*
 

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

*

Improving impregnation properties of fir wood to acid copper chromate (ACC) with microwave pre-treatment

Milad Ramezanpour (1), Asghar Tarmian (2), Hamid Reza Taghiyari (3)   

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 89-94 (2015)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1119-007
Published: Apr 01, 2014 - Copyright © 2015 SISEF

Technical Notes


Effects of microwave pre-treatment on impregnation properties in fir wood (Abies alba L.) with acid copper chromate (ACC) were studied here. Flat-sawn specimen boards were prepared with moisture content (MC) of 40 ± 5% and were exposed to microwave radiation with 2450 MHz frequency for 10, 12, 14, and 16 minutes at four different radiation treatments. Microwave-treated specimens, along with the control specimens, were conditioned to the final MC of 12% and then impregnated with 5%-ACC solution, using an empty-cell process. The impregnation properties were then measured, including retention, maximum and minimum depths of penetration, impregnated area in the cross-section, and ACC-leaching. Image J software was used to determine depths of penetration. Results showed that microwave pre-treatment significantly improved all the impregnation properties, with the exception of leaching. Clear direct relation was found between the duration of microwave radiation with the properties. It can be concluded that microwave pre-treatment can be used to significantly improve impregnation properties in fir wood.

  Keywords


Abies alba, Fir Wood, Impregnation, Microwave Radiation, Pre-treatment

Authors’ address

(1)
Milad Ramezanpour
Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran)
(2)
Asghar Tarmian
Department of Wood and Paper Science & Technology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran)
(3)
Hamid Reza Taghiyari
Wood Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran (Iran)

Corresponding author

 
Hamid Reza Taghiyari
htaghiyari@yahoo.com

Citation

Ramezanpour M, Tarmian A, Taghiyari HR (2015). Improving impregnation properties of fir wood to acid copper chromate (ACC) with microwave pre-treatment. iForest 8: 89-94. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1119-007

Academic Editor

Elena Paoletti

Paper history

Received: Sep 07, 2013
Accepted: Nov 11, 2013

First online: Apr 01, 2014
Publication Date: Feb 02, 2015
Publication Time: 4.70 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 18022
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 13147
Abstract Page Views: 511
PDF Downloads: 3091
Citation/Reference Downloads: 16
XML Downloads: 1257

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 2320
Overall contacts: 18022
Avg. contacts per week: 54.38

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Jun 2020)

Total number of cites (since 2015): 9
Average cites per year: 1.50

 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
AWPA (1986)
AWPA Book of Standards. American Wood Protection Association, Maryland, USA.
Online | Gscholar
(2)
Brodie G (2009)
Innovative wood drying: applying microwave and solar technologies to wood drying. VDM Verlag, Saarbrucken, Germany, pp. 120.
Gscholar
(3)
Cao JZ, Kamdem DP (2004)
Microwave treatment to accelerate fixation of copper ethanolamine (Cu-EA) treated wood. Holzforschung 58: 569-571.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(4)
Dashti H, Tarmian A, Faezipour M, Hedjazi S, Shahverdi M (2012a)
Effect of pre-steaming on mass transfer properties of fir wood (Abies alba L.): a gymnosperm species with torus margo pit membrane. BioResources 7: 1907-1918.
Gscholar
(5)
Dashti H, Tarmian A, Faezipour M, Hedjazi S, Shahverdi M (2012b)
Effect of microwave radiation and pre-steaming treatments on the conventional drying characteristics of fir wood (Abies alba L.). Lignocellulose 1: 166-173.
Online | Gscholar
(6)
Figueroa M, Bustos C, Dechent P, Reyes L, Cloutier A, Giuliano M (2012)
Analysis of rheological and thermo-hygro-mechanical behavior of stress-laminated timber bridge deck in variable environmental conditions. Maderas Ciencia y tecnologia 14 (3): 303-319.
Gscholar
(7)
Hong-Hai L, Qing-Wen W, Lin Y, Tao J, Ying-Chun C (2005)
Modification of larch wood by intensive microwave irradiation. Journal of Forestry Research 16 (3): 237-240.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Ghorbani M, Akhtari M, Taghiyari HR, Kalantari A (2012)
Effects of silver and zinc-oxide nanoparticles on gas and liquid permeability of heat-treated Paulownia wood. Austrian Journal of Forest Science 129 (2): 106-123.
Gscholar
(9)
Lehringer C, Arnold M, Richter K, Schubert M, Schwarze F, Militz H (2009)
Bio incised wood as substrate for surface modifications. In: Proceedings of the “4th European Conference on Wood Modification” (Englund F, Hill CAS, Militz H, Segerholm BK eds). Stockholm (Sweden) 27-29 May 2009, pp. 197-200.
Gscholar
(10)
Liu H, Wang Q, Yang L, Jiang T, Cai Y (2005)
Modification of larch wood by intensive microwave irradiation. Journal of Forestry Research 16: 237-240.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(11)
Lu J, Bao F, Jiang X, Zhou M (1994)
Effect of steaming on the permeability of wood. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 30: 352-357.
Online | Gscholar
(12)
Schwarze FWMR, Landmesser H, Zgraggen B, Heeb M (2006)
Permeability changes in heartwood of Picea abies and Abies alba induced by incubation with Physisporinus vitreus. Holzforschung 60: 450-454.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
Taghiyari HR (2012)
Correlation between gas and liquid permeabilities in some nanosilver-impregnated and untreated hardwoods. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 24 (2): 249-255.
Gscholar
(14)
Taghiyari HR, Layeghi M, Aminzadeh Liyafooee F (2012)
Effects of dry ice on gas permeability of nano-silver-impregnated Populus nigra and Fagus orientalis. IET Nanobiotechnology 6 (2): 40-44.
Online | Gscholar
(15)
Taghiyari HR (2013)
Effects of heat-treatment on permeability of untreated and nanosilver-impregnated native hardwoods. Maderas - Ciencia y tecnología 15 (2): 183-194.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(16)
Tarmian A, Perre P (2009)
Air permeability in longitudinal and radial directions of compression wood of Picea abies L. and tension wood of Fagus sylvatica L. Holzforschung 63: 352-356.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Torgovnikov G, Vinden P (2000)
New wood based materials TORGVIN and VINTORG. In: Proceedings of the “5th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composite Symposium”. Canberra (Australia) 10-13 December 2000. Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, pp. 756-764.
Gscholar
(18)
Torgovnikov G, Vinden P (2009)
High-intensity microwave wood modification for increasing permeability. Forest Products Journal 59: 84-92.
Gscholar
(19)
Torgovnikov G, Vinden P (2010)
Microwave wood modification technology and its applications. Forest Products Journal 60:173-182.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(20)
Treu A, Gjolsjo S (2008)
Spruce impregnation, finally a breakthrough by means of microwave radiation In: Proceedings of the “4th Meeting of the Nordic Baltic Network in Wood Material Science & Engineering (WSE)”. Riga (Latvia) 13-14 Nov 2008. SNS-Nordic Forest Research Co-operation Committee, Copenhagen University, Horsholm, Denmark, pp. 42-48.
Gscholar
(21)
Vinden P, Romero J, Torgovnikov G (2003)
A method for increasing the permeability of wood. US patent 6: 596-975.
Gscholar
(22)
Yu ZM, Zhao L, Li WJ (2002)
Study on permeable mechanism with dyestuff during wood dyeing. Journal of the Beijing Forest University 24: 79-82.
Gscholar
(23)
Yu LL, Gao W, Cao JZ, Tang ZZ (2010)
Effects of microwave post-treatments on leaching resistance of ACQ-D treated Chinese fir. Forestry Studies in China 12 (1): 1-8.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(24)
Zhang J, Kamdem DP (2000)
Interaction of copper-amine with southern pine: retention and migration. Wood and Fiber Science 32: 332-339.
Online | Gscholar
(25)
Zhao H, Turner IW, Torgovnikov G (1998)
An experimental and investigation of the microwave heating of wood. The Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy 33 (2): 121-133.
Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info