iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Effects of cultural treatments, seedling type and morphological characteristics on survival and growth of wild cherry seedlings in Turkey

D Esen (1)   , O Yildiz (1), U Esen (1), S Edis (2), C Çetintas (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 5, Issue 6, Pages 283-289 (2012)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor0639-005
Published: Dec 17, 2012 - Copyright © 2012 SISEF

Research Articles

Wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) is receiving increasing attention from foresters in Europe and Turkey for its fast growth, highly-valued wood and benefits for wildlife and biodiversity. Little documentation may be found concerning the selection of appropriate cultural treatments and the quality and types of seedlings used for wild cherry plantations. This study reports the effects of various combinations of intensive cultural treatments (including weed control, soil tillage, and fertilization) and seedling types on early growth, survival, and nutrition of one-year-old wild cherry seedlings out-planted on four different sites in the western Black Sea Region of Turkey. After two years, early seedling survival and growth were clearly enhanced for potted seedlings. For bare-root seedlings, initial seedling root-collar diameter and height successfully correlated with survival two years after planting. Seedlings with a root-collar diameter of 6-8 mm and height of 60-70 cm demonstrated the best survival rates in the field. The wild cherry seedlings were shown to be highly sensitive to herbaceous weed competition early in their establishment, warranting effective weed control. When used in addition to weed control, neither intensive fertilization nor soil tillage treatments significantly increased seedling survival and growth two years after planting. Therefore, intensive site preparation, as well as fertilization, are not recommended at this stage for planting sites without severe nutrient deficiencies.


Fertilization, Seedling Quality, Tillage, Weed Competition

Authors’ address

D Esen
O Yildiz
U Esen
Düzce Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi (Faculty of Forestry), Düzce (Turkey)
S Edis
Çankiri Karatekin Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi, Çankiri (Turkey)
C Çetintas
Abaz mevkii, Tip Fakültesi cad., No:318, D:23, Esenköy, Kozlu, Zonguldak (Turkey)

Corresponding author


Esen D, Yildiz O, Esen U, Edis S, Çetintas C (2012). Effects of cultural treatments, seedling type and morphological characteristics on survival and growth of wild cherry seedlings in Turkey. iForest 5: 283-289. - doi: 10.3832/ifor0639-005

Academic Editor

Renzo Motta

Paper history

Received: Aug 06, 2012
Accepted: Nov 05, 2012

First online: Dec 17, 2012
Publication Date: Dec 28, 2012
Publication Time: 1.40 months

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