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iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry

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Efficacy of Phlebiopsis gigantea against Heterobasidion conidiospore and basidiospore infection in spruce wood

Lauma Bruna (1)   , Darta Klavina (1), Astra Zaluma (1), Kristine Kenigsvalde (1), Natalija Burneviča (1), Vizma Nikolajeva (2), Talis Gaitnieks (1), Tuula Piri (3)

iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry, Volume 13, Issue 5, Pages 369-375 (2020)
doi: https://doi.org/10.3832/ifor3279-013
Published: Aug 25, 2020 - Copyright © 2020 SISEF

Research Articles


Treatment of freshly cut stumps with biological control agents containing Phlebiopsis gigantea spores effectively restricts the spread of new Heterobasidion infections in conifer forests. To test the control efficacy of different P. gigantea strains, conifer stumps or billets cut from tree stems can be artificially infected with asexual Heterobasidion conidiospores or sexual basidiospores or left for natural basidiospore infection. Currently, no information is available about whether the control efficiency of P. gigantea in Norway spruce wood is affected by Heterobasidion spore type. In the present study, the impact of four P. gigantea strains (including the commercial product Rotstop®) on initiation and development of Heterobasidion basidiospore and conidiospore infections as well as the relationship between the area occupied by P. gigantea and control efficacy were analysed in spruce billets. The mean size of the area occupied by P. gigantea was larger, and the efficacy of P. gigantea against Heterobasidion was significantly higher in billets left for natural basidiospore infection compared to treatment with Heterobasidion conidiospore suspension. The control efficacy against Heterobasidion infection was high, although only a small area of the billet surface was occupied by P. gigantea and even when there was no visible discoloration caused by P. gigantea infection on wood surfaces.

  Keywords


Picea abies, Billets, Conidiospores, Basidiospores

Authors’ address

(2)
Vizma Nikolajeva 0000-0002-5823-7292
University of Latvia, Raina boulevard 19, Riga, LV-1050 (Latvia)
(3)
Tuula Piri 0000-0001-8690-3726
Natural Resources Institute Finland LUKE, Latokartanonkaari 9, 00790 Helsinki (Finland)

Corresponding author

 
Lauma Bruna
lauma.bruna@silava.lv

Citation

Bruna L, Klavina D, Zaluma A, Kenigsvalde K, Burneviča N, Nikolajeva V, Gaitnieks T, Piri T (2020). Efficacy of Phlebiopsis gigantea against Heterobasidion conidiospore and basidiospore infection in spruce wood. iForest 13: 369-375. - doi: 10.3832/ifor3279-013

Academic Editor

Alberto Santini

Paper history

Received: Nov 01, 2019
Accepted: Jun 17, 2020

First online: Aug 25, 2020
Publication Date: Oct 31, 2020
Publication Time: 2.30 months

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