2009)
Indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem services: a synthesis across ecosystems and spatial scales. Oikos 118: 1862-1871.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Forman RTT (1995)
Land mosaics: The ecology of landscapes and regions. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.
Geri F, Rocchini D, Chiarucci A (2010)
Landscape metrics and topographical determinants of large-scale forest dynamics in a Mediterranean landscape. Landscape and Urban Planning 95 (1-2): 46-53.
CrossRef | Gscholar
González E, González-Sanchis M, Cabezas Á, Comín FA, Muller E (2010)
Recent changes in the riparian forest of a large regulated Mediterranean river: implications for management. Environmental Management 45: 669-681.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Gonzalez M, Ladet S, Deconchat M, Cabanettes A, Alard D, Balent G (2010)
Relative contribution of edge and interior zones to patch size effect on species richness: an example for woody plants. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 266-274.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Grove AT, Rackham O (2001)
The nature of mediterranean Europe. An ecological history. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, USA.
Gustafson EJ, Crow TR (1996)
Simulating the effects of alternative forest management strategies on landscape structure. Journal of Environmental Management 46: 77-94.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Heller NE, Zavaleta ES (2009)
Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations. Biological Conservation 142: 14-32.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hladnik D, Pirnat J (2011)
Urban forestry - linking naturalness and amenity: the case of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 10 (2): 105-112.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Hodgson JA, Thomas CD, Wintle BA, Moilanen A (2009)
Climate change, connectivity and conservation decision making: back to basics. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 964-969.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kangas J, Store R, Leskinen P, Mehtatalo L (2000)
Improving the quality of landscape ecological forest planning by utilising advanced decision-support tools. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 157-171.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kindlmann P, Burel F (2008)
Connectivity measures: a review. Landscape Ecology 23 (8): 879-890.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Krause B, Culmsee H, Wesche K, Bergmeier E, Leuschner C (2011)
Habitat loss of floodplain meadows in north Germany since the 1950s. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 2347-2364.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Kurttila M (2001)
The spatial structure of forests in the optimization calculations of forest planning - a landscape ecological perspective. Forest Ecology and Management 142: 129-142.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lafortezza R, Corry RC, Sanesi G, Brown RD (2008)
Cultural determinants of spatial heterogeneity in forest landscapes. In “Patterns and processes in forest landscapes: multiple use and sustainable management” (Lafortezza R, Chen J, Sanesi G, Crow TR eds). Springer, The Netherlands, pp. 17-32.
Lafortezza R, Carrus G, Sanesi G, Davies C (2009)
Benefits and well-being perceived by people visiting green spaces in periods of heat stress. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 8: 97-108.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lafortezza R, Coomes DA, Kapos V, Ewers RM (2010)
Assessing the impacts of fragmentation on plant communities in New Zealand: scaling from survey plots to landscapes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19 (5): 741-754.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Lavorel S, Grigulis K, Lamarque P, Colace M, Garden D, Girel J, Pellet G, Douzet R (2011)
Using plant functional traits to understand the landscape distribution of multiple ecosystem services. Journal of Ecology 99: 135-147.
CrossRef | Gscholar
LeMaster DC, Owubah CE (2000)
Nation states and forest tenures An assessment of forest policy tools in Eastern European countries. In: “Forging a new framework for sustainable forestry: recent developments in European forest law” (Schmithuesen F, Herbst P, Le Master DC eds). IUFRO World Series 10: 28-38.
Li C, Liu J, Lafortezza R, Chen J (2011)
Managing forest landscapes under changing global scenarios. In: “Landscape ecology in forest management and conservation: challenges and solutions for global change” (Li C, Lafortezza R, Chen J eds). Higher Education Press, Springer, New York, USA, pp. 3-21.
Lindenmayer DB, Franklin JF (2002)
Conserving forest biodiversity. A comprehensive multiscaled approach. Island Press, Wasshington, DC, USA, pp. 351.
Lindenmayer DB, Fischer J (2007)
Tackling the habitat fragmentation panchreston. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22: 127-132.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Luque S, Saura S, Fortin MJ (2012)
Landscape connectivity analysis for conservation: insights from combining new methods with ecological and genetic data. Landscape ecology 24: 153-157.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Makhzoumi J, Pungetti G (1999)
Ecological landscape design and planning: the Mediterranean context. E and FN Spon, London, UK.
Mata C, Hervás I, Herranz J, Suárez F, Malo JE (2005)
Complementary use by vertebrates of crossing structures along a fenced Spanish motorway. Biological Conservation 124: 397-405.
CrossRef | Gscholar
McGarigal K, Tagil S, Cushman SA (2009)
Surface metrics: an alternative to patch metrics for the quantification of landscape structure. Landscape Ecology 24: 433-450.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Mendoza MA, Fajardo J, Zepeta J (2005)
Landscape based forest management, a real world case study from Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 209: 19-26.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moreira F, Russo D (2007)
Modelling the impact of agricultural abandonment and wildfires on vertebrate diversity in Mediterranean Europe. Landscape Ecology 22 (10): 1461-1476.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Moreira F, Viedma O, Arianoutsou M, Curt T, Koutsias N, Rigolot E, Barbati A, Corona P, Vaz P, Xanthopoulos G, Mouillot F, Bilgili E (2011)
Landscape - wildfire interactions in southern Europe: implications for landscape management. Journal of Environmental Management 92 (10): 2389-2402.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Naveh Z (1995)
Interactions of landscapes and cultures. Landscape and Urban Planning 32: 43-54.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Parrotta J, Agnoletti M (2007)
Traditional forest knowledge: challenges and opportunities. Forest Ecology and Management 249: 1-4.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Perera AH, Baldwin DLB (2000)
Spatial patterns in the managed forest landscape of Ontario. In: “Ecology of a managed terrestrial landscape. Patterns and processes of forest landscapes in Ontario” (Perera AH, Euler D, Thompson ID and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources eds). UBC Press, Vancouver, BC, Canada, pp. 74-99.
Puddu G, Falcucci A, Maiorano L (2012)
Forest changes over a century in Sardinia: implications for conservation in a Mediterranean hotspot. Agroforestry Systems 85: 319-330.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Romano F (2007)
Forest tenure changes in Africa: making locally based forest management work. Unasylva 228 (58): 11-17.
Rotherham ID (2007)
The implications of perceptions and cultural knowledge loss for the management of wooded landscapes: a UK case-study. Forest Ecology and Management 249: 100-115
CrossRef | Gscholar
Sanderson J, Harris LD (2000)
Landscape ecology: a top-down approach. Lewis, Washington, DC, USA.
Sanesi G, Padoa-Schioppa E, Lorusso L, Bottoni L, Lafortezza R (2009)
Avian ecological diversity as an indicator of urban forest functionality. results from two case studies in Northern and Southern Italy. Arboriculture & Urban Forest 35: 80-86.
Online | Gscholar
Scarascia-Mugnozza G, Oswald H, Piussi P, Radoglou K (2000)
Forests of the Mediterranean region: gaps in knowledge and research needs. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 97-109.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Scheller RM, Mladenoff DJ (2007)
An ecological classification of forest landscape simulation models: tools and strategies for understanding broad-scale forested ecosystems. Landscape Ecology 22: 491-505.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Schooley RL, Wiens JA (2004)
Movements of cactus bugs: patch transfers, matrix resistance, and edge permeability. Landscape Ecology 19:801-810.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Stephens SL, Millar CI, Collins BM (2010)
Operational approaches to managing forests of the future in Mediterranean regions within a context of changing climates. Environmental Research Letters 5: 1-9.
Suzuki N, Olson DH (2008)
Options for biodiversity conservation in managed forest landscapes of multiple ownerships in Oregon and Washington, USA. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 1017-1039.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Tanentzap AJ, Bazely DR, Lafortezza R (2010)
Diversity-invasibility relationships across multiple scales in disturbed forest understoreys. Biological Invasions 12: 2105-2116.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Torras O, Saura S (2008)
Effects of silvicultural treatments on forest biodiversity indicators in the Mediterranean. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3322-3330.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Turner MG (1989)
Landscape ecology: the effect of pattern on process. Annual Reviews in Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 20: 171-197.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Turner MG, Gardner RH, O’Neill RV (2001)
Landscape ecology in theory and practice: pattern and process. Springer, New York, USA.
Turner MG (2010)
Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world. Ecology 91: 2833-2849.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Van Eetvelde V, Antrop M (2004)
Analyzing structural and functional changes of traditional landscapes - two exaples from southern France. Landscape and Urban Planning 67: 79-95.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Vos W, Stortelder A (1992)
Vanishing Tuscan landscapes. Landscape ecology of submediterranean - montane Area (Solano Basin, Tuscany). Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Wu J, Hobbs RH (2007)
Key topics in landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Wulder MA, White JC, Andrew ME, Seitz NE, Coops NC (2009)
Forest fragmentation, structure, and age characteristics as a legacy of forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 258:1938-1949.
CrossRef | Gscholar
Zheng D, Heath LS, Ducey MJ, Butler B (2010)
Relationships between major ownerships, forest aboveground biomass distributions, and landscape dynamics in the New England Region of USA. Environmental Management 45: 377-386.
CrossRef | Gscholar

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info