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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Effects of low-impact logging on understory birds in the Brazilian Amazon

José CR Soares (1-2), Adriene O Amaral (1), Roberta S De Moura (3), Ricardo AS Cerboncini (2)   , Louri Klemann Junior (2-3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 122-126 (2021)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3435-014
Published: Mar 08, 2021 - Copyright © 2021 SISEF

Research Articles


Tropical forests have a great potential for the exploitation of natural resources. Among the economic activities that depend on forest resources, timber production is the most important one. Nevertheless, these activities may negatively affect wildlife, the availability of natural resources, and ecosystem process. Here we analysed the effects of low-impact logging on understory bird species richness, number of individuals captured, species composition, and assemblage structure in central Brazilian Amazon. We compared logged and unlogged areas over a period of three years (from August 2014 to May 2017). We captured a total of 180 birds and 42 species (20 families) in the logged area and 226 birds and 49 species (20 families) in the unlogged area. Bird assemblage structure in the logged area changed more intensely over the three years of study and became more similar to the assemblage found in the unlogged area. The degree of similarity (Jaccard’s index) in species composition between logged and unlogged areas increased from 18% in the third year to 39% in the fifth year after logging. The results suggest that the minor effects of low-impact logging were reduced a few years after the disturbance, probably due to ecological succession. The proximity of logged and unlogged areas and the reduced impact in the study site may facilitate the recovery of the bird assemblage after the disturbance.

  Keywords


Biodiversity, Conservation, Environmental Disturbance, Forest Resources, Sustainable Development

Authors’ address

(1)
José CR Soares 0000-0003-1307-9371
Adriene O Amaral 0000-0001-7608-8107
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Florestais e Ambientais, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, 69067-005 (Brazil)
(2)
José CR Soares 0000-0003-1307-9371
Ricardo AS Cerboncini 0000-0002-8140-1417
Louri Klemann Junior 0000-0002-3532-9805
Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Centro de Estudos Superiores de Itacoatiara, Itacoatiara, Amazonas, 69100-000 (Brazil)
(3)
Roberta S De Moura
Louri Klemann Junior 0000-0002-3532-9805
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Tecnologia para Recursos Amazônicos, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Itacoatiara, Amazonas, 69100-000 (Brazil)

Corresponding author

 
Ricardo AS Cerboncini
ricardocerboncini@gmail.com

Citation

Soares JCR, Amaral AO, De Moura RS, Cerboncini RAS, Klemann Junior L (2021). Effects of low-impact logging on understory birds in the Brazilian Amazon. iForest 14: 122-126. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3435-014

Academic Editor

Mirko Di Febbraro

Paper history

Received: Apr 04, 2020
Accepted: Jan 05, 2021

First online: Mar 08, 2021
Publication Date: Apr 30, 2021
Publication Time: 2.07 months

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