iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


The willingness of inhabitants in medium-sized city and the city’s surroundings settlements to pay for recreation in urban forests in Poland

Agnieszka Mandziuk (1)   , Beata Fornal-Pieniak (2), Marcin Ollik (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 5, Pages 483-489 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3758-014
Published: Oct 27, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles

The aim of the study was to determine the willingness-to-pay (WTP) in exchange for recreation, to determine the dependency between the frequency of visits and willingness of forest users to make contributions for urban forests and the appearance of the forest, as well as the sociological characteristics of the respondents. The research was carried out on the example of the medium-sized city of Tarnów, southern Poland. To this aim, a survey was conducted on a group of 309 adult respondents inhabitants of Tarnów city and city’s surroundings settlements. For statistical analysis, the Classification And Regression Trees (CART) method was used to determine the dependency between the declared contributions and the characteristics of respondents, and the Principal Components Analysis for examining the dependency between WTP and the appearance (structure) of the forest. The dependency between the frequency of visits to urban forests and the demographics was analysed by chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance. The results showed that 97% of respondents are willing to make payments for urban forests, the amount of which differed depending on their place of residence, education, and age. Also, the vast majority of respondents make their WTP contributions dependent on the appearance of the forest. This applies in particular to a multi-stratum, multi-species forest with the undergrowth and recreational infrastructure. In addition, the frequency of visits to the area is affected by gender and place of residence. The obtained results are especially important for the recreation function of urban forests including willingness of inhabitants in Tarnów city and surroundings settlements.


Recreation, Urban Forests, Willingness To Pay, Visual Aspect of Forest, Preferences of Tourist, Tarnów

Authors’ address

Agnieszka Mandziuk 0000-0002-0623-767X
Department of Forest Management Planning, Dendrometry and Forest Economics, Institute of Forest Science, Warsaw University of Live Sciences - SGGW, 159 Nowoursynowska St., 02-776 Warsaw (Poland)
Beata Fornal-Pieniak 0000-0002-3834-1105
Institute of Horticultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Protection and Dendrology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Nowoursynowska St., 166 02-787 Warszawa (Poland)
Marcin Ollik 0000-0001-8861-803X
Department of Biometry, Institute of Agriculture, Warsaw University of Live Sciences - SGGW, 159 Nowoursynowska St., 02-776 Warsaw (Poland)

Corresponding author

Agnieszka Mandziuk


Mandziuk A, Fornal-Pieniak B, Ollik M (2021). The willingness of inhabitants in medium-sized city and the city’s surroundings settlements to pay for recreation in urban forests in Poland. iForest 14: 483-489. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3758-014

Academic Editor

Raffaele Lafortezza

Paper history

Received: Jan 20, 2021
Accepted: Aug 26, 2021

First online: Oct 27, 2021
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2021
Publication Time: 2.07 months

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