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Categorization of field trials with GM plants in the Netherlands: applicable to field trials with GM forest trees?

Debora CM Glandorf   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 222-225 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1311-008
Published: Aug 31, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Technical Reports

Collection/Special Issue: COST Action FP0905
Biosafety of forest transgenic trees and EU policy directives
Guest Editors: Cristina Vettori, Matthias Fladung


In the Netherlands, criteria have been set for field trials with genetically modified (GM) plants. These criteria are based on the step-by-step principle as described in European Directive 2001/18/EC. Three categories of field trials are defined. The first category concerns small-scale field trials with GM plants that are not well characterised on the molecular and phenotypic level. Confinement measures are applied in order to limit potential adverse effects to the field location. The second category consists of small-scale field experiments with GM plants that are better characterized. Confinement measures are no longer necessary since sufficient information is available to assess potential adverse effects on human health and the environment for these trials. The third category consists of large-scale field trials with fully characterised GM plants and without the need of confinement measures. For each category, a new permit is required. This system has been used for several crops, including apple and poplar trees and may also be applicable for trials with GM forest trees.

  Keywords


Field Trials, Genetically Modified, GM Crops, GM Trees, Environmental Risk Assessment

Authors’ address

(1)
Debora CM Glandorf
GMO Office, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven (the Netherlands)

Corresponding author

 
Debora CM Glandorf
boet.glandorf@rivm.nl

Citation

Glandorf DCM (2015). Categorization of field trials with GM plants in the Netherlands: applicable to field trials with GM forest trees?. iForest 8: 222-225. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1311-008

Academic Editor

Elena Paoletti

Paper history

Received: Apr 10, 2014
Accepted: Jul 25, 2014

First online: Aug 31, 2014
Publication Date: Apr 01, 2015
Publication Time: 1.23 months

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Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
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Online | Gscholar
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Online | Gscholar
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Online | Gscholar
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Online | Gscholar
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Online | Gscholar
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Online | Gscholar
(8)
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CrossRef | Gscholar
 

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