*
 

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

*

The effects of forest management on biodiversity in the Czech Republic: an overview of biologists’ opinions

Petr Kjučukov   , Jenýk Hofmeister, Radek Bače, Lucie Vítková, Miroslav Svoboda

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 15, Issue 3, Pages 187-196 (2022)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3953-015
Published: May 19, 2022 - Copyright © 2022 SISEF

Research Articles


Europe has been dominated by cultural landscape and rather intensively managed forests. It is thus no surprise that the ongoing global biodiversity crisis as well as the consequences of climate change have been apparent. In recent years, forestry in Central Europe has been going through a crisis caused by extensive disturbances primarily in commercial monocultures; this phenomenon is particularly striking in the Czech Republic. Given the significance of the situation, it is essential to review and optimise the current forest management practices in relation to biodiversity protection. Therefore, a survey among Czech biologists was conducted in an effort to provide specific feedback to foresters and other stakeholders based on scientific and empirical knowledge of the survey respondents. The survey assessed the forest habitat (in terms of light conditions and the structure of the forest environment), forest management tools and conceptual approaches regarding specific species and groups of organisms. The respondents negatively perceived the current forestry practices, especially in terms of creating homogeneity across the forest environment and eliminating important habitats. Structurally diverse old-growth forests as well as the open forests with the presence of old and habitat trees were emphasised by the survey respondents as essential environments. Large-scale non-intervention within protected areas is necessary to support the presence of old-growth forests. On the other hand, there is an urgent need to restore open forests which requires (but not exclusively) the active efforts of man. These two basic appeals are essential in order to diversify the landscape through a combination of segregative and integrative forest management tools that aim to support biodiversity.

  Keywords


Biodiversity Conservation, Forest Management Approaches, Key Habitats, Questionnaire Survey

Authors’ address

(1)
Petr Kjučukov 0000-0003-2367-4043
Jenýk Hofmeister 0000-0002-3915-5056
Radek Bače 0000-0001-6872-1355
Lucie Vítková 0000-0002-6994-5067
Miroslav Svoboda 0000-0003-4050-3422
Department of Forest Ecology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha 6 - Suchdol (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Petr Kjučukov
kjucukov@fld.czu.cz

Citation

Kjučukov P, Hofmeister J, Bače R, Vítková L, Svoboda M (2022). The effects of forest management on biodiversity in the Czech Republic: an overview of biologists’ opinions. iForest 15: 187-196. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3953-015

Academic Editor

Emanuele Lingua

Paper history

Received: Aug 21, 2021
Accepted: Mar 01, 2022

First online: May 19, 2022
Publication Date: Jun 30, 2022
Publication Time: 2.63 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 6165
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 5132
Abstract Page Views: 498
PDF Downloads: 481
Citation/Reference Downloads: 5
XML Downloads: 49

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 195
Overall contacts: 6165
Avg. contacts per week: 221.31

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Jul 2021)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Abrego N, Bässler C, Christensen M, Heilmann-Clausen J (2015)
Implications of reserve size and forest connectivity for the conservation of wood-inhabiting fungi in Europe. Biological Conservation 191: 469-477.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Atlegrim O, Sjöberg K (2004)
Selective felling as a potential tool for maintaining biodiversity in managed forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 1123-1133.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Bengtsson J, Nilsson SG, Franc A, Menozzi P (2000)
Biodiversity, disturbances, ecosystem function and management of european forests. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 39-50.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Brockerhoff EG, Jactel H, Parrotta JA, Quine CP, Sayer J (2008)
Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 925-951.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Czech Ministry of Agriculture (2021)
Report on forest management of the Czech Republic. Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 128.
Online | Gscholar
(6)
D’Amato AW, Palik BJ (2021)
Building on the last “new” thing: exploring the compatibility of ecological and adaptation silviculture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 51 (2): 172-180.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
De Groot M, Diaci J, Ogris N (2019)
Forest management history is an important factor in bark beetle outbreaks: lessons for the future. Forest Ecology and Management 433: 467-474.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Douda J, Boublík K, Doudová J, Kyncl M (2016)
Traditional forest management practices stop forest succession and bring back rare plant species. Journal of Applied Ecology 54 (3): 761-771.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(9)
Dvorák D, Vašutová M, Hofmeister J, Beran M, Hošek J, BÄ›ťák J, Burel J, Deckerová H (2017)
Macrofungal diversity patterns in central European forests affirm the key importance of old-growth forests. Fungal Ecology 27: 145-154.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(10)
Eckelt A, Müller J, Bense U, Brustel H, Buler H, Chittaro Y, Cížek L, Frei A, Holzer E, Kadej M, Kahlen M, Köhler F, Möller G, Mühle H, Sanchez A, Schaffrath U, Schmidl J, Smolis A, Szallies A, Németh T, Wurst C, Thorn S, Christensen RHB, Seibold S (2018)
Primeval forest relict beetles of Central Europe: a set of 168 umbrella species for the protection of primeval forest remnants. Journal of Insect Conservation 22: 15-28.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Emmer IM, Fanta J, Kobus AT, Kooijman A, Sevink J (1998)
Reversing borealization as a means to restore biodiversity in Central-European mountain forests - An example from the Krkonoše Mountains, Czech Republic. Biodiversity and Conservation 7 (2): 229-247.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Essl F, Dullinger S, Rabitsch W, Hulme PE, Pyšek P, Wilson JRU, Richardson DM (2015)
Delayed biodiversity change: no time to waste. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30: 375-378.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
European Commission (2020)
EU Biodiversity strategy for 2030. Web site.
Online | Gscholar
(14)
Filyushkina A, Strange N, Löf M, Ezebilo EE, Boman M (2018)
Applying the Delphi method to assess impacts of forest management on biodiversity and habitat preservation. Forest Ecology and Management 409: 179-189.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Freer-Smith P, Muys B, Bozzano M, Drössler L, Farrelly N, Jactel H, Korhonen J, Minotta G, Nijnik M, Orazio C (2019)
Plantation forests in Europe: challenges and opportunities. From Science to Policy 9, European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland, pp. 52.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Grove SJ (2002)
Saproxylic insect ecology and the sustainable management of forests. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 33: 1-23.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Gustafsson L, Bauhaus J, Asbeck T, Augustynczik ALD, Basile M, Frey J, Gutzat F, Hanewinkel M, Helbach J, Jonker M, Knuff A, Messier Ch Penner J, Pyttel P, Reif A, Storch F, Winiger N, Winkel G, Yousefpour R, Storch I (2020)
Retention as an integrated biodiversity conservation approach for continuous-cover forestry in Europe. Ambio 49: 85-97.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Halme P, Allen KA, Auninš A, Bradshaw RHW, Brümelis G, Cada V, Clear JL, Eriksson AM, Hannon G, Hyvärinen E, Ikauniece S, Iršenaite R, Jonsson BG, Junninen K, Kareksela S, Komonen A, Kotiaho JS, Kouki J, Kuuluvainen T, Mazziotta A, Mönkkönen M, Nyholm K, Oldén A, Shorohova E, Strange N, Toivanen T, Vanha-Majamaa I, Wallenius T, Ylisirniö AL, Zin E (2013)
Challenges of ecological restoration: lessons from forests in northern Europe. Biological Conservation 167: 248-256.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Hanson JJ, Lorimer CG, Halpin CR, Palik BJ (2012)
Ecological forestry in an uneven-aged, late-successional forest: simulated effects of contrasting treatments on structure and yield. Forest Ecology and Management 270: 94-107.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Hilmers T, Friess N, Bässler C, Heurich M, Brandl R, Pretzsch H, Seidl R, Müller J (2018)
Biodiversity along temperate forest succession. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 2756-2766.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Hofmeister J, Hošek J, Brabec M, Dvorák D, Beran M, Deckerová H, Burel J, Krí M, Borovička J, Belák J, Vašutová M, Malíček J, Palice Z, Syrovátková L, Steinová J, Cernajová I, Holá E, Novozámská E, Cížek L, Iarema V, Baltaziuk K, Svoboda T (2015)
Value of old forest attributes related to cryptogam species richness in temperate forests: a quantitative assessment. Ecological Indicators 57 (4): 497-504.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Hofmeister J, Hošek J, Brabec M, Hermy M, Dvorák D, Fellner R, Malíček J, Palice Z, Tenčík A, Holá E, Novozámská E, Kuras T, Trnka F, Zedek M, Kašák J, Gabriš R, Sedláček O, Tajovsky K, Kadlec T (2019)
Shared affinity of various forest-dwelling taxa point to the continuity of temperate forests. Ecological Indicators 101: 904-912.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(23)
Imbeau L, Drapeau P, Mönkkönen M (2003)
Are forest birds categorised as “edge species” strictly associated with edges? Ecography 26 (4): 514-520.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Kjučukov P, Svoboda M (2017)
Biodiversity protection and forest management in the Czech Republic. In: Abstract collection of the conference “Kostelec Inspiration (9)”. Kostelec nad Cernými lesy (Czech Republic) 23-24 Nov 2017. Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, pp. 29.
Gscholar
(25)
Kraus D, Krumm F (2013)
Integrative approaches as an opportunity for the conservation of forest biodiversity. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland, pp. 285.
Gscholar
(26)
Lindenmayer DB, Laurance WF (2012)
A history of hubris - Cautionary lessons in ecologically sustainable forest management. Biological Conservation 151: 11-16.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Mairota P, Buckley P, Suchomel C, Heinsoo K, Verheyen K, Hédl R, Terzuolo PG, Sindaco R, Carpanelli A (2016)
Integrating conservation objectives into forest management: coppice management and forest habitats in Natura 2000 sites. iForest 9: 560-568.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(28)
Mihók B, Kovács E, Balázs B, Pataki G, Ambrus A, Bartha D, Czirák Z, Csányi S, Csépányi P, Csöszi M, Dudás G, Egri C, Erös T, Göri S, Halmos G, Kopek A, Margóczi K, Miklay G, Milon L, Podmaniczky L (2015)
Bridging the research-practice gap: conservation research priorities in a Central and Eastern European country. Journal of Nature Conservation 28: 133-148.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Miklín J, Cížek L (2014)
Erasing a European biodiversity hot-spot: open woodlands, veteran trees and mature forests succumb to forestry intensification, succession, and logging in a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. Journal for Nature Conservation 22 (1): 35-41.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
Mikoláš M, Svitok M, Bollmann K, Reif J, Bače R, Janda P, Trotsiuk V, Cada V, Vítková L, Teodosiu M, Coppes J, Schurman JS, Morrissey RC, Mrhalová H, Svoboda M (2017)
Mixed-severity natural disturbances promote the occurrence of an endangered umbrella species in primary forests. Forest Ecology and Management 405: 210-218.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(31)
Nagel TA, Firm D, Pisek R, Mihelic T, Hladnik D, De Groot M, Rozenbergar D (2017)
Evaluating the influence of integrative forest management on old-growth habitat structures in a temperate forest region. Biological Conservation 216: 101-107.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Norton TW (1996)
Conservation of biological diversity in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 85: 1-7.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Paillet Y, Berges L, Hjalten J, Odor P, Avon C, Bernhardt-Roemermann M, Bijlsma Rienk-Jan De Bruyn L, Fuhr M, Grandin U, Kanka R, Lundin L, Luque S, Magura T, Matesanz S, Mészáros I, Sebastia MT, Schmidt W, Standovár T, Tóthmérész B, Uotila A, Valladares F, Vellak K, Virtanen R (2010)
Biodiversity differences between managed and unmanaged forests: meta-analysis of species richness in Europe. Conservation Biology 24 (1): 101-112.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Palik BJ, D’Amato AW, Franklin JF, Johnson KN (2020)
Ecological silviculture: foundations and applications. Waveland Press, Long Grove, IL, USA, pp. 343.
Online | Gscholar
(35)
Ram D, Lindstrom A, Pettersson LB, Lars B, Caplat P (2020)
Forest clear-cuts as habitat for farmland birds and butterflies. Forest Ecology and Management 473 (1-3): 119-133.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(36)
Remeš J (2018)
Development and present state of close-to-nature silviculture. Journal of Landscape Ecology 11 (3): 17-32.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(37)
Roberge JM, Angelstam P (2004)
Usefulness of the umbrella species concept as a conservation tool. Conservation Biology 18 (1): 76-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(38)
Šebek P, Bače R, Bartoš M, Beneš J, Chlumská Z, Doležal J, Dvorský M, Kovár J, Machač O, Mikátová B, Perlík M, Plátek M, Poláková S, Škorpík M, Stejskal R, Svoboda M, Trnka F, Vlašín M, Zapletal M, Cížek L (2015)
Does a minimal intervention approach threaten the biodiversity of protected areas? A multi-taxa short-term response to intervention in temperate oak-dominated forests. Forest Ecology and Management 358: 80-89.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Seibold S, Brandl R, Buse J, Hothorn T, Schmidl J, Thorn S, Müller J (2015)
Association of extinction risk of saproxylic beetles with ecological degradation of forests in Europe. Conservation Biology 29 (2): 382-390.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Seidl R, Thom D, Kautz M, Martin-Benito D, Peltoniemi M, Vacchiano G, Wild J, Ascoli D, Petr M, Honkaniemi J, Lexer MJ, Trotsiuk V, Mairota P, Svoboda M, Fabrika M, Nagel TA, Reyer C (2017)
Forest disturbances under climate change. Nature Climate Change 7: 395-402.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Senf C, Buras A, Zang CS, Ramming A, Seidl R (2020)
Excess forest mortality is consistently linked to drought across Europe. Nature Communications 11: 6200.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(42)
Soga M, Gaston KJ (2018)
Shifting baseline syndrome: causes, consequences, and implications. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 16: 222-230.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(43)
Swanson EM, Franklin JF, Beschta RL, Crisafulli C, DellaSala DA, Hutto RL, Lindenmayer DB, Swanson FJ (2010)
The forgotten stage of forest succession: early-successional ecosystems on forest sites. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9 (2): 117-125.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(44)
Thorn S, Bässler C, Brandl R, Burton PJ, Cahall R, Campbell JL, Castro J, Choi CY, Cobb T, Donato DC, Durska E, Fontaine JB, Gauthier S, Hebert C, Hothorn T, Hutto RL, Lee EJ, Leverkus AB, Lindenmayer DB, Obrist MK, Rost J, Seibold S, Seidl R, Thom D, Waldron K, Wermelinger B, Winter MB, Zmihorski M, Müller J (2018)
Impacts of salvage logging on biodiversity: a meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 279-289.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(45)
Thorn S, Chao A, Georgiev KB, Müller J, Bässler C, Campbell JL, Castro J, Chen Y-H, Choi Ch-Y, Cobb TP, Donato DC, Durska E, Macdonald E, Feldhaar H, Fontaine JB, Fornwalt PJ, Hernández RM, Hutto RL, Koivula M, Lee E-J, Lindenmayer D, MikusiA, Obrist MK, Perlík M, Rost J, Waldron K, Wermelinger B, Wei I, Zmihorski M, Leverkus AB (2020)
Estimating retention benchmarks for salvage logging to protect biodiversity. Nature Communications 11: 4762.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(46)
Vítková L, Dhubháin AN, Upton V (2014)
Forestry professionals’ attitudes and beliefs in relation to, and understanding of continuous cover forestry. Scottish Forestry 68 (3): 17-25.
Gscholar
(47)
Vítková L, Bače R, Kjučukov P, Svoboda M (2018)
Deadwood management in Central European forests: key considerations for practical implementation. Forest Ecology and Management 429: 394-405.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(48)
Worrell R, Hampson A (1997)
The influence of some forest operations on the sustainable management of forest soils - a review. Forestry 70 (1): 61-85.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info