*
 

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

*

The effect of soil conditions on submountain site suitability for Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.) in Central Europe

Pavel Samec (1)   , Jirí Volánek (1), Ladislav Holík (1), Petra Rychtecká (2), Marie Balková (1), Valerie Vranová (1)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 210-217 (2023)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor4262-016
Published: Jul 31, 2023 - Copyright © 2023 SISEF

Research Articles


Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) occurred rarely at submountain altitudes before reaching its present position as the most important economic tree species in Central Europe. Spruce cultivation outside of natural sites is under constant threat from harmful agents. In this study, we focused on the indication of potentially suitable planting sites for Norway spruce in areas of protected submountain (< 700 m a.s.l) populations using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) of soil properties in oak-beech, mixed and spruce stands in the territory of the Czech Republic. The soil A-horizon properties in mixed stands were more similar to those in spruce than in broadleaved stands; stand mixtures resulted in lower soil property separability than the localization of individual populations (57% and 85%, respectively). The suitable sites were defined by acid phosphomonoesterase > 151 µg hour-1, soil porosity > 63%, aeration > 53%, bulk density < 0.86 g cm-3, cation exchange capacity < 18 cmol+ kg-1, Corg< 9% and Ntot< 0.5% in clusters comprising the Bohemian highlands, North Bohemian rock cities and the Outer Western Carpathians. The LDA of soil properties offered a useful tool for assessing both naturalness and forest threats to support sustainable management.

  Keywords


Site Series, Spruce Cultivation, Soil Organic Matter, Extracellular Enzyme Activity

Authors’ address

(1)
Pavel Samec 0000-0002-8152-1603
Jirí Volánek 0000-0003-3629-4971
Ladislav Holík 0000-0002-2357-9487
Marie Balková 0000-0003-4796-4491
Valerie Vranová 0000-0003-0931-2345
Department of Geology and Soil Science, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University, Zemedelská 3, CZ-613 00 Brno (Czech Republic)
(2)
Petra Rychtecká 0009-0007-2797-7195
Department of Forest Botany, Dendrology and Geobiocoenology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University, Zemedelská 3, CZ-613 00 Brno (Czech Republic)

Corresponding author

 
Pavel Samec
psamec@post.cz

Citation

Samec P, Volánek J, Holík L, Rychtecká P, Balková M, Vranová V (2023). The effect of soil conditions on submountain site suitability for Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.) in Central Europe. iForest 16: 210-217. - doi: 10.3832/ifor4262-016

Academic Editor

Luigi Saulino

Paper history

Received: Nov 10, 2022
Accepted: May 22, 2023

First online: Jul 31, 2023
Publication Date: Aug 31, 2023
Publication Time: 2.33 months

Breakdown by View Type

(Waiting for server response...)

Article Usage

Total Article Views: 9177
(from publication date up to now)

Breakdown by View Type
HTML Page Views: 7991
Abstract Page Views: 570
PDF Downloads: 534
Citation/Reference Downloads: 0
XML Downloads: 82

Web Metrics
Days since publication: 320
Overall contacts: 9177
Avg. contacts per week: 200.75

Article Citations

Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site
(last update: Feb 2023)

(No citations were found up to date. Please come back later)


 

Publication Metrics

by Dimensions ©

Articles citing this article

List of the papers citing this article based on CrossRef Cited-by.

 
(1)
Achat DL, Augusto L, Bakker MR, Gallet-Budynek A, Morel C (2012)
Microbial processes controlling P availability in forest spodosols as affected by soil depth and soil properties. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 44: 39-48.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(2)
Adetunji AT, Lewu FB, Mulidzi R, Ncube B (2017)
The biological activities of β-glucosidase, phosphatase and urease as soil quality indicators: a review. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition 17: 794-807.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(3)
Alef K, Nannipieri P (1995)
Catalase activity. In: “Methods in Applied Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry” (Alef K, Nannipieri P eds). Academic Press, London - San Diego - New York - Boston - Sydney - Tokyo - Toronto, pp. 362-363.
Gscholar
(4)
Angst G, Mueller K, Nierob KG, Simpson MJ (2021)
Plant- or microbial-derived? A review on the molecular composition of stabilized soil organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 156: 108189.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(5)
Berger TW, Hager H (2000)
Physical top soil properties in pure stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies) and mixed species stands in Austria. Forest Ecology and Management 136: 159-172.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(6)
Bonifacio E, Caimi A, Falsone G, Trofimov SY, Zanini E, Godbold DL (2008)
Soil properties under Norway spruce dominated and mixed broadleaf forests of the Southern Taiga. Plant and Soil 208: 149-159.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(7)
Børja I, Svetlík J, Nadezhdin V, Cermák J, Rosner S, Nadezhdina N (2013)
Sap flow dynamics as a diagnostic tool in Norway spruce. Acta Horticulturae 991: 31-36.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(8)
Burt R (2004)
Soil survey laboratory methods manual. Soil Survey Investigations Report, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Lincoln, NE, USA, vol. 42, pp. 700.
Gscholar
(9)
Cáp J, Novotný P, Cvrčková H, Máchová P, Fulín M, Frýdl J, Dostál J, Buriánek V, Beran F, Lefnar R, Poláková L, Malá J (2017)
Genetic characterization of important regional populations of Norway spruce in the Czech Republic. Lesnický Pruvodce 2/2017, pp. 42.
Gscholar
(10)
Caudullo G, Tinner W, De Rigo D (2016)
Picea abies in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: “European Atlas of Forest Tree Species” (San-Miguel-Ayanz J, de Rigo D, Caudullo G, Houston Durrant T, Mauri A eds). European Commission, Luxembourg, pp. 114-116.
Online | Gscholar
(11)
Cools N, Vesterdal L, De Vos B, Vanguelova E, Hansen K (2014)
Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils. Forest Ecology and Management 311: 3-16.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(12)
Culek M (2013)
Biogeographical provinces, subprovinces and bioregions of the Czech Republic. Journal of Landscape Ecology 6: 5-16.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(13)
Cvrčková H, Máchová P, Dostál J, Malá J (2011)
Studying of genetic variability of Norway spruce hurst ecotype by RAPD. Reports of Forestry Research 56: 137-143.
Online | Gscholar
(14)
Diaci J, Kerr G, O’Hara K (2011)
Twenty-first century forestry: integrating ecologically based, uneven-aged silviculture with increased demands on forests. Forestry 84: 463-465.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(15)
Dillon WR, Goldstein M (1984)
Multivariate analysis: methods and applications. Wiley, New York, pp. 587.
Online | Gscholar
(16)
Dursky J, Mindáš J, Miková A (2006)
Regional analysis of climate change impact on Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst) growth in Slovak mountain forests. Journal of Forest Science 51: 306-315.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(17)
Ehrlich PR, Mooney HA (2018)
Extinction, substitution, and ecosystem services. BioScience 33: 248-254.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(18)
Funda T, Lstiburek M, Lachout P, Klápšte J, El-Kassaby YA (2009)
Optimization of combined genetic gain and diversity for collection and deployment of seed orchard crops. Tree Genetics and Genomes 5: 583-593.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(19)
Grodzki W, Turčáni M, Jakuš R, Hlásny T, Raši R, McManus ML (2010)
Bark beetles in the Tatra Mountains. International research 1998-2005 - an overview. Folia Forestalia Polonica Series A - Forestry 52: 114-130.
Online | Gscholar
(20)
Grüneberg E, Ziche D, Wellbrock N (2014)
Organic carbon stock and sequestration rates of forest soils in Germany. Global Change Biology 20: 2644-2662.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(21)
Guevara M, Vargas R (2019)
Downscaling satellite soil moisture using geomorphometry and machine learning. PLoS One 14: e0219639.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(22)
Hlásny T, Marušák R, Novák J, Barka I, Cihák T, Slodičák M (2016)
Adaptation of forest management in spruce forests of the Czech Republic to climate change with emphasize on forest production. Lesnický Pruvodce 15/2016, pp. 59.
Gscholar
(23)
Horáček M, Holuša O, Samec P (2011)
Prubeh hranice Polonské a Západokarpatské biogeografické podprovincie na území Ceské republiky [Line of border of the Polonic and West-Carpathian biogeographical subprovinces in the Czech Republic]. Acta Musei Beskidensis 3: 17-31.
Gscholar
(24)
Horn PS, Pesce AJ, Copeland BE (1998)
A robust approach to reference interval estimation and evaluation. Clinical Chemistry 44: 622-631.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(25)
Jansen S, Konrad H, Geburek T (2017)
The extent of historic translocation of Norway spruce forest reproductive material in Europe. Annals of Forest Science 74: 56.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(26)
Kandeler E, Gerber H (1988)
Short-term assay of soil urease activity using colorimetric determination of ammonium. Biology and Fertility of Soils 6: 68-72.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(27)
Klimo E, Hager H, Kulhavy J (2000)
Spruce monocultures in Central Europe - problems and prospects. EFI Proceedings 33: 5-9.
Online | Gscholar
(28)
Klimo E, Materna J, Lochman V, Kulhavy J (2006)
Forest soil acidification in the Czech Republic. Journal of Forest Science 52: 14-22.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(29)
Lehmann J, Kleber M (2015)
The contentious nature of soil organic matter. Nature 528: 60-68.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(30)
MACR (2020)
Information on forest and forestry in the Czech Republic by 2019. Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic - MACR, Prague, Czech Republic , pp. 124.
Gscholar
(31)
Margono BA, Potapov PV, Turubanova S, Stolle F, Hansen MC (2014)
Primary forest cover loss in Indonesia over 2000-2012. Nature Climate Change 4: 730-735.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(32)
Novotny R, Buriánek V, Šrámek V, Hunová I, Skorepová I, Zapletal M, Lomsky B (2016)
Nitrogen deposition and its impact on forest ecosystems in the Czech Republic - Change in soil chemistry and ground vegetation. iForest 10: 48-54.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(33)
Perko D, Hrvatin M, Ciglič RA (2015)
Methodology for natural landscape typification of Slovenia. Acta Geographica Slovenica 55: 235-270.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(34)
Puhe J, Ulrich B (2001)
Global climate change and human impacts on forest ecosystems: postglacial development, present situation, and future trends in Central Europe. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 592.
Gscholar
(35)
Rametsteiner E, Sotirov M (2015)
Overall policies, institutions and instruments for sustainable forest management. In: “State of Europe’s Forests 2015”. FAO-MCPFE EFI, Madrid, Spain, pp. 39-64.
Online | Gscholar
(36)
Reininger D, Fiala P, Samek T (2011)
Acidification of forest soil in the Hrubý Jeseník region. Soil and Water Research 6: 83-90.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(37)
Rejšek K (1991)
Acid phosphomonoesterase activity of ectomycorrhizal roots in Norway spruce pure stands exposed to pollution. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23: 667-671.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(38)
Salazar S, Sánchez LE, Alvarez J, Valverde A, Galindo P, Igual JM, Peix A, Santa-Regina I (2011)
Correlation among soil enzyme activities under different forest system management practices. Ecological Engineering 37: 1123-1131.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(39)
Samec P, Volánek J, Bajer A (2021)
Indication of natural boreo-continental pine sites through discrimination analysis of the soil biochemical and water-holding properties. Ekológia 40: 25-36.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(40)
Schloter M, Nannipieri P, Sørensen SJ, Van Elsas JD (2018)
Microbial indicators for soil quality. Biology and Fertility of Soils 54: 1-10.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(41)
Sedláček J, Janderková J, Sefrna L (2009)
Soil associations. 1:500.000. In: “Landscape Atlas of the Czech Republic” (Hrčianová T, Mackovčin P, Zvara I eds). Ministry of Environment, The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardering, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 134-135.
Gscholar
(42)
Tollefsrud MM, Kissling R, Gugerli F, Johnsen O, Skroppa T, Cheddadi R, Van Der Knaap WO, Latalowa M, Terhürne-Berson R, Litt T, Geburek T, Brochmann C, Sperisen C (2008)
Genetic consequences of glacial survival and postglacial colonization in Norway spruce: combined analysis of mitochondrial DNA and fossil pollen. Molecular Ecology 17: 4134-4150.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(43)
Uroz S, Oger P, Tisserand E, Cébron A, Turpault M-P, Buée M, De Boer W, Leveau JHJ, Frey-Klett P (2016)
Specific impacts of beech and Norway spruce on the structure and diversity of the rhizosphere and soil microbial communities. Scientific Reports 6 (1): 305.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(44)
Vacek S, Cerny T, Vacek Z, Podrázsky V, Mikeska M, Králíček I (2017)
Long-term changes in vegetation and site conditions in beech and spruce forests of lower mountain ranges of Central Europe. Forest Ecology and Management 398: 75-90.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(45)
Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS (1987)
An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass C. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19: 703-707.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(46)
Vavríček D, Samec P, Simková P, Formánek P (2007)
The soil environment and biological activity in the forest soils of the mountain area national natural reservation Certuv mlýn, Moravian-Silesian Beskids. Beskydy 20: 109-116.
Online | Gscholar
(47)
Wan H, Wang H, Guo G, Wei X (2018)
Separability-oriented subclass discriminant analysis. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 40: 409-422.
CrossRef | Gscholar
(48)
Zahir ZA, Malik MAR, Arshad M (2001)
Soil enzymes research: a review. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences 1: 299-307.
CrossRef | Gscholar
 

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. More info