iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Spread intensity and invasiveness of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) in Lithuanian forests

Lina Straigyte   , Virgilijus Baliuckas

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 693-699 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0763-007
Published: Mar 19, 2015 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Research Articles

The primary objectives of this study were to estimate seedling abundance, spread intensity, and invasiveness of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) in Lithuanian forests. The species was introduced to Lithuania in 1802, and since then has subsequently become gradually invasive. Seedling understory abundance, colonization and dispersal were investigated in six forest blocks covering the principal sycamore distribution areas in southwestern Lithuania. Seedlings height and densities in the undestory were evaluated, and seedlings assigned to four height groups. Species invasiveness was estimated applying the Pest Plant Prioritization Process (PPPP), based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results showed the average spread distance from the parent tree was 257 m, with a mean seedling number per hectare of 2064. Sycamore maple invasive score was 0.6426 (range: 0-1), the current relative to potential distribution rating was 0.57, and the social, environmental, and economic impact score was 0.1682. Such values were used to assess the Pest Plant Score for sycamore maple, obtaining a value (0.3537) lower than expectations (0.5). Results indicated that the species exhibits invasive properties and a rapid spread in the study area. Some implications of the above results in view of the upcoming climate change and the use of sycamore maple in Lithuanian forest plantations are discussed.


Sycamore, Seedling spread, PPPP, Invasiveness, Pest Plant Score

Authors’ address

Lina Straigyte
Virgilijus Baliuckas
Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Faculty of Forest Science and Ecology, Institute of Forest Biology and Silviculture, Studentu 11, LT-53361 Akademija, Kaunas district (Lithuania)

Corresponding author

Lina Straigyte


Straigyte L, Baliuckas V (2015). Spread intensity and invasiveness of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) in Lithuanian forests. iForest 8: 693-699. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0763-007

Academic Editor

Renzo Motta

Paper history

Received: Sep 06, 2012
Accepted: Feb 20, 2015

First online: Mar 19, 2015
Publication Date: Oct 01, 2015
Publication Time: 0.90 months

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