iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Growth performance and nitrogen use efficiency of two Populus hybrid clones (P. nigra × P. maximowiczii and P. trichocarpa × P. maximowiczii) in relation to soil depth in a young plantation

Dejuan Euring (1)   , Sam Ayegbeni (1), Martin Jansen (2), Jing Tu (1-3), Clessio Gomes Da Silva (1), Andrea Polle (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 847-854 (2016)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2016-009
Published: Sep 22, 2016 - Copyright © 2016 SISEF

Research Articles

It is a challenge to produce woody crops on marginal land. The goal of this study was to examine growth responses and nitrogen use efficiency of different poplar species on shallow soil. Typical biomass poplar clones of Max1 (P. nigra × P. maximowiczii) and H275 (P. trichocarpa × P. maximowiczii) were planted on a marginal site where a gradient in soil depth was present. The growth, biomass production, and nitrogen uptake rate as well as nitrogen use efficiency of Max1 and H275 were determined for three consecutive years. Both poplar clones showed decreased growth and biomass production in the shallow soil. Max1 showed better adaptation to shallow soil with higher survival rate and more biomass production than H275. Max1 had lower nitrogen use efficiency on shallow soil than H275. The results suggest that higher nitrogen uptake of poplar species might be an important adaptation to maintain productivity under unfavorable soil conditions.


Biomass, Nitrogen Use Efficiency, Poplar, Shallow Soil

Authors’ address

Dejuan Euring
Sam Ayegbeni
Jing Tu
Clessio Gomes Da Silva
Andrea Polle
Büsgen-Institut, Abteilung Forstbotanik und Baumphysiologie, Georg-August Universität, Büsgenweg 2, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany)
Martin Jansen
Büsgen-Institut, Abteilung Ökopedologie der gemäßigten Zonen, Georg-August Universität, Büsgenweg 2, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany)
Jing Tu
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southwest Forestry University, No. 300 Bailongsi, 650224, Kunming City, Yunnan Province (P. R. China)

Corresponding author

Dejuan Euring


Euring D, Ayegbeni S, Jansen M, Tu J, Gomes Da Silva C, Polle A (2016). Growth performance and nitrogen use efficiency of two Populus hybrid clones (P. nigra × P. maximowiczii and P. trichocarpa × P. maximowiczii) in relation to soil depth in a young plantation. iForest 9: 847-854. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2016-009

Academic Editor

Gianfranco Minotta

Paper history

Received: Feb 18, 2016
Accepted: Jul 19, 2016

First online: Sep 22, 2016
Publication Date: Dec 14, 2016
Publication Time: 2.17 months

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