iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry


Ecological and anthropogenic drivers of Calabrian pine (Pinus nigra J.F. Arn. ssp. laricio (Poiret) Maire) distribution in the Sila mountain range

Antonino Nicolaci (1), Davide Travaglini (2)   , Giuliano Menguzzato (3), Susanna Nocentini (2), Antonella Veltri (4), Francesco Iovino (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 497-508 (2014)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor1041-007
Published: Nov 10, 2014 - Copyright © 2014 SISEF

Research Articles

The most well-known and vast Calabrian pine forests are in the Sila mountain range, southern Italy. In this paper, present-day distribution of Calabrian pine in the Sila district was analyzed and compared with forest maps dating back to 1935 in order to assess the changes in land use. Main ecological and anthropogenic factors affecting Calabrian pine forest distribution were investigated by logistic regression models to identify the most important predictors of Calabrian pine persistence, expansion, and transition over the period 1935-2006. In 2006, the area covered by Calabrian pine forests and mixed Calabrian pine-beech forests was 36 100 ha and 20 221 ha, respectively. Overall, pine forest area increased by 38% between 1935 and 2006. Logistic regression revealed that Calabrian pine distribution in the Sila district was affected by both ecological (bioclimate, soil, and elevation) and anthropogenic factors (management, fire). Based on our results, four different potential dynamics of Calabrian pine stands are discussed in the perspective of the sustainable management and conservation of this important mountain forest habitat.


Ecological Factors, Forest Management, Land Use Changes, Forest Dynamics

Authors’ address

Antonino Nicolaci
Francesco Iovino
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Modellistica, Elettronica e Sistemistica, Università della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, Cosenza (Italy)
Davide Travaglini
Susanna Nocentini
Dipartimento di Gestione di Sistemi Agrari, Alimentari e Forestali, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze (Italy)
Giuliano Menguzzato
Dipartimento Gestione dei Sistemi Agrari e Forestali, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria (Italy)
Antonella Veltri
Istituto per i Sistemi Agricoli e Forestali del Mediterraneo, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rende, Cosenza (Italy)

Corresponding author

Davide Travaglini


Nicolaci A, Travaglini D, Menguzzato G, Nocentini S, Veltri A, Iovino F (2014). Ecological and anthropogenic drivers of Calabrian pine (Pinus nigra J.F. Arn. ssp. laricio (Poiret) Maire) distribution in the Sila mountain range. iForest 8: 497-508. - doi: 10.3832/ifor1041-007

Academic Editor

Renzo Motta

Paper history

Received: May 20, 2013
Accepted: Jul 19, 2014

First online: Nov 10, 2014
Publication Date: Aug 02, 2015
Publication Time: 3.80 months

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