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Kinetic analysis of poplar wood properties by thermal modification in conventional oven

Bertrand Marcon (1-2-3)   , Giacomo Goli (2), Miyuki Matsuo-Ueda (4), Louis Denaud (1), Kenji Umemura (3), Joseph Gril (5), Shuichi Kawai (6)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 131-139 (2018)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor2422-010
Published: Feb 07, 2018 - Copyright © 2018 SISEF

Research Articles

Collection/Special Issue: COST action FP1407
Understanding wood modification through an integrated scientific and environmental impact approach
Guest Editors: Giacomo Goli, Andreja Kutnar, Dennis Jones, Dick Sandberg


The kinetics of several poplar (Populus alba L.) wood properties during thermal modification conducted in conventional oven with air recirculation were analysed and modelled in this paper. A wide range of properties was assessed, such as: equilibrium moisture content, sorption diagram, shrinkage coefficients, specific shrinkage coefficients, mass loss, modulus of elasticity, strength and colour. The tests were executed at different temperatures ranging from 90 °C to 180 °C and with different durations. The time-temperature equivalency was checked and property modifications over time analysed through master curves in order to obtain a general model connecting together properties, treatment temperature and duration. Different activation energies arising from each property evolution with treatment temperature and duration are provided showing that every modification could occur with different kinetics.

  Keywords


Poplar Wood Modification, Heat Treatment, Time-temperature Equivalency, Energy of Activation, Kinetic Analysis, Mechanical Properties, Hygroscopicity, Wood Colour

Authors’ address

(1)
Bertrand Marcon
Louis Denaud
LaBoMaP, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Cluny (France)
(2)
Bertrand Marcon
Giacomo Goli
GESAAF, University of Florence, Florence (Italy)
(3)
Bertrand Marcon
Kenji Umemura
Laboratory of Sustainable Materials, University of Kyoto, Kyoto (Japan)
(4)
Miyuki Matsuo-Ueda
Laboratory of Bio-Material Physics, University of Nagoya, Nagoya (Japan)
(5)
Joseph Gril
CNRS, University of Clermont Auvergne, Institut Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand (France)
(6)
Shuichi Kawai
Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability, University of Kyoto, Kyoto (Japan)

Corresponding author

 
Bertrand Marcon
bertrand.marcon@ensam.eu

Citation

Marcon B, Goli G, Matsuo-Ueda M, Denaud L, Umemura K, Gril J, Kawai S (2018). Kinetic analysis of poplar wood properties by thermal modification in conventional oven. iForest 11: 131-139. - doi: 10.3832/ifor2422-010

Academic Editor

Giacomo Goli

Paper history

Received: Mar 09, 2017
Accepted: Nov 23, 2017

First online: Feb 07, 2018
Publication Date: Feb 28, 2018
Publication Time: 2.53 months

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