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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Not all long-distance-exploration types of ectomycorrhizae are the same: differential accumulation of nitrogen and carbon in Scleroderma and Xerocomus in response to variations in soil fertility

Lidia K Trocha (1), Bartosz Bulaj (2), Anna Durska (1), Marcin Frankowski (3), Joanna Mucha (4)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 48-52 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3594-013
Published: Jan 18, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Short Communications


Long-distance-exploration type (LDET) ectomycorrhizae have been reported to be best adapted to infertile soils, but variation within LDET ectomycorrhizae have not been thoroughly examined. Concentrations of nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) in LDET ectomycorrhizae were examined in Xerocomus-Pinus sylvestris and Scleroderma-Quercus petraea ectomycorrhizae. The study determined how concentrations of these elements vary in ectomycorrhizae in fertile (organic, uppermost mineral) and infertile (brunic) soil layers. The organic horizon in both Scots pine and sessile oak forest soils had the highest mineral status and exchange cations. In contrast, low mineral concentrations, high base saturation, and pH were characteristic of the brunic horizon in both forest stands. Xerocomus ectomycorrhizae had a higher concentration of N in the fertile (organic and uppermost mineral) soil horizons (3.4%) than in the infertile (brunic) soil horizon (2.2%). N concentration in Scleroderma ectomycorrhizae varied from 2.8%-3.0 % and did not differ between the studied soil horizons. The mean concentration of carbon in Xerocomus ectomycorrhizae varied from 29%-46% in Scots pine stands and from 41%-44% in Scleroderma ectomycorrhizae in sessile oak stands. The concentration of carbon in both Xerocomus and Scleroderma ectomycorrhizae was significantly higher in the fertile horizons (organic and uppermost mineral) compared to the brunic (infertile) horizon. In summary, the analysis conducted in the present study indicates that the LDET ectomycorrhizae, Xerocomus and Scleroderma, possess inherent variations in C and N content to manage soil resources.

  Keywords


Ectomycorrhiza, Soil Interaction, Soil Nitrogen, Nitrogen Utilization, Ectomycorrhizal Adaptation, Soil Chemistry

Authors’ address

(1)
Lidia K Trocha 0000-0001-6609-4060
Anna Durska
Department of Plant Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznanskiego 6, 61-614 Poznan (Poland)
(2)
Bartosz Bulaj 0000-0002-8945-1355
Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71E, 60-625 Poznan (Poland)
(3)
Marcin Frankowski 0000-0001-6315-3758
Department of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznanskiego 8, 61-614 Poznan (Poland)
(4)
Joanna Mucha 0000-0002-1290-9639
Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Parkowa 5, 62-035 Kórnik (Poland)

Corresponding author

Citation

Trocha LK, Bulaj B, Durska A, Frankowski M, Mucha J (2021). Not all long-distance-exploration types of ectomycorrhizae are the same: differential accumulation of nitrogen and carbon in Scleroderma and Xerocomus in response to variations in soil fertility. iForest 14: 48-52. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3594-013

Academic Editor

Daniela Baldantoni

Paper history

Received: Jul 21, 2020
Accepted: Nov 08, 2020

First online: Jan 18, 2021
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2021
Publication Time: 2.37 months

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